The forms you submit to APHIS as an accredited veterinarian are scrutinized by VS personnel for accuracy and completeness. When errors or irregularities are found, APHIS management may request help from investigators in the agency’s Investigative and Enforcement Services (IES) unit. But in many cases, the APHIS–VS District Office first works with the accredited veterinarian to resolve the issue.
IES’ role is to gather all the pertinent facts regarding the issue and present them to appropriate VS officials in an investigative case report. In most cases, VS officials are responsible for determining the appropriate disposition of the investigative case file. In all cases, VS officials must approve any action initiated with respect to the veterinarian’s accreditation.
Many of the inquiries that accredited veterinarians receive from IES investigators involve situations in which the interstate movement of livestock failed to meet State or Federal requirements. IES investigators look into allegations that an accredited veterinarian did not abide by the Standards for accredited veterinarian duties identified in 9 CFR part 161.4. A copy of 9 CFR part 161 is included in appendix A of this Guide and may also be found at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/vet_accreditation/downloads/CFR_Parts_160-161-162.pdf
If you are the subject of an IES investigation, the IES investigator will explain the alleged violation to you during the interview process. It is important that you present the facts as well as your reasons for handling a situation in a particular way. In accreditation cases especially, VS officials are interested in all the background information regarding the alleged violation. All pertinent case information is compiled and evaluated by VS officials. A decision is then made as to how to proceed with disposition of each case.
The investigator may ask you to sign an affidavit containing your statement about the alleged violation. IES investigators are authorized to take affidavits and can explain what an affidavit is and what it means.
Dispositions can include letters of information or warning, informal conferences, formal hearings, suspension or revocation of accreditation, and civil and criminal penalties. APHIS strongly supports these quality-control mechanisms in the interest of furthering the agency’s mission of protecting American agriculture.
IES’ primary responsibility is to investigate alleged violations of APHIS regulations. IES investigators nationwide provide assistance to VS with the following activities:
The Animal Health Protection Act (AHPA) governs the accreditation of veterinarians as codified in 9 CFR parts 160 and 161. As an accredited veterinarian, you should familiarize yourself with these regulations because you are obliged to comply with these standards. Noncompliance can result in violations and possible administrative, civil, or criminal sanctions.
The following are a few examples of violations of the veterinary accreditation standards identified in 9 CFR 161.4 that IES investigators may cite:
An IES investigator may also cite a violation of 9 CFR 161.6(f), knowingly issuing or signing a false, incorrect, or mislabeled animal health or inspection certificate, blood sample, official brucellosis vaccination certificate, or official tuberculin test certificate.
All pertinent case-file information is compiled by IES and evaluated by VS officials. The APHIS –VS Assistant Director determines the appropriate enforcement action for most cases involving violations of Veterinary Accreditation Program regulations. In cases involving alleged violations of 9 CFR 161.6(f), IES may recommend enforcement action, including civil penalties, and the Assistant Director makes the final decision regarding whether a proposed action is appropriate. USDA may carry out one or more of the following actions:
The AHPA does not allow for monetary penalties for most violations of the Veterinary Accreditation Program. However, if your actions involve interstate violations of livestock movement regulations, the categories in 9 CFR 161.6(f), or if your actions contribute to any violations of the AHPA other than veterinary accreditation, your case may be referred to the USDA Office of Inspector General, USDA Office of General Counsel, or the U.S. Department of Justice, and you may be assessed civil or criminal monetary penalties.
IES contributes to the overall APHIS mission to protect American agriculture by providing regulatory enforcement support. IES has investigators nationwide.
IES’ headquarters office is located at:
USDA, APHIS, MRPBS, IES
4700 River Road, Unit 85
Riverdale, MD 20737–1234
If you have any questions about IES, please contact the staff by telephone at (301) 851-2948 or visit the IES Web site at: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/business-services/ies