Sheep and Goat Identification

Sheep and Goat Identification

In addition to listing an animal’s age, gender, and breed, use one of the following identification methods. (See fig. 10 for a depiction of sheep dentition, table 7 for information on tooth eruption in sheep, and tables 8a and 8b for lists of goat breeds and sheep breeds.)

  • Official sheep and goat eartags

    • Serial number tags are issued to accredited veterinarians for use in completing CVIs or test charts when the animal is not already officially identified and the owner does not have official eartags to use.
    • Call 1-866-USDA-TAG to request free official sheep and goat serial eartags. Accredited veterinarians may alternatively elect to purchase official RFID “840” sheep and goat tags for these purposes directly from an approved tag manufacturer.
    • Flock owners likewise may request free official flock ID tags by calling the same number or may purchase official flock ID or “840” sheep and goat tags from an approved tag manufacturer. Flock ID tags are imprinted with the flock ID number and an individual animal number.

  • Legible registration tattoo when the animal is accompanied by a copy of the registration certificate in the current owner’s name, or if not in the current owner’s name a copy of the registration certificate and a completed transfer of ownership form dated within 30 days of the movement or if not in the current owner’s name a copy of the registration certificate and a completed transfer of ownership form dated within 30 days of the movement or a CVI listing the registry, the tattoo number and flock of origin owner name and address and current owner name and address if different.

  • Electronic implantable devices (EID) when the animal is accompanied by a reader and copy of the registration certificate, that includes the EID number, that is in the current owner’s name, or if not in the current owner’s name a copy of the registration certificate and a completed transfer of ownership form dated within 30 days of the movement or a CVI listing the registry, EID number and flock of origin owner name and address and current owner name and address if different or in the case of SFCP animals moving without change of ownership or to another SFCP flock, the EID number and flock of origin owner name and address and current flock ID, owner name and address if different.

  • Legible Flock ID tattoos composed of the Flock Identification Number assigned by APHIS and an individual animal number unique within the flock. (To get a Flock ID assigned flock owners can call 1-866-USDA-TAG)

  • See 9 CFR parts 79.2 and 79.3 for exemptions or other options.


NOTE:
Anyone who applies official identification must maintain records. For detailed information refer to the Scrapie Eradication Uniform Methods and Rules, Part III.B.2 at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/animal_diseases/scrapie/downloads/umr_scrapie.pdf

(For additional information, call1-866-USDA-TAG or contact your local APHIS –VS District Office.)

Table 7 – Eruption and replacement of teeth in sheep 

Teeth

Teeth Time of eruption1

Teeth

time of replacement1

Di /1

Before birth—up to 8 days

I /1

12–18 months

Di /2

Before birth

I /2

21–24 months

Di /3

Before birth

I /3

27–36 months

Di /4

Birth—up to 8 days

I /4

36 – 48 months

Dp 2/2

Before birth—up to 4 weeks

P 2/2

21–24 months

Dp 3/3

Before birth—up to 4 weeks

P 3/3

21–24 months

Dp 4/4

Before birth—up to 4 weeks

P 4/4

21–24 months

M 1/1

3 months

 

 

M 2/2

9 months

 

 

M 3/3

18 months

 

 

1 The lower figures are for early-maturing breeds; the higher figures are for late-maturing breeds. Adapted from: Schummer, August; Nickel, Richard; Sack, Wolfgang Otto. 1979. The viscera of the domestic mammals, second ed. New York: Springer–Verlag.

 


Table 8a Sheep Breed Code

 

 

CODE

DESCRIPTION,SPECIES

CODE

DESCRIPTION,SPECIES

AB

American Blackbelly Sheep,OVI

LI

Lincoln,OVI

BD

Babydoll Sheep,OVI

ME

Merino,OVI

BB

Barbados Blackbelly,OVI

SM

Miniature Southdown,OVI

BW

Black Welsh Mountain,OVI

MT

Montadale,OVI

BF

Black-faced,OVI

MF

Mottle-faced,OVI

HL

Bluefaced Leicester,OVI

ML

Mule Sheep,OVI

BM

Booroola Merino,OVI

MU

Multiple Breeds Present,OVI

BC

Border Cheviot,OVI

NC

N. Country Cheviot,OVI

BL

Border Leicester, OVI

NT

Natural Colored, OVI

CD

California Red,OVI

NA

Navajo-Churro,OVI

CM

California Variegated Mutant,OVI

NS

Not Specified,OVI

CA

Canadian Arcott,OVI

OX

Oxford,OVI

CH

Charolais,OVI

PA

Panama,OVI

CV

Cheviot,OVI

PE

Perendale,OVI

CF

Clun Forest,OVI

DP

Polled Dorset,OVI

CO

Columbia ,OVI

PO

Polypay,OVI

CP

Coopworth,OVI

RA

Rambouillet,OVI

CS

Cormo,OVI

RN

Romanov,OVI

CR

Corriedale,OVI

RM

Romnelet,OVI

CT

Cotswold,OVI

RO

Romney,OVI

DE

Debouillet,OVI

RL

Royal White,OVI

DM

Delaine-Merino,OVI

SB

Scottish Blackface,OVI

DR

Dorper,OVI

SH

Shetland,OVI

DO

Dorset,OVI

SR

Shropshire,OVI

EF

Eastern Friesian,OVI

SO

Soay/British Soay,OVI

 

FN

 

Finnish Landrace (Finn),OVI

 

OS

"Solid face color, not

black",OVI

GL

Gotland,OVI

ST

Southdown,OVI

GC

Gulf Coast (FL or LA Native),OVI

SC

St Croix,OVI

HR

"Hairsheep, crossbred",OVI

SU

Suffolk ,OVI

HA

Hampshire,OVI

TA

Targhee,OVI

HE

Herdwick,OVI

TS

Teeswater,OVI

DH

Horned Dorset,OVI

TE

Texel,OVI

IC

Icelandic,OVI

TU

Tunis,OVI

IF

Ile De France,OVI

UK

Unknown,OVI

JE

Jacob,OVI

WE

Wensleydale,OVI

KA

Karakul,OVI

WD

White Dorper,OVI

KT

Katahdin,OVI

WF

White-faced ,OVI

LE

Leicester,OVI

WH

Wiltshire Horn,OVI


Table 8b Goat Breed Code Table

BREED

Goat Breed Code Table

BREED

 

CODE

DESCRIPTION,SPECIES

CODE

DESCRIPTION,SPECIES

AG

Angora,CAP

ND

Nigerian Dwarf,CAP

AL

Alpine,CAP

NS

Not Specified,CAP

BO

Boer,CAP

NU

Nubian,CAP

CS

Cashmere,CAP

OB

Oberhasli,CAP

DR

Dairy-type crossbred,CAP

PG

Pygora,CAP

FI

Fiber-type crossbred,CAP

PY

Pygmy,CAP

FI

Fiber-type crossbred,CAP

PY

Pygmy,CAP

GG

Golden Guernsey,CAP

SA

Saanen,CAP

KI

Kiko,CAP

SB

Sable,CAP

LN

La Mancha,CAP

SP

Spanish,CAP

MT

Meat-type crossbred,CAP

SV

Savannah,CAP

MU

Multiple Breeds Present,CAP

TO

Toggenburg,CAP

MY

Myotonic,CAP

UK

Unknown,CAP



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