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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDA FAQ's and resources about coronavirus (COVID-19).  LEARN MORE

VS-Regulated Livestock and Poultry Pathogens (Partial List)

* Select agents are regulated by the Federal Select Agent Program
** There may be both pathogenic and nonpathogenic species to livestock/poultry within this genus

Absidia corymbifera

Acremonium strictum

Acinetobacter spp. **

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

Actinomyces bovis

Aedes mosquito

Aedes mosquito eggs

Aeromonas hydrophila

Aeromonas spp. **

African horse sickness (only the excluded select agent*)

African swine fever (only the excluded select agent*)

Akabane virus

Alcaligenes faecalis

Amblyomma spp. - tick

Amidostomum anseri

Amycolaptosis spp. **

Anaplasma centrale

Anaplasma marginale

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Anopheles mosquito eggs

Anopheles mosquitos

Argas spp. - tick

Arthrobacter equi

Arthrobacter spp. **

Ascaridia dissimilis

Ascaridia galli

Ascaris suum

Aspergillus spp. **

Avian adenovirus

Avian encephalomyelitis virus

Avian hepatitis E virus

Avian herpesvirus

Avian infectious bronchitis virus

Avian influenza H7N9 attenuated vaccine

Avian influenza H7N9 wild type

Avian influenza virus (high pathogenic) (only the excluded select agent*)

Avian Influenza virus (low pathogenic)

Avian leukosis virus (retrovirus)

Avian metapneumoviruses

Avian mycoplasma spp. **

Avian myelocytomatosis

Avian nephritis virus 1,2 (astrovirus)

Avian paramyxovirus serotypes 2-9

Avian pneumovirus type C (Colorado strain)

Avian polyoma virus

Avian pox virus

Avian reticuloendothelial virus (REV)

Avian rotavirus

Avian viral arthritis virus (Tenosynovitis; Avian reovirus; Orthoreovirus)

Avibacterium paragallinarum

Babesia bigemina

Babesia bovis

Babesia caballi

Babesia divergens

Babesia major

Babesia motasi

Babesia ovis

Babesia perroncitoi

Babesia trautmanni

Bacillus anthracis (only the excluded select agent*)

Bacillus anthracis, Pasteur strain (only the excluded select agent*)

Bacillus atrophaeus

Bacillus cereus, Biovar Anthracis (only the excluded select agent*)

Bacteroides fragilis

Besnoitia besnoiti

Bibersteinia trehalosi (formerly Pasteurella trehalosi)

Blastomyces dermatitidis

Bluetongue virus (domestic)

Bluetongue virus (exotic)

Boophilus spp. - tick

Border disease virus

Bordetella avium

Bordetella bronchiseptica

Bordetella parapertussis

Borna disease virus

Borrelia burgdorferi

Bovine adenovirus

Bovine coronavirus

Bovine cytomegalovirus (Bovine herpesvirus 3)

Bovine enteric calicivirus

Bovine enterovirus (enteric cytopathic bovine orphan virus)

Bovine ephemeral fever virus

Bovine herpes mammillitis virus (Pseudo-lumpy skin disease; Bovine herpesvirus 2)

Bovine immunodeficiency virus

Bovine infectious rhinotracheitis virus (Bovine herpesvirus 1)

Bovine leukemia virus

Bovine nebovirus

Bovine norovirus

Bovine papillomavirus

Bovine papular stomatitis virus

Bovine parainfluenzae 3 virus

Bovine parvovirus (Haemadsorbing enteric virus)

Bovine reovirus

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Bovine rhinitis B virus (Bovine rhinovirus; Picornavirus)

Bovine rotavirus group A, B

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (types 1 and 2) (BVD)

Bovine viral diarrhea virus, HoBi-like strain

Brachyspira hyodisenteriae

Brucella abortus (only the excluded select agent*)

Brucella abortus strain 19

Brucella abortus strain RB51

Brucella melitensis (only the excluded select agent*)

