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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
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Animal and Plant Diseases and Pests of Concern

Based on our years of experience and the latest science, APHIS developed a list of 59 pests and diseases that could pose a significant risk to U.S. food and agriculture resources. The list is not meant to be all-encompassing, but rather focus on the most impactful pests and diseases. Our goal remains to keep the U.S. free of these foreign pests and diseases.

The list does not limit our ability to respond to pests and diseases. APHIS will continue to respond to new detections of known or emerging pests and diseases appropriately in order to protect U.S. agriculture.

Common Name

Scientific Name/Causative Agent

African swine fever

African swine fever virus

Classical swine fever

classical swine fever virus

Foot-and-mouth disease

foot-and-mouth disease virus

Highly pathogenic avian influenza

avian influenza virus

Low pathogenicity avian influenza (H5 and H7 subtypes)

avian influenza virus

New World screwworm

Cochliomyia hominivorax

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever virus

Virulent Newcastle disease

Newcastle disease virus

Common Name

Scientific Name/Causative Agent

Alder root and collar rot

Phytophthora alni

Almond witches' broom

Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium 16SrIX-B

Apple proliferation

Candidatus Phytoplasma mali 16SrX-A

Ash dieback

Hymenoscyphus fraxineus

Asiatic rice borer

Chilo suppressalis

Australian grapevine yellows

Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense 16SrXII-B

Bacterial blight

Xanthomonas oryzaepv. oryzae

Bacterial leaf streak

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola

Bacterial wilt

Ralstonia solanacearum race 3 biovar 2

Beech bleeding canker

Phytophthora kernoviae

Black maize beetle

Heteronychus arator

Bois noir; Stolbur

Candidatus Phytoplasma solani 16SrXII-A

Christmas berry webworm

Cryptoblabes gnidiella

Citrus longhorned beetle

Anoplophora chinensis

Coconut cadang-cadang (CCCVd)

Cocadviroid Coconut cadang-cadang viroid

Cotton cutworm

Spodoptera litura

Cotton seed bug

Oxycarenus hyalinipennis

Cucumber green mottle mosaic (CGMMV)

Tobamovirus Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus

Cucurbit beetle

Diabrotica speciosa

European stone fruit yellows

Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum 16SrX-F

False codling moth

Thaumatotibia leucotreta

Flavescence dorée

Candidatus Phytoplasma vitis 16SrV-C

Groundnut bud necrosis (GBNV)

Orthotospovirus Groundnut bud necrosis virus

Guatemalan potato moth

Tecia solanivora

Japanese oak wilt

Raffaelea quercivora

Japanese wax scale

Ceroplastes japonicus

Java downy mildew

Peronosclerospora maydis

Khapra beetle

Trogoderma granarium

Late wilt of corn

Magnaporthiopsis maydis

Masson pine moth

Dendrolimus punctatus

No common name, an ambrosia beetle

Megaplatypus mutatus

Oak ambrosia beetle

Platypus quercivorus

Oak processionary moth

Thaumetopoea processionea

Oak splendour beetle

Agrilus biguttatus

Old world bollworm

Helicoverpa armigera

Palm lethal yellowing

Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae 16Sr-IV

Philippine downy mildew

Peronosclerospora philippinensis

Pine processionary moth

Thaumetopoea pityocampa

Pine-tree lappet

Dendrolimus pini

Potato wart

Synchytrium endobioticum

Red ring nematode

Bursaphelenchus cocophilus


Pseudopezicula tracheiphila

Scots pine blister rust

Cronartium flaccidum

Siberian silk moth

Dendrolimus sibiricus

Silver Y moth

Autographa gamma

Small brown planthopper

Laodelphax striatellus

South American palm borer

Paysandisia archon

Sunn pest

Eurygaster integriceps

Tomato fruit borer

Neoleucinodes elegantalis

Tomato leafminer

Tuta absoluta

Wheat seed gall nematode

Anguina tritici

APHIS is seeking public feedback on the contents of this list. We will seek comments on a rolling basis, and there is no deadline for submission. If suggesting additions or changes, please provide references/documentation on how the pest/disease meets the definition of “likely to pose a significant risk to the food and agriculture critical infrastructure” in your response. APHIS intends to review the list of animal and plant pests and diseases of concern on an annual basis and update the list as appropriate. APHIS reserves the right to update the list more frequently, as needed. 

Send your suggestions for additions or changes to

Emergency Response Plans

APHIS already invested significant time and effort into developing response plans. We will continue this ongoing work, including regular reviews and exercises, to ensure our plans remain up-to-date, understood and ready to use.

Frequently Asked Questions

Clarifications for Stakeholders – Farm Bill Section 12203

Additional Information

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