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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
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Cervids (Farmed, Semen and Embroyos)

photos of moose, deer, and elk

USDA APHIS regulates the importation of all ruminants and their germplasm (embryos/oocytes, semen, cloning tissue) to prevent the spread of animal diseases. Ruminants include all animals which chew the cud, such as cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, deer, antelopes, camels, llamas and giraffes.

Farmed Cervids (Elk, Deer, Caribou, Reindeer, Moose)

Note: farmed cervids and their germplasm may only be imported from the countries listed on this page


Farmed Cervid Semen

Australia (protocol is being updated); a permit and export health certificate are required.


  • A permit is not required to import cervid semen from Canada transported by land; an export health certificate must accompany the shipment and the port of entry into the United States must be notified at least three days in advance (link to port information).

New Zealand (protocol is being updated)

Farmed Cervid Embryos

Australia (protocol is being updated); a permit and export health certificate are required

New Zealand (protocol is being updated)

What You Need to Know

  • U.S. transits are classified as shipments presented to a U.S. port of entry for conveyance purposes to then be transported to a destination country shortly after.
  • Please note that any animals and their germplasm transiting the US must not transit countries with questionable disease statuses prior to reaching a U.S. port of entry.
  • All transits require a contingency plan. Please submit your contingency plan with your permit application (VS 17-129) on the E-permits website or via email at

To submit an import permit electronically, please visit APHIS eFile.

If you are applying to import live animals, semen and embryos, you may submit applications by email to

Contact Us

Live Animal Import/Export and Permitting
USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services
4700 River Road Unit 39
Riverdale, MD 20737
Phone: 301.851.3300 Option 2

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