Brucella microti

Brucella neotomae

Brucella ovis

Brucella suis (only the excluded select agent*)

Bunostomum phlebotomum

Bunostomum trigonocephalum

Burkholderia cepacia

Burkholderia mallei (only the excluded select agent*)

Burkholderia pseudomallei (only the excluded select agent*)

Cache Valley virus

Calliphora vicina - blowfly

Camelpox virus

Campylobacter coli

Campylobacter fetus

Campylobacter jejuni

Campylobacter spp. **

Candida albicans

Capillaria caudinflata

Capillaria contorta

Capillaria obsignata

Caprine adenovirus type 1, 2

Caprine arthritis and encephalitis virus

Caprine herpesvirus

Cellulomonas spp. **

Chaburtia ovina

Cheilospirura hamulosa

Chicken anemia virus (circovirus)

chicken hepatitis E virus

Chlamydophila abortus

Chlamydophila pecorum

Chlamydophila psittaci

Choanotaenia infundibulum

Chronic wasting disease (CWD)

Citrobacter freundii

Classical swine fever virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Clostridium botulinum (only the excluded select agent*)

Clostridium chauvoei

Clostridium difficile

Clostridium haemolyticum

Clostridium novyi

Clostridium perfringens

Clostridium septicum

Clostridium sordelli

Clostridium sporogenes

Clostridium tetani

Coccidioides immitis

Coccidioides posadasii

Cochliomyia hominivorax (screwworm)

Coenurus cerebralis

Collyriclum faba - fluke

Contagious ecthyma (orf; contagious pustular dermatitis)

Cooperia curticei

Cooperia oncophora

Cooperia pectinata

Cooperia punctata

Cooperia surnabada

Corynebacterium bovis

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

Corynebacterium renale

Cowpox virus

Coxiella burnetii (only the excluded select agent*)

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Crossiella equi

Cryptococcus neoformans

Cryptosporidium parvum

Culex spp. - mosquito

Culicoides spp. - mosquito

Cyathostoma bronchialis

Cyrnea colini

Cysticercus cellulosae

Davainea proglottina

Dermacenter spp. - tick

Dermatobia hominis - fly

Dichelobacter nodosus (Bacterioides nodosus)

Dicrocoelium dentriticum - fluke

Dictyocaulus arnfieldi

Dictyocaulus filaria

Dictyocaulus viviparus

Dispharynx nasuta

Duck adenovirus

Duck enteritis virus

Duck hepatitis type 1

Duck infectious anemia virus

Duck plague virus

Dung beetles

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Echinococcus spp. **

Ehrlichia (Neorickettsia) risticii

Ehrlichia fergusonii

Ehrlichia ruminantium (Cowdria ruminatum )(heartwater)

Eimeria spp. **

Elaeophora schneideri

Encephalomyocarditis virus

Enterobacter aerogenes

Enterobacter cloacae

Enterococcus cecorum

Enterococcus durans

Enterococcus hirae

Enterococcus spp. **

Ephemeral fever virus

Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV)

Equine adenovirus

Equine coital exanthema virus (Equine herpesvirus 3)

Equine coronavirus

Equine herpesvirus 2

Equine herpesvirus 3 (Equine coital exanthema)

Equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV)

Equine influenza virus

Equine papilloma virus

Equine rhinitis virus (picornavirus)

Equine rhinopneumonitis virus (EHV-1 and EHV-4)

Equine rotavirus

Equine viral arteritis virus

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

Escherichia coli, enteropathogenic to livestock or poultry: F 18, K88, VTEC O5:H-, VTEC O8:H9, VTEC O26:H11, VTEC O26:O26, VTEC O80:H- and VTEC O111:H-, non-O157 EHEC serogroups O26, O111, O118 and O103

Eurytrema coelomaticum - fluke

Eurytrema ovis - fluke

Eurytrema pancreaticum - fluke

Fasciola gigantica - fluke

Fasciola hepatica - fluke

Fasciola magna - fluke

Foot and mouth disease virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Fowl adenovirus type 1

