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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
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Mediterranean Fruit Fly

The Mediterranean fruit fly is a threat to many fruits and vegetables. Don't move non-inspected fruit and vegetables

The Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata or Medfly) is considered the most important agricultural pest in the world. The Medfly has spread throughout the Mediterranean region, southern Europe, the Middle East, Western Australia, South and Central America and Hawaii. The first of numerous U.S. mainland infestations occurred in Florida in 1929. It has been recorded infesting a wide range of commercial and garden fruits, nuts and vegetables, including apple, avocado, bell pepper, citrus, melon, peach, plum and tomato.

  • The Mediterranean fruit fly is currently found in Hawaii.

  • California, Florida and Texas are at high risk for the Mediterranean fruit fly.

  • See Pest Tracker for details

The Medfly can infest hundreds of varieties of fruits, vegetables and nuts. The host list includes:

  • Almond with husk
  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Avocado
  • Bell pepper
  • Cherry
  • Citrus
  • Coffee
  • Eggplant
  • Fig
  • Grape
  • Grapefruit
  • Kiwi
  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Mango
  • Nectarine
  • Olive
  • Papaya
  • Peach
  • Pear
  • Persimmon
  • Plum
  • Pomegranate
  • Tangerine
  • Tomato
  • Walnut
  • Fallen fruit with early decay

  • Visible adult flies: a blackish thorax marked with silver, a tan abdomen with darker stripes and clear wings with light brown bands and gray flecks

  • Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, plants into your state or another state unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them first.

  • When returning from international travel, declare all agricultural products to U.S. customs officials. Learn more at

  • Never remove fresh produce from your property if your area is under MFF quarantine.

  • Cooperate with all quarantine restrictions or rules that might be imposed.

  • Allow authorized agricultural workers access to property to install and inspect insect-monitoring traps.

  • Know the quarantines in your area and learn to leave Hungry Pests behind.

Fresh produce, fruit and vegetables brought into the U.S. without inspection


What's at Risk from the Mediterranean Fruit Fly:

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