European Cherry Fruit Fly
European cherry fruit fly is a threat to ripening cherry fruit.
Adult European cherry fruit fly (Biopix, S.D. Lund, www.biopix.com)
ECFF larva damage inside cherries. Credit: C. Daniel and J. Grunder NIH
ECFF cherry damage caused by larvae exit holes. Credit: R. Coutin OPIE
USDA employee hanging fly trap and close up of trap.
The European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.) is the most serious pest of cherries. Damage associated with this pest is caused by larval feeding in the fruit pulp, which can result in losses of up to 100% if left uncontrolled. This pest may be introduced to new areas through the transport of infested fresh cherries, soil, or fruit from host plants grown in areas where this pest is found. In 2016, Canada confirmed this pest on wild honeysuckle at several sites in Ontario. In 2017, the APHIS found European cherry fruit fly on traps hung in wild honeysuckle plants and sweet cherry trees along the Niagara River in New York. This was the first U.S. detection of European cherry fruit fly.
If European cherry fruit fly becomes established in the New York and spreads to other parts of the country, it could threaten commercial cherry production along the Pacific Coast (California, Oregon and Washington), and in the Northeast (Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania), and in several Western and Central States (Colorado, Michigan, New Mexico and Utah), and affect U.S. cherry production.
If you have questions, please call 1-800-249-2363 or email PPQ.ECFF@aphis.usda.gov.
- If you travel to Canada, be advised that you may not bring cherries from Ontario into the United States
- Never remove fresh produce from your property if your area is under European cherry fruit fly quarantine.
- Cooperate with all quarantine restrictions or rules that might be imposed for this pest
- Please cooperate with agricultural workers who may be in your area surveying for the pest. In areas where the pest has been found, agricultural workers may request approval from the property owner to apply treatment to prevent the spread.
- Allow authorized agricultural works to apply treatments, if required, to the host plants and the soil.
- Know the quarantines in your area and learn to leave Hungry Pests behind
- Use the Pest Tracker to report any sightings of this pest, call 1-800-249-2363, or
- Larvae-infested fruit may have dark soft spots or appear wilted or shriveled
- As mature larvae emerge from the fruit, they may leave behind visible exit holes
- Visible adult flies are mostly black with yellow to orange heads, and a large yellow dot is visible on their back.
The presence of this pest in Canada was confirmed for the first time in June 2016 in an urban park located in Mississauga, Ontario. This is the first record of this fly in North America.
- black cherries
- common barberry
- common dogwood
- common snowberry
- holly barberry
- mahaleb cherries
- sweet cherries
- tart/sour cherries
- The European cherry fruit fly has been detected in Niagara and Erie Counties, and portions of Orleans County in New York; found in parts of Ontario, Canada
- The cherry producing States are at risk for European cherry fruit fly, these include: California, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, and Washington.
- See Pest Tracker for details
What's at Risk from the European Cherry Fruit Fly: