Feeder cattle and those cattle and bison that move directly to slaughter do not require individual official identification; i.e., may move on backtags.
With some exemptions in described in 86.4, these are required:
Beef cattle and bison:
(see the section entitled “Current Animal Identiﬁcation”) and accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection or other document. Exceptions apply to certain movements, such as when there is no change of ownership or movements to certain stockyards or slaughtering establishments. Check with your APHIS –VS District Office or your State animal health official. Contact information for them is contained in Appendixes 2 and 3.
For interstate movements, most States require that horses be individually identified and accompanied by a Certificate of Veterinary Inspection. Specific requirements, such as proof of negative EIA testing, or other restrictions of movement based on regional or national disease conditions such as neurological Equine Herpes Virus, equine piroplasmosis, or Contagious Equine Metritis, are dictated by each importing state.
For interstate movements, all swine must be individually identified with official identification unless the swine are kept as a group. The CFR part 71.19 explains the requirements for group shipment of swine. Additionally, swine moving within a production system do not need to be individually identified if there is a swine production health plan agreement, as defined in 9 CFR Part 71.1, in place. Producers who are moving swine via interstate commerce within their production system may qualify if all the necessary agreements are implemented. To qualify for within production system movements the producer would need to develop a swine production health plan. The plans have to be approved by both the sending and receiving swine State animal health officials. There are also additional requirements on moving swine within a production system. These requirements are explained in 9 CFR 71.19(g)
For interstate movement, CVIs are required, as speciﬁed by 9 CFR 79.3, for certain interstate movements of sheep and goats. CVIs may be required for other classes of animals by some States. For sheep and goats, CVIs are required for:
Please note that scrapie-positive, suspect, and high-risk animals, some exposed animals, and animals that originated in an infected or source ﬂock require permits rather than CVIs. Contact the VS District Ofﬁce for further information on these permits.
A certiﬁcate must show
Individual animal identiﬁcation numbers including: the official eartag number(s), breed association registration tattoo or brand numbers, breed association registration number and any other ofﬁcial individual identiﬁcation on each animal to be moved. Except that in the case of animals identiﬁed flock ID that is assigned to the ﬂock of origin and that meets the requirements for individual animal identiﬁcation, the flock ID may be recorded instead of the individual identiﬁcation number. (Copies of the registration papers can be attached to the CVI in lieu of recording all registration information on the certiﬁcate. Other attachments may also be used to list the identiﬁcation of the animals as permitted in 9 CFR 79.5(b), in lieu of recording them directly on the certiﬁcate.)
For additional information, please refer to the section on “Identiﬁcation Requirements” in the Scrapie Eradication— Uniform Methods and Rules at