Animal Health Status of Regions

Last Modified: June 20, 2024

Find information about APHIS-recognized animal health statuses of foreign regions for specific animal diseases, pests, or acceptable commodities below.

APHIS restricts the importation of some animals and animal products due to the animal health status of the exporting or transit region. A region can be any of the following:

  • a national entity (country)
  • part of a national entity (such as a county, Province, or State)
  • parts of several national entities combined into an area
  • a group of national entities (countries) combined into a single area

In general, we issue or lift import restrictions through the regulatory process. We then update our lists of APHIS-recognized animal health statuses to reflect changes in those statuses.

Lists of APHIS-Recognized Animal Health Statuses

Use the table below to view APHIS-recognized animal health statuses by disease or country.

Disease or PestRegionsNotes
African horse sickness
9 CFR 93.308 (a)(2)(i)
Affected: The continent of Africa (except for Morocco), Malaysia, Oman, Thailand, and Yemen 
African swine fever
9 CFR 94.8 (a)(2)
Affected: The continent of Africa; Albania; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belarus; Bhutan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Brazil (excluding the State of Santa Catarina); Burma; Cambodia; China; Cuba; Dominican Republic; European Union (EU) and Northern Ireland (any restricted zone in the EU or Northern Ireland established by the EU, any EU Member State, or Northern Ireland because of detection of African swine fever in domestic or feral swine); Georgia; Haiti; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Kosovo; Laos; Malaysia; Mauritius; Moldova; Mongolia; Montenegro; Nepal; North Korea; North Macedonia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Russia; Serbia; Singapore; South Korea; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Ukraine; and VietnamThis disease status list does not apply to importation of dogs for commercial sale or adoption. For commercial dog imports, visit Commercial Dog Imports: Check for Countries Where African Swine Fever and Other Diseases Are Known To Exist.
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
9 CFR 92.5
Negligible risk: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jersey, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Northern Ireland, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and Uruguay

Controlled risk: Canada; Ecuador; France; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Greece; and Taiwan
 
Bovine tuberculosis
9 CFR 93.437
Level I: Canada

Level II: Mexico—the State of Sonora

Level III: Mexico—the Yucatan Peninsula Region (States of Yucatan, Quintana Roo, and part of the State of Campeche); part of the State of Chihuahua; and part of the State of Durango

Level IV: Mexico—part of the State of Coahuila; the Huasteca Region (parts of the States of Veracruz, Puebla, and Hidalgo); and the State of Tamaulipas

Regions unassessed by APHIS are considered Level V for bovine TB.
See list of municipalities that comprise the Mexican regions classified by APHIS for TB. Part of the State of San Luis Potosi, Mexico (Zone A1) may continue to export bovines under currently recognized status and conditions until update information is posted on this site. See additional information at Importing Live Cattle and Bison From Mexico to the United States.

Australia may continue to export bovine animals under currently recognized status and conditions until updated information is posted on this site.
Brucellosis
9 CFR 93.440
Level I: Australia; Canada; New Zealand; and the State of Sonora, Mexico

Regions unassessed by APHIS are considered Level III for brucellosis.
Regions of Mexico other than the State of Sonora may continue to export bovine animals under currently recognized status and conditions until updated information is posted on this site.
Classical swine fever
9 CFR 94.9(a)
9 CFR 94.10 (a),
9 CFR 94.9 (b), and
9 CFR 94.10 (b)
Free: Australia, Canada, Fiji, Iceland, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Zealand, Norway, and Palau

Free, but subject to restrictions in 9 CFR 94.32:* Brazil (State of Santa Catarina only), Chile, and Mexico

APHIS-defined European CSF region:** Austria; Belgium; Croatia; Cyprus (excluding those areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control); Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Northern Ireland; Poland; Portugal; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; and Switzerland
*APHIS has declared these regions to be free of CSF; however, the importation of swine, pork, or pork products into the United States from these regions is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 94.32.

**The importation of pork, pork products, and swine from the APHIS-defined European CSF region is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 94.31. In addition, swine semen imported from the APHIS-defined European CSF region is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 98.38.
Contagious equine metritis
9 CFR 93.301 (c)(i)
Affected:* Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; member States of the European Union; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Guinea-Bissau; Japan; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Northern Ireland; Norway; Serbia; South Africa; South Korea; and Switzerland*CEM-affected or trades horses freely with a CEM-affected region without CEM testing
Fever ticks
9 CFR 93.427
Free: Mexico—the States of Baja California; Chihuahua (excluding the municipalities of Guadalupe y Calvo and Morelos); and Sonora 
Foot-and-mouth disease
9 CFR 94.1 (a)(1)
Free: Australia, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Canada, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Jamaica, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Palau, Panama, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, and Trinidad and Tobago

Free, but subject to restrictions in 9 CFR 94.11:* Argentina (a region consisting of the areas of Patagonia South and Patagonia North B only); Austria; Bahamas; Belgium; Brazil (State of Santa Catarina only); Channel Islands; Chile; Croatia; Cyprus (excluding those areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control); Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Namibia (excluding the region north of the Veterinary Cordon Fence); Netherlands; Northern Ireland; Norway; Papua New Guinea; Poland; Portugal; Singapore; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; and Switzerland

