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The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) plays a vital role in ensuring the free flow of agricultural trade. APHIS' efforts include keeping U.S. agricultural industries free from pests and diseases and certifying that the millions of U.S. agricultural and food products shipped to markets abroad meet the importing countries' entry requirements. APHIS makes sure that all imported agricultural products shipped to the United States from abroad meet the Agency's entry requirements to exclude pests and diseases of agriculture.

APHIS also keeps export markets open for American agricultural products by working to eliminate unjustified sanitary or phytosanitary (SPS) barriers - that is, concerns involving plant and animal health - raised by U.S. trading partners. APHIS' team of technical experts, based in the United States and abroad, includes scientists, veterinarians, pathologists, and entomologists that advocate on behalf of U.S. agriculture. They build relationships with their agricultural health and regulatory counterparts in other countries and use scientific principles to make the case for American agricultural exports, explaining to foreign officials why U.S. commodities are safe to import. In fiscal year (FY) 2011, APHIS played a direct role in opening new markets and retaining and expanding existing market access for U.S. agricultural products valued at $1.68 billion.

APHIS works closely with its partners at USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) and the office of the U.S. Trade Representative to maintain a coordinated, strategic approach to resolving SPS trade-barrier issues and other trade policy challenges facing the Agency. In addition, APHIS personnel play leadership roles within international standard-setting organizations, such as the World Organization for Animal Health and the International Plant Protection Convention, that develop science-based standards for the safe trade in agricultural products between countries.

APHIS also helps to resolve urgent problems involving U.S. shipments detained at foreign ports of entry. APHIS personnel stationed in countries overseas work closely with their foreign counterparts in such situations to answer their questions, provide requested information, and hopefully negotiate a favorable outcome for the U.S. exporter. In FY11, APHIS successfully obtained the release over 300 individual shipments of U.S. agricultural products, worth more than $90 million.

APHIS is committed to removing trade barriers related to animal and plant health concerns, protecting and expanding existing markets, and opening new market access for U.S. agricultural exports. See below for more information on the outcomes of APHIS' efforts on behalf of exporters in FY2012 or click on the links to the right to learn more about the services APHIS provides for agricultural exporters.


Jan 26, 2015 Statement from Secretary Vilsack on Expanded Market Access for U.S. Grown Apples to China; Agreement expected to boost apple exports by $100 million per year

Aug 22, 2014  USDA Reopens Chinese Market Access for California Citrus


APHIS Trade Twitter Feed

November 24, 2015 APHIS reopens market for largest CA county to send citrus to China. Market valued at $25 million per year.

November 16, 2015 APHIS facilitates export to Mexico of US inedible bovine offal intended for pet foods. Market valued at an estimated 5 million per year.

November 10, 2015 APHIS reaches agreement with Ukraine to expand market access for US beef exports. Market expansion is an estimated $1-2 million per year.

October 26, 2015 APHIS expands exports of various animal products, such as fishing bait and game trophies, to Romania. Market valued at $10 million per year

October 23, 2015 APHIS expands exports of various animal products to Bulgaria and Slovenia. Market valued at $10 million/year for both

October 19, 2015 India waives fumigation upon arrival for US chickpeas. Waiver already granted to US peas and pulses, a market valued at $85 million in FY14

August 10, 2015 APHIS works with Peru to finalize conditions for US cattle exports to Peru, worth a projected $10 million for its first year.

July 30, 2015 Requirements for Oregon blueberries to Korea modified to facilitate exports. US blueberries to Korea worth an estimated $2.5 million in FY14

July 29, 2015 APHIS gains market access for bovine embryos to Korea, worth an estimated $1 million per year by U.S. exporters


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APHIS Trade Blogs

April 9, 2013 New Export Markets, New Opportunities for Rural America

Mar 15, 2013 USA Pears Enter the Chinese Market for the First Time
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May 31, 2012 APHIS works to reopen Chinese export market for Virginia and South Carolina logs

April 2, 2012 Removing Barriers to Trade Benefits Our Farmers, Businesses


Please submit your written comments about the current challenges and new approaches for agricultural trade to Trade.Comments@aphis.usda.gov.

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