As part of Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) efforts to eradicate and control foreign animal diseases, emerging diseases, and program diseases as authorized by title 9, Code of Federal Regulations (9 CFR), APHIS provides indemnity and compensation to producers to remove animals APHIS classifies as affected, suspect, or exposed to diseases of concern, and to eliminate dangerous viruses from the environment.
USDA used nationally recognized data sources to estimate commercial indemnity values for 2022. These estimates are based on observable market transactions available from the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), and the Livestock Marketing Information Center (LMIC).
When a poultry facility becomes infected with avian influenza or another animal disease deemed high impact/high consequence by the Secretary of Agriculture, virus elimination is a crucial step in the recovery process. The cleaning and disinfection practices used to achieve virus elimination should be cost effective (APHIS Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Red Book).