Not free, but importation of commodities that meet the requirements of 9 CFR 94.29 for fresh (chilled or frozen) beef and ovine meat is allowed:** Uruguay

Not free, but importation of commodities that meet the requirements of 9 CFR 94.29 for fresh (chilled or frozen) beef is allowed:** Northern Argentina (a region defined in 9 CFR 94.29); Brazil (only a region composed of the States of Bahia, Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, and Tocantins); and Paraguay
*APHIS has declared these regions to be free of foot-and-mouth disease; however, the importation of meat and other animal products from these regions into the United States is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 94.11.

**APHIS has not declared these regions to be free of FMD; however, the importation of certain commodities from these regions into the United States is allowed if requirements specified in 9 CFR 94.29, in addition to other applicable requirements, are met.
Highly pathogenic avian influenza
9 CFR 94.6 (a)(2)
Affected: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Djibouti, Egypt, Ecuador, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Macau, Malaysia, Mali, Myanmar, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Africa, South Korea, South Sudan, Sudan, Taiwan, Thailand, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe

Zones affected with HPAI in the APHIS-defined European Poultry Trade Region:* The importation of poultry meat and products, and live birds and poultry, from any restricted zone established because of detection of HPAI by competent animal health authorities of the APHIS-defined European Poultry Trade Region is restricted. See 9 CFR 94.28 for the specific set of restrictions.

The European Poultry Trade Region (excluding Great Britain) is under temporary restrictions. See the "Temporary Restrictions" section at the top of this page for additional details.
This list might not include all regions for which APHIS currently imposes trade restrictions due to sporadic outbreaks of animal diseases. See the "Temporary Restrictions" section at the top of this page for a list of regions under temporary restrictions.

*European Poultry Trade Region, APHIS-defined: A single region consisting of Austria; Belgium; Cyprus; Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Northern Ireland; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; and Sweden
Newcastle disease
9 CFR 94.6 (a)(1)
Free: Australia, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Fiji, Iceland, Japan, New Zealand, and Switzerland (excluding the Cantons of Zurich and Jura)

Free, but subject to restrictions in 9 CFR 94.33:* Argentina and Mexico (States of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatan only)

Free, but subject to restrictions in 9 CFR 94.28 :** APHIS-defined European Poultry Trade Region—a single region consisting of Austria; Belgium; Cyprus; Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Netherlands; Northern Ireland; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; and Sweden

Not free, but subject to restrictions in 9 CFR 94.30:*** Mexico (States of Sinaloa and Sonora only)
This list might not include all regions for which APHIS currently imposes trade restrictions due to sporadic outbreaks of animal diseases. See the "Temporary Restrictions" section at the top of this page for a list of regions under temporary restrictions.

*APHIS has declared these regions to be ND-free; however, the importation of live poultry, poultry meat, and other poultry products from these regions into the United States is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 94.33.

**The importation of poultry meat and products, and live birds and poultry, from the APHIS-defined European Poultry Trade Region into the United States is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 94.28.

***APHIS has not declared these regions to be free of ND; however, the importation of poultry meat and other poultry products from these regions into the United States is allowed if requirements specified in 9 CFR 94.30, in addition to other applicable requirements, are met. (Poultry meat and poultry products from these states are permitted to transit the United States if considered free of HPAI.)
Scrapie
9 CFR 93.405
Free: Australia and New Zealand 
Screwworm
9 CFR 93.301,
9 CFR 93.405,
9 CFR 93.505, and
9 CFR 93.600
Affected: Angola, Argentina, Aruba, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Easter Island, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Macau, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paracel Islands, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Spratly Islands, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, and ZimbabweThis list might not include all regions for which APHIS currently imposes trade restrictions due to sporadic outbreaks of animal diseases. See the "Temporary Restrictions" section at the top of this page for a list of regions under temporary restrictions.
Swine vesicular disease
9 CFR 94.12 (a)
Free: Australia, Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Japan, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Micronesia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Palau, Panama, Romania, and Sweden

Free, but subject to restrictions in 9 CFR 94.13 :* Austria; Bahamas; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Brazil (State of Santa Catarina only); Chile; Croatia; Cyprus (excluding those areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control); Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; France; Germany; Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales); Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy (the regions of Emilia-Romagna, Fruili, Liguria, Lombardia, Marche, Piemonte, Valle d' Aosta, and Veneto, and the Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano only); Kosovo; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Montenegro; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Northern Ireland; Poland; Portugal; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; and Switzerland

 
*APHIS has declared these regions to be free of swine vesicular disease; however, the importation of pork or pork products from these regions into the United States is subject to restrictions specified in 9 CFR 94.13.
Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis
9 CFR 93.308 (a)(1)(i)
Affected: Western Hemisphere (all regions, except for the regions listed below that are declared by APHIS to be free)

Free: Argentina, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Canada, and United States and its Territories of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands
 

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