Gilbert, Amy

Dr. Amy Gilbert


  Dr. Amy Turmelle Gilbert
Research Biologist, Rabies Project Leader


Dr. Gilbert is a disease ecologist interested in the maintenance and spillover of wildlife diseases, with a focus on rabies. She earned a Ph.D. in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee studying rabies virus ecology in North American bats. She was a guest researcher and postdoctoral fellow with the Rabies Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for seven years, where she conducted studies on rabies pathogenesis in bats and both led and participated in international field projects focused on enhanced lyssavirus surveillance and pathogen discovery in bats, as well as human-animal interface studies for modeling rabies risk. Her current research focuses on ecology and spillover of rabies infections in wildlife, as well as experimental studies of novel rabies biologics and technologies to improve oral rabies vaccination of target wildlife, in efforts to improve disease management.

NWRC Research ProjectRabies in Free Ranging Wildlife

Current Research

  • Ecology and spillover of rabies infections in wildlife
  • Application of novel rabies biologics and technologies to improve vaccination of target wildlife
  • Human-animal interface and zoonotic disease risk
  • Emerging pathogens of bats


Ph.D., University of Tennessee
B.A., Boston University

International Experience:

Pathogen surveillance in bats and human knowledge-attitude-practice surveys in Mexico, Guatemala, Peru, Kenya, Uganda, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Thailand

Contact Information:

Recent Publications



Bai, Y., A. Gilbert, K. Fox, L. Osikowicz, and M. Kosoy. 2016. Bartonella rochalimae and B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii in wild carnivores from Colorado, USA. Journal of Wildlife  Diseases 52(4) Online.  doi: 10.7589/2016-01-015

Plowright, R.K., A.J. Peel, D.G. Streicker, A.T. Gilbert, H. McCallum, J. Wood, M.L. Baker, and O. Restif. 2016. Transmission or within-host dynamics driving pulses of zoonotic viruses in reservoir-host populations.  PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10(8): e0004796.  doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004796   


Gilbert, A.T., G.F. McCracken, L.L. Sheeler, L.I. Muller, D. O'Rourke, W.J. Kelch, and J.C. New, Jr. 2015. Rabies surveillance among bats in Tennessee, USA, 1996-2010. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51(4):821-832.  doi: 10.7589/2014-12-277

Berentsen, A.R., S.R. Johnson, A.T. Gilbert, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2015. Exposure to rabies in small Indian mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) from two regions in Puerto Rico. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 51(4):896-900.  doi:10.7589/2015-01-016

Luis, A.D., T.J. O'Shea, D.T.S. Hayman, J.L.N. Wood, A.A. Cunningham, A.T Gilbert, J.N. Mills, and C.T. Webb. 2015. Network analysis of host-virus communities in bats and rodents reveals determinants of cross-species transmission. Ecology Letters 18:1153-1162.  doi: 10.1111/ele.12491

Mortlock, M., I.V. Kuzmin, J. Weyer, A.T. Gilbert, B. Agwanda, C.E. Rupprecht, L.H. Nel, T. Kearney, J.M. Malekani, and W. Markotter. 2015. Novel Paramyxoviruses in bats from Sub-Saharan Africa, 2007-2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases 21(10):1840-1843.  doi: 10.3201/eid2110.140368

Moran, D., P. Juliao, D. Alvarez, K.A. Lindblade, J.A. Ellison, A.T. Gilbert, B. Petersen, C.Rupprecht, and S. Recuenco. 2015. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding rabies and exposure to bats in two rural communities in Guatemala. BMC Research Notes 8:955.  doi: 10.1186/s13104-014-0955-1

Gilbert, A., L. Greenberg, D. Moran, D. Alvarez, M. Alvarado, D.L. Garcia, and L. Peruski. 2015. Antibody response of cattle to vaccination with commercial modified live rabies vaccines in Guatemala.  Preventive Veterinary Medicine 118:36-44.  doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.10.011.


Gilbert, A., D. Kohler, T. Rigg, J. Fischer, T. Spraker, K. Fox, and K. VerCauteren. 2014. A recent epizootic of skunk rabies and associated spillover in northern Colorado, USA. Proceedings of the 26th Vertebrate Pest Conference 26:323-327.  

Wallace, R.M., A. Gilbert, D. Slate, R. Chipman, A. Singh, C. Wedd, and J.D. Blanton. 2014. Right place, wrong species: A 20-year review of rabies virus cross species transmission among terrestrial mammals in the United States. PLoS One 9(10):e107539.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107539.

Ellison, J.A., A.T. Gilbert, S.Recuenco, D. Moran, D.A. Alvarez, N.Kuzmina, D.L. Garcia, L.F. Peruski, M.T. Mendonca, K.A. Lindblade, and C.E. Rupprecht. 2014. Bat Rabies in Guatemala. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(7):e3070. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003070.

Kim, B.I., J.D. Blanton, A. Gilbert, L. Castrodale, K. Hueffer, D. Slate, and C.E. Rupprecht. 2014. A conceptual model for the impact of climate change on fox rabies in Alaska, 1980-2010. Zoonoses and Public Health 61:72-80. doi:10.1111/zph.12044.