Fowl calicivirus

Fowlpox virus

Francisella tularensis (only the excluded select agent*)

Francisella tularensis subspecies holartica LVS

Fusarium spp. **

Fusobacterium necrophorum

Gaigeria pachyscelis

Gallibacterium anatis

Gasterophilus spp. - horse bot

Getah virus

Giardia spp. **

Globicatella sanguinis

Goat pox virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Gongylonema ingluvicola

Goose parvovirus

Guggenheimella bovis

Haemaphysalis spp. - tick

Haemonchus contortus

Haemonchus placei

Haemonchus similis

Haemophilus agni

Haemophilus paragallinarum

Haemophilus parahemolyticus

Haemophilus parasuis

Haemophilus somnis

Haemophilus suis

Haemotobia irritans – fly

Haemaphysalis longicornis --tick

Halicephalobus deletrix

Helicobacter pullorum

Helicobacter suis

Hemagglultinating encephalomyelitis virus

Hemorrhagic enteritis virus

Hendra virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Herpesvirus of turkey (HVT) virus

Heterakis gallinarum

Heterakis isolonche

Highlands J Virus

Histophilus somni

Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum

Hyaloma spp. - tick

Hyostrongylus rubidus

Hypoderma bovis

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (Bovine herpesvirus 1)

Infectious bronchitis virus

Infectious bursal disease virus

Infectious laryngotracheitis (Avian Herpesvirus 1)

Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus

Infectious salmon anemia virus

Influenza A virus

Influenza C virus

Isospora spp. **

Isospora suis

Ixoides spp. - tick

Jamestown canyon virus (aka Jerry Slough virus)

Japanese encephalitis virus

Klebsiella oxytoca

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Kobuvirus

Kunjin virus

Lawsonia spp. **

Leishmania braziliensis

Leishmania infantum

Leishmania siamensis

Leishmania spp. **

Lentzea kentuckyensis

Leptospira interrogans (various serovars- hardjo, pomona, icterohaemorrhagiae, grippotyphosa, canicola)

Listeria ivanovii

Listeria monocytogenes

Louping ill virus

Lumpy skin disease virus (Neethling virus) (only the excluded select agent*)

Lutzomyia longipalpis - sandfly

Maedi-visna virus (Ovine progressive pneumonia)

Main Drain virus

Madariaga virus

Malignant catarrhal fever (Alcelephine herpesvirus 1) (wildebeest-associated) (exotic)

Malignant catarrhal fever (Ovine herpesvirus 2) (sheep associated ) (domestic)

Mannheimia glucosida

Mannheimia granulomatis

Mannheimia haemolytica

Mannheimia ruminalis

Mannheimia varigena

Marek's disease virus

Margaropus spp. - tick

Mecistocirrus digitatus

Menangle virus

Metroliasthes lucida

Micrococcus luteus

Microsporum canis

Microsporum gypseum

Microsporum nanum

Middleburg virus

Monkeypox virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Moraxella bovis

Moraxella bovoculi

Moraxella ovis

Morbilivirus spp. **

Mouse pox

Murray Valley encephalitis virus

Musca spp. - fly

Mycobacterium africanum

Mycobacterium avium

Mycobacterium bovis

Mycobacterium bovis BCG

Mycobacterium capricolum (only the excluded select agent*)

Mycobacterium caprae

Mycobacterium F38

Mycobacterium fortuitum

Mycobacterium kansasii

Mycobacterium microti

Mycobacterium paratuberculosis

Mycobacterium pinnipedii

Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex organisms (excluding M tuberculosis)

Mycoplasma agalactiae

Mycoplasma bovis

Mycoplasma dispar

Mycoplasma gallisepticum

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae

Mycoplasma hyorhinis

Mycoplasma hyosynoviae

Mycoplasma iowae

Mycoplasma meleagridis

Mycoplasma mycodies (contagious bovine pleuropneumonia)(only the excluded select agent*)

