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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDA FAQ's and resources about coronavirus (COVID-19).  LEARN MORE

Oriental Fruit Fly

The Oriental fruit fly is a threat to many fruits and vegetables. Don't move non-inspected fruit and vegetables.

The Oriental Fruit Fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) is a destructive agricultural pest in many parts of the world. It is a tropical species that is widespread through much of the mainland of Southern Asia, neighboring islands, and in Africa. Oriental fruit fly was first found in Hawaii in the mid-1940s. It was found on the U.S. mainland in Florida in 2002 and 2015. It is known to attack more than 400 fruits and vegetables, including apricots, cherries, citrus, figs, peaches, pears, plums and tomatoes.

Oriental fruit flies attack more than 400 types of fruits and vegetables. The host list includes:

  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Bell pepper
  • Cactus
  • Cashew
  • Cherry
  • Chili
  • Cucumber
  • Date palm
  • Fig
  • Grape
  • Grapefruit
  • Guava
  • Lemon
  • Lime (Persian, sour and sweet)
  • Mandarin
  • Mango
  • Nectarine
  • Orange
  • Papaya
  • Peach
  • Pear
  • Persimmon
  • Plum
  • Pomegranate
  • Tangerine
  • Tomato
Walnut (California black and English)

  • Fresh produce, fruit and vegetables brought into California without inspection.
  • Visible adult flies: somewhat larger than a house fly, the body color is variable but generally bright yellow with a dark "T" shaped marking on the abdomen. The wings are clear. The female has a pointed slender ovipositor to deposit eggs under the skin of host fruit.

  • Visible larvae within infested fruit: legless, white to yellowish-white, and grow to a length of 0.4 (or 2/5) inches inside the host fruit
  • Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, plants into your state or another state unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them first.
  • When returning from international travel, declare all agricultural products to U.S. customs officials.
    Learn more at
  • Never remove fresh produce from your property if your area is under Oriental fruit fly quarantine.
  • Cooperate with all quarantine restrictions or rules that might be imposed.
  • Allow authorized agricultural workers access to property to install and inspect insect-monitoring traps.
  • Know and follow the quarantines in your area and learn to leave Hungry Pests behind


What's at Risk from the Oriental Fruit Fly:

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