Gilbert, A.T., A.R. Fooks, D.T.S. Hayman, D.L. Horton, T. Muller, R. Plowright, A.J. Peel, R. Bowen, J.L.N. Wood, J. Mills, A.A. Cunningham, and C.E. Rupprecht. 2013. Deciphering serology to understand the ecology of infectious diseases in wildlife. EcoHealth 10(3): 298-313. doi: 10.1007/s10393-013-0856-0.

Hayman, D.T.S., R.A. Bowen, P.M. Cryan, G.F. McCracken, TJ.. O’Shea, A.J. Peel, A.Gilbert, C.T. Webb, J.L.N. Wood. 2013. Ecology of zoonotic infectious diseases in bats: Current knowledge and future directions. Zoonoses and Public Health 60(1):2-21. doi: 10.1111/zph.12000.

Ellison, J.A., S. Johnson, N. Kuzmina, A. Gilbert, W. Carson, K. VerCauteren, C. Rupprecht.2013. Multidisciplinary approach to epizootiology and pathogenesis of bat rabies viruses in the United States. Zoonoses and Public Health 60:46-57. doi: 10.1111/zph.12019.

Kading, R.C., A.T. Gilbert, E.C. Mossel, M.B. Crabtree, I.V.Kuzmin, M. Niezgoda, B. Agwanda, W. Markotter, M.R. Weil, J.M. Montgomery, C.E. Rupprecht, and B.R. Miller. 2013. Isolation and molecular characterization of Fikirini rhabdovirus, a novel virus from a Kenyan bat. Journal of General Virology 94: 2393-2398. doi 10.1099/vir.0.053983-0.

Luis, A.D., D.T.S. Hayman, T.J O’Shea, P.M. Cryan, A.T. Gilbert, J.R.C. Pulliam, J.N. Mills, M.E.Timonin, C.K.R. Willis, A.A. Cunningham, A.R. Fooks, C.E. Rupprecht, J.L.N. Wood, and C.T. Webb. 2013. A comparison of bats and rodents as reservoirs of zoonotic viruses: Are bats special? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B. Biological Sciences 280: 20122753. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.2753

Quan, P., C. Firth, J.M. Conte, S.H. Williams, C.M. Zambrana-Torrelio, S.J. Anthony, J.A. Ellison, A.T. Gilbert, I.V. Kuzmin, M. Niezgoda, M.O.V. Osinubi, S. Recuenco, W. Markotter, R.F. Breiman, L. Kalemba, J. Malekani, K.A. Lindblade, M.K. Rostal, R. Ojeda-Flores, G. Suzan, L.B. Davis, D.M. Blau, A.B. Ogunkoya, D.A. Alvarez Castillo, D. Moran, S. Ngam, D. Akaibe, B. Agwanda, T. Briese, J.H. Epstein, P. Daszak, C.E. Rupprecht, E.C. Holmes, and W.I. Lipkin. 2013. Bats are a major natural reservoir for hepaciviruses and pegiviruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(20):8194-8199. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1303037110

Tao, Y., M. Shi, C. Conrardy, I.V. Kuzmin, S. Recuenco, B. Agwanda, D. A. Alvarez, J.A. Ellison, A.T. Gilbert, D. Moran, M. Niezgoda, K.A. Lindblade, E. C. Holmes, R.F. Breiman, C.E. Rupprecht, and S. Tong. 2013. Discovery of diverse polyomaviruses in bats and the evolutionary history of the Polyomaviridae. Journal of General Virology 94(4):738-748.  doi: 10.1099/vir.0.047928-0            

Tong, S., X. Zhu, Y.Li, M. Shi, J. Zhang, M. Bourgeois, H. Yang, X. Chen, S. Recuenco, J. Gomez, L. Chen, A. Johnson, Y. Tao, C.Dreyfus, W.Yu, R. McBride, P.J. Carney, A.T. Gilbert, J. Chang, Z. Guo, C.T. Davis, J.C. Paulson, J. Stevens, C.E. Rupprecht, E.C. Holmes, I.A. Wilson, and R.O. Donis. 2013. New world bats harbor diverse influenza A viruses. PLOS Pathogens 9(10): e1003657.


Bai, Y., S. Recuenco, A.T. Gilbert, L.M. Osikowicz, J. Gomez, C. Rupprecht, and M.Y. Kosey. 2012. Prevalence and diversity of Bartonella spp. In bats in Peru. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 87(3):518-523.  doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0097

Tong, S., Y. Li, P. Rivailler, C. Conrardy, et al. 2012. A distinct lineage of influenza A virus from bats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109:4269-74

Gilbert, A.T., B.W. Petersen, S. Recuenco, M. Niezgoda, J. Gomez, V.A. Laguna-Torres, and C. Rupprecht. 2012. Evidence of rabies virus exposure among humans in the Peruvian Amazon. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 87(2):206-215.  doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0689



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