One of the best things you can do as a producer to help prevent disease is to follow good biosecurity practices. Biosecurity involves a few basic steps:
- Prevent entry of infected fish or contaminated water. This means you should purchase fish stock from reputable sources. If you are using surface waters, be certain to screen the intake flows.
- Remove dead or sick fish as soon as possible.
- Clean and disinfect equipment and fish transport vehicles. This includes buckets, nets and footwear. Use disinfectant to clean items, rinse and allow them to thoroughly dry before reuse. Use infection control measures, such as foot dips and frequent hand washing, after contact with fish or fish production areas.
- Do not share equipment between sites or areas of the farm. Have dedicated equipment for lots of fish or clean and disinfect equipment between lots.
- Fish preying birds pose low risk, but may carry infected fish between water sources.