Mycoplasma synoviae

Myxoma virus

Nairobi sheep disease

Nematodirus abnormalis

Nematodirus battus

Nematodirus filicollis

Nematodirus helvetianus

Nematodirus spathiger

Neospora caninum - coccidian parasite

Neospora hughsi - coccidian parasite

Newcastle disease virus (avirulent) (Avian paramyxovirus type 1)

Newcastle disease virus (virulent) (Avian paramyxovirus type 1)

Nipah virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Nocardia spp. **

Nosoma - tick

Oesophagostomum clumbianum

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Ornithostrongylus quadriradiatus

Ostertagia bisonis

Ostertagia leptospicularis

Ostertagia lyrata (Skrjabinagia lyrata, Grosspiculagia lyrata)

Ostertagia orloffi

Ostertagia ostertagi

Ostertagia podjapolskyi (Grosspiculagia podjapolskyi)

Ostertagia trifurcata

Otobius spp. - tick

Ovine adenovirus

Ovine astrovirus

Ovine ecthyma virus

Ovine herpesvirus 1

Ovine parainfluenza 3

Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma virus (Pulmonary adenomatosis; Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus)

Oxyspirura mansoni

Parainfluenza 5 (aka Simian parainfluenza 5)

Parascaris equorum

Parelaphostrongylus tenius

Pasteurella multocida (Fowl cholera)

Pasteurella trehalosi

Peptostreptococcus spp. **

Peste des petits ruminants (only the excluded select agent*)

Phlebotumus spp. - sandfly

Pigeon paramyxovirus

Pigeon pox virus

Plasmodium gallinaceum

Plasmodium hermansi

Pleisiomonas spp. **

Porcine acute gastroenteritis (Porcine astrovirus)

Porcine adenovirus

Porcine circovirus

Porcine cytomegalovirus (Porcine herpesvirus 2)

Porcine delta coronavirus

Porcine enteric calicivirus

Porcine enterovirus (Teschen; Talfan; Benign enzootic paresis; Poliomyelitis suum; Porcine enteroviral encephalomyelitis)

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) asian lineage

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) non-asian lineage

Porcine hemagglutinating encephalitis virus

Porcine hepatitis E

Porcine herpesvirus

Porcine kobuvirus

Porcine paramyxovirus (Menangle)

Porcine parvovirus

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRS)

Porcine respiratory coronavirus

Porcine rotavirus group A

Porcine rotavirus group B

Porcine rotavirus group C

Porcine rotavirus group E

Porcine rubulavirus ("blue eye")

Porcine sapelovirus

Porcine sapovirus

Porcine teschovirus

Porcine torovirus

Porcine transmissible gasteroenteritis virus

Porphyromonas spp. **

Powassan virus

Prevotella melaninogenica

Propionibacterium spp. **

Prosthogonimus macrorchis - fluke

Proteus mirabilis

Proteus vulgaris

Prototheca wickerhamii

Prototheca zopfii

Providencia rettgeri

Providencia stuarti

Pseudocowpox virus

Pseudomonas spp. **

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudorabies virus (Porcine herpesvirus; Aujeszky's disease)

Psoroptes spp. - mite

Pythium insidiosum

Quail bronchitis virus (Avian adenovirus group 1) 002-ADV

Rabbit pox

Rabies virus

Raccoonpox virus

Raillietina cesticillus

Raillietina echinobothrida

Raillietina tetragona

Rhipicentor spp. - tick

Rhipicephalus spp. - tick

Rhizomucor miehei

Rhodococcus equi

Rickettsia gravesii

Rickettsia risticii

Riemerella anatipestifer

Rift valley fever virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Rinderpest virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Rodent adapted scrapie

Ross River virus

Rous associated virus

Salmonella abortusovis

Salmonella anatum

Salmonella arizonae

Salmonella choleraesuis

Salmonella dublin

Salmonella enterica

Salmonella enteritidis

Salmonella gallinarum

Salmonella hadar

Salmonella heidelberg

Salmonella kentucky

Salmonella montevideo

Salmonella newport

Salmonella pullorum

Salmonella saintpaul

Salmonella typhimurium

San Miguel sea lion virus (SMSV)

Sand fly

Sarcocystis neurona

Sarcocystis spp.**

Schistosoma bovis - fluke

Schistosoma curassoni - fluke

Schistosoma incognitum - fluke

Schistosoma indicum - fluke

Schistosoma japonicum - fluke

Schistosoma mattheei - fluke

Schistosoma nasale - fluke

Schistosoma spindale - fluke

Schmallenberg virus

Scrapie

Seneca Valley virus

Serratia spp. **

Sheep pox (only the excluded select agent*)

Simulium spp. - blackfly

Sindbis virus

Spring viremia of carp virus

St Louis encephalitis virus

Staphylococcus arlettae

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus capitis

Staphylococcus chromogenes

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Staphylococcus equorum

Staphylococcus haemolyticus

Staphylococcus hyicus

Staphylococcus intermedius

Staphylococcus lugdunensis

Staphylococcus nepalensis

Staphylococcus sciuri

Staphylococcus spp

Staphylococcus warneri

Stomoxys calcitrans - stable fly

Streptococcus agalactiae

Streptococcus dysgalactiae

Streptococcus equi

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes

Streptococcus suis

Strongyloides avium

Strongyloides edentatus

Strongyloides equinus

Strongyloides papillosus

Strongyloides ransomi

Strongyloides vulgaris

Subulura brumpti

Swine adenovirus

Swine astrovirus

Swine enteric coronavirus (SECoV)

Swine hepatitis E virus, genotype 3

Swine heptatitis E virus, genotype 4

Swine influenza virus

Swine papillomavirus

Swine poxvirus

Swine vesicular disease virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Syngamus trachea

Tabanus spp. - horse fly

Taenia saginata

Taenia solium

Taylorella asinigenetalis

Taylorella equigenitalis (Contagious equine metritis)

Teladorsagia circumcincta

Tetrameres americana

Theileria annulata

Theileria buffeli

Theileria equi (formerly Babesia equi)

Theileria lestoquardi

Theileria lowenshuni

Theileria mutans

Theileria orientalis

Theileria parva

Theileria sergenti

Theileria uilenbergi

Toxoplasma gondii

Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGE)

Treponema denticola

Treponema phagedenis

Treponema vincentii

Trichinella britovi

Trichinella murrelli

Trichinella nativa

Trichinella papuae

Trichinella pseudospiralis

Trichinella spiralis

Trichomonas foetus

Trichomonas gallinae

Trichomonas stableri

Trichophyton equinum

Trichophyton mentagrophytes

Trichostongylus colubiformis

Trichostrongylus axei

Trichostrongylus rugatus

Trichostrongylus tenuis

Trichostrongylus vitrinus

Trichuris ovis

Trichuris suis

Tridontophorus tenuicollis

Tritrichomonas foetus

Truperella pyogenes

Trychophyton verrucosum

Trypanosoma brucei brucei

Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense

Trypanosoma congolense

Trypanosoma cruzi

Trypanosoma equiperdum (Dourine)

Trypanosoma evansi (Surra)

Trypanosoma simiae

Trypanosoma vivax

Tsetse fly (glossina)

Turkey astrovirus (Poultry enteritis and mortality syndrome)

Turkey enteritis coronavirus (Bluecomb disease)

Ureaplasma diversum

Vaccinia virus

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (only the excluded select agent*)

Vesicular exanthema of swine virus (VESV)

Vesicular stomatitis virus (Indiana or NJ strain)

Vesicular stomatitis virus (strains exotic to US)

Volepox virus

Wesselsbron virus

West Nile virus

Western equine encephalitis virus

Yaba monkey tumor virus

Yersinia enterocolytica

Yersinia pseudotubercuolosis

Yersinia vaccine strain

* Select agents are regulated by the Federal Select Agent Program
** There may be both pathogenic and nonpathogenic species to livestock/poultry within this genus
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