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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
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False Codling Moth

The false codling moth is a threat to our fruits and crops. Don't move non-inspected fruit and vegetables.

The False Codling Moth (Thaumatotibia leucotreta or FCM) is a threat to many of our fruits, vegetables and other crops. Increased international trade and tourism has increased the risk of introduction of this pest. False Codling Moth can survive in climates described as tropical, dry or temperate. The first United States detection of False Codling Moth was in Ventura County, Calif., in 2008. It is estimated that approximately 20 percent of the continental United States may be suitable habitat for FCM.

The false codling moth feeds on more than 100 host plants, fruit trees, field crops and other plants. Host plants include:

  • Apricot
  • Avocado
  • Banana
  • Cacao
  • Cherry (all varieties)
  • Citrus
  • Coffee
  • Cotton
  • Corn
  • Eggplant
  • Grapefruit
  • Grape
  • Hibiscus
  • Lemon
  • Lima bean
  • Lime

  • Macadamia nut
  • Mango
  • Oak
  • Okra
  • Olive
  • Peach
  • Pepper
  • Persimmon
  • Plum
  • Pomegranate
  • Prune
  • Tea
  • Tomato
  • Walnut

  • Fresh produce
  • Nursery stock
  • Biodegradable waste from plants and plant products
  • Conveyances such as trucks, railcars and vessels
  • Visible caterpillars: whitish and spotted, while mature ones are pinkish and 0.6 (or 3/5) inches in length
  • Visible adult moths: small, brownish-gray, nocturnal moths with an average wingspan of 0.6 (or 3/5) inches

  • Visible eggs on fruit and vegetables: whitish, flat and oval
  • Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, or plants into your state or another state unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them first.

  • Never remove fresh produce from your property if your area is under False Codling Moth quarantine.

  • Cooperate with all quarantine restrictions or rules that might be imposed.

  • Allow authorized agricultural workers access to property to install and inspect insect-monitoring traps.

  • Know the quarantines in your area and learn to leave Hungry Pests behind.


What's at Risk from the False Codling Moth:

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