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Wildlife Damage Management
USDA - APHIS - Wildlife Damage

National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC)


Repellents in Wildlife Management Symposium
Table of Contents

Symposium papers are available in PDF format. If you do not have a
copy of the Adobe Acrobat reader, download a free copy.


Chemical Signals and Repellency: Problems and Prognosis
Gary K. Beauchamp



Repellents: Integrating Sensory Modalities
Michael L. Avery

Peripheral Trigeminal Neural Processes Involved in Repellency
Bruce P. Bryant 

Behavioral Principles Governing Conditioned Food Aversions Based on Deception
Michael R. Conover 

Cinnamamide: A Nonlethal Chemical Repellent for Birds and Mammals
Elaine L. Gill, Richard W. Watkins, Joanne E. Gurney, Julie D. Bishop, Chris J. Feare, Clare B. Scanlon, and David P. Cowan 

Dilution and Detoxication Costs: Relevance to Avian Herbivore Food Selection
Walter J. Jakubas, Christopher G. Guglielmo, and William H. Karasov 

The Role of Analytical Chemistry in Repellent Research
Bruce A. Kimball, Dale L. Nolte, Kevin L. Kelly, and John J. Johnston. 

Origins of Food Preference in Herbivores
Frederick D. Provenza 

The Chemistry of Plant/Animal Interactions
Paul B. Reichardt 

Recent Studies on Flavor Aversion Learning in Wildlife Damage Management
Russell F. Reidinger, Jr. 



Experiments on Chemical Control of Behavior in Brown Tree Snakes
David Chiszar, Gordon H. Rodda, and Hobart M. Smith 

Responsiveness of Brown Tree Snakes to Odors
Larry Clark 


Repellency of Plant, Natural Products, and Predator Odors to Woodchucks
N. Jay Bean, Wyatt L. Korff, and J. Russell Mason 

Comparative Analysis of Deer Repellents
Abderrahim El Hani, and Michael R. Conover 

Behavioral Responses to Pine-Needle Oil in the Northern Pocket Gopher
Gisela Epple, Dale L. Nolte, J. Russell Mason, Eugeny Aronov, and Shirley Wager-Pagé 

Effectiveness of Capsaicin as a Repellent to Birdseed Consumption by Gray Squirrels
Christopher S. Fitzgerald, Paul D. Curtis, Milo E. Richmond, and Joseph A. Dunn 

Norway Rats' Communication About Foods and Feeding Sites
Bennett G. Galef, Jr. 

In-Water Electroshock Techniques to Repel Aquatic Mammals and Birds
A. Lawrence Kolz, and Richard E. Johnson 

Review of Synthetic Predator Odor Semiochemicals as Repellents for Wildlife Management in the Pacific Northwest Pontus
M. F. Lindgren, Thomas P. Sullivan, and Douglas R. Crump 

(PDF; 1,628 KB)

Reducing Deer Damage to Woody and Herbaceous Plants
James A. Lutz, and Bert T. Swanson 

Predator Odors as Repellents to Brushtail Possums and Rabbits
David R. Morgan, and Anthony D. Woolhouse 

Electronic Rodent Repellent Devices: A Review of Efficacy Test Protocols and Regulatory Actions
Stephen A. Shumake 

Repellency of Predator Urine to Woodchucks and Meadow Voles
Robert K. Swihart, Mary Jane I. Mattina, and Joseph J. Pignatello 

Repellency of Mongoose Feces and Urine to Rats (Rattus spp.)
Mark E. Tobin, Ann E. Koehler, Robert T. Sugihara, and Michael E. Burwash 

The Role of Sensory Cues and Feeding Context in the Mediation of Pine-Needle Oil's Repellency in Prairie Voles
Shirley A. Wager-Pagé, J. Russell Mason, Eugeny Aronov, and Gisela Epple

Effectiveness of Varpel Rope on Norway Rats and House Mice in Laboratory and Field Conditions
J. D. Wilhide, and M. D. Fletcher 

Repellent Trials to Reduce Reforestation Damage by Pocket Gophers, Deer, and Elk
Gary W. Witmer, Rodney D. Sayler, and Michael J. Pipas 



Grit-Use Behavior in Birds: A Review of Research to Develop Safer Granular Pesticides
Louis B. Best

A Review of the Bird Repellent Effects of 117 Carbocyclic Compounds
Larry Clark

Sucrose as a Feeding Deterrent for Fruit-Eating Birds
Carlos Martínez del Rio, Michael L. Avery, and Kristin E. Brugger 

Avian Repellents: Options, Modes of Action, and Economic Considerations
J. Russell Mason, and Larry Clark 

A Preliminary Evaluation of Three Food Flavoring Compounds as Bird Repellents
Richard E. R. Porter 

Bird Deterrent Research and Development: Marine Oil Spills
Timothy J. Reilly 

An Integrated Strategy to Decrease Eared Dove Damage in Sunflower Crops
Ethel N. Rodriguez, Richard L. Bruggers, Roger W. Bullard, and Robert Cook 

Regulatory Issues, Product Development, Public Support


Review of Regulatory-Imposed Marketing Constraints to Repellent Development
Judith M. Hushon 

The Public is Attracted by the Use of Repellents
Cathy A. Liss  



Last Modified: June 27, 2007