National Veterinary Stockpile

Last Modified: March 30, 2024

The mission of the National Veterinary Stockpile (NVS) is to provide the veterinary countermeasures—animal vaccines, antivirals, or therapeutic products, supplies, equipment, and response support services—that States, Tribes, and Territories need to respond to damaging animal disease outbreaks.


Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9 established the NVS in 2004 to protect the Nation's food supply by maintaining sufficient amounts of countermeasures capable of deployment against the most damaging animal diseases within 24 hours. The directive reflected the national concern that terrorists could simultaneously release animal diseases of catastrophic proportions that would quickly deplete available resources within the State, Tribe, or Territory and overwhelm the private sector's ability to support such a disaster.


  • Deploy within 24 hours of approval countermeasures against the most damaging animal diseases, including highly pathogenic avian influenza, foot-and- mouth disease, virulent Newcastle disease, and classical swine fever
  • Assist States, Tribes, and Territories to plan, train, and exercise for the rapid request, receipt, processing, and distribution of NVS countermeasures during an event

 View the NVS Overview to learn more

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This information is for Federal, State, Tribe, and Territory planners who need to access information for the NVS. Our restricted website (see link above) is available for officials engaged in NVS planning and preparedness activities. The website for NVS planners contains sensitive information (such as after action reports/improvement plans; planning tools; examples of State, Tribe, and Territory NVS plans; questions and answers; and the NVS Logistics Catalog) to assist in developing and maintaining a State NVS plan. 

If you're an NVS planner and wish to access the NVS planners' website, email a request to The NVS staff will respond promptly.

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National Veterinary Stockpile

For emergencies:

VS Surveillance, Preparedness, and Response Services 24/7 Emergency Hotline