Species Affected

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services has listed the following fish as VHS-susceptible species. This is based on species that 1) have been found in freshwater locations in the U.S. and/or Canada, 2) have been found to be infected by VHS virus under natural (i.e., non-experimental) conditions of exposure, and 3) have had VHS virus isolated by cell culture, and molecular diagnostic confirmation. The interstate movement of these species is also regulated by the USDA APHIS.

VHS Susceptible Species List (September 9, 2008)


Black Crappie Black crappie
Pomoxis nigromaculatus
Bluegill Bluegill
Lepomis macrochirus
Bluntnose minnow Bluntnose minnow
Pimephales notatus
Brown Bullhead Brown bullhead
Ictalurus nebulosus
Brown Trout Brown trout
Salmo trutta
Burbot Burbot
Lota lota
Channel Catfish Channel catfish
Ictalurus punctatus
Chinook salmon Chinook salmon
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Emerald shiner Emerald shiner
Notropis atherinoides
Freshwater Drum Freshwater drum
Aplodinotus grunniens
Gizzard Shad Gizzard shad
Dorosoma cepedianum
Lake whitefish Lake whitefish
Coregonus clupeaformis
Largemouth Bass Largemouth bass
Micropterus salmoides
Muskellunge Muskellunge
Esox masquinongy
Northern Pike Northern pike
Esox lucius
Pumpkinseed Pumpkinseed
Lepomis gibbosus
Rainbow Trout Rainbow trout
Onchorhynchus mykiss
Rock bass Rock bass
Ambloplites rupestris
Round Goby Round goby
Neogobius melanostomus
Shorthead redhorse Shorthead redhorse
Moxostoma macrolepidotum
Silver redhorse Silver redhorse
Moxostoma anisurum
Smallmouth Bass Smallmouth bass
Micropterus dolomieu
Spottail shiner Spottail shiner
Notropis hudsonius
Trout perch Trout-Perch
Percopsis omiscomaycus
Walleye Walleye
Sander vitreus
White Bass White bass
Morone chrysops
White Perch White perch
Morone americana
Yellow Perch Yellow perch
Perca flavescens

Images used with permission from: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Digital Library System, Kraft CE, Carlson DM, Carlson M. 2006. Inland Fishes of New York (online), version 4.0. Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Ted Walke, Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission.