Project Publications

Feral Swine Publications

Feral Swine Damage Control Strategies




Snow, N.P., M.A. Jarzyna, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2017. Interpreting and predicting the spread of invasive wild pigs. Journal of Applied Ecology.  doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12866


Fischer, J.W., D. McMurtry, C.R. Blass, W.D. Walter, J. Beringer, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2016. Effects of simulated removal activities on movements and space use of feral swine. European Journal of Wildlife Research 62:285.  doi: 10.1007/s10344-016-1000-6  

Keiter, D.A., F.L. Cunninghan, O.E. Rhodes, Jr., B.J. Irwin, and J.C. Beasley. 2016. Optimization of scat detection methods for a social ungulate, the wild pig, and experimental evaluation of factors affecting detection of scat. PLoS One 11(5): e0155615.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155615 

Pepin, K.M., A.J. Davis, J. Beasley, R. Boughton, T. Campbell, S.M. Cooper, W. Gaston, S. Hartley, J.C. Kilgo, S.M. Wisely, C. Wyckoff, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2016. Contact heterogeneities in feral swine: Implications for disease management and future research. Ecosphere 7(3):e01230.  doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1230  

Pepin, K.M. and K.C. VerCauteren. 2016. Disease-emergence dynamics and control in a socially-structured wildlife species. Scientific Reports 6:25150.  doi: 10.1038/srep25150  

Engeman, R.M., D. Addison, and J.C. Griffin. 2016. Defending against disparate marine turtle nest predators: nesting success benefits from eradicating invasive feral swine and caging nests from raccoons. Oryx 50(2):289-295.  doi: 10.1017/S0030605324000805  

Engeman, R., R. Cattaruzza, M. Cattaruzza, and J. Fischer. 2016. Photographic estimation of wild boar damage to alpine grazing pastures in the Carpathian Mountains of central Romania. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23(5):4949-4952.   doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-6051-4      

Bankovich, B., E. Boughton, R.Boughton, M.L. Avery, and S.M. Wisely. 2016. Plant community shifts caused by feral swine rooting devalue Florida rangeland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 220:45-54.  doi: 10.1016/jagee.2015.12.027

Snow, N.P., J.M. Halseth, M.J. Lavelle, T.E. Hanson, C.R. Blass, J.A. Foster, S.T. Humphrys, L.D. Staples, D.G. Hewitt, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2016. Bait preference of a free-ranging feral swine for delivery of a novel toxicant. PLoS One 11(1):e0146712.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146712  


Jones, K.C., B.K. Rincon, T.A. Gorman, C.A. Haas, and R.M. Engeman. 2015. Multi-trophic level feeding interactions among two native and two non-native species: Implications for the endangered Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander (Ambystoma bishopi). Collinsorum 4(3):6-7.  

Beasley, J., S.C. Webster, O.E. Rhodes Jr., and F.L. Cunningham. 2015. Evaluation of Rhodamine B as a biomarker for assessing bait acceptance in wild pigs. Wildlife Society Bulletin 39(1):188-192.  doi:  10.1002/wsb.510  

McClure, M.L., C.L Burdett, M.L. Farnsworth, M.W. Lutman, D.M. Theobald, P.D. Riggs, D.A. Grear, and R.S. Miller. 2015. Modeling and mapping the probability of occurrence of invasive wild pigs across the contiguous United States. PLoS One 10(8):e0133771.  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133771

Baroch, J.A., C.A. Gagnon, S. Lacouture, and M.Gottschalk. 2015. Exposure of feral swine (Sus scrofa) in the United States to selected pathogens. The Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 79(1):74-78.

Pedersen, K., K.L. Pabilonia, T.D. Anderson, S.N. Bevins, C.R. Hicks, J.M. Kloft, and T.J. Deliberto. 2015. Widespread detection of antibodies to Leptospira in feral swine in the United States. Epidemiology and Infection 143:2131-2136.  doi: 10.1017/S0950266814003148

Salinas, R.A., W.H. Stiver, J.L. Corn, S.Lenhart, C. Collins, M. Madden, K.C. VerCauteren, B.B. Schmit, E. Kasari, A. Odoi, G. Hickling, and H. McCallum. 2015. An individual-based model for feral hogs in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Natural Resource Modeling 28(1):18-36.  doi: 10.1111/nrm.12055


Foster, J.A., J.C. Martin, K.C. VerCauteren, G.E. Phillips, and J.D. Eisemann. 2014. Optimization of formulations for the lethal control of feral pigs. Proceedings of the 26th Vertebrate  Pest Conference 26:277-280.  

Felix, Jr., R.K., S.L. Orzell, E.A. Tillman, R.M. Engeman, and M.L. Avery. 2014. Fine-scale, spatial and temporal assessment methods for feral swine disturbances to sensitive plant communities in south-central Florida. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21(17):10399-10406. doi: 10.1007/s11356-014-2956-y.

Pedersen, K., C.R. Quance, S. Robbe-Austerman, A.J. Piaggio, S.N. Bevins, S.M. Goldstein, W.D. Gaston, and T.J. DeLiberto. 2014. Identification of Brucella suis from feral swine in selected states in the USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(2): 171-179. doi: 10.7589/2013-09-235.

Bevins, S.N., K. Pedersen, M.W. Lutman, T. Gidlewski, and T.J. DeLiberto. 2014.  Consequences associated with the recent range expansion of nonnative feral swine. BioScience Online 64(4): 291-299.  doi: 10.1093/biosci/biu015.

Engeman, R., T. Hershberger, S. Orzell, R. Felix, G. Killian, J. Woolard, J. Cornman, D. Romano, C. Huddleston, P. Zimmerman, C. Barre, E. Tillman, and M. Avery. 2014. Impacts from control operations on a recreationally hunted feral swine population at a large military installation in Florida. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 21(12):7689-7697. doi 10.1007/s11356-014-2727-9.

Musante, A.R., K. Pedersen, and P. Hall. 2014. First reports of pseudorabies and Winter Ticks (Dermacentor albipictus) associated with an emerging feral swine (Sus scrofa) population in New Hampshire. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(1) 131-134. doi: 10.75.89/2013-05-119.


Campbell, T.A., J.A. Foster, M.J. Bodenchuk, J.D. Eisemann, L.Staples, and S.J. Lapidge. 2013. Effectiveness and target-specificity of a novel design of food dispenser to deliver a toxin to feral swine in the United States. International Journal of Pest Management 59(3): 197-204. doi: 10.1080/09670874.2013.815830

Delgado-Acevedo , J., R.W. DeYoung and T.A.Campbell. 2013. Effects of local-scale removals on feral swine populations in southern Texas. International Journal of Pest Management 2013. 1-6. DOI:10.1080/09670874.2013.776723.

Engeman, R.M., K.J. Couturier, R.K. Felix Jr., and M.L. Avery. 2013. Feral swine disturbance at important archaeological sites. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 20:4093-4098. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-012-1367-1

Leiser, O.P., J.L. Corn, B.S. Schmidt, P.S. Klein, and J.T. Foster. 2013. Feral swine brucellosis in the United States and prospective genomic techniques for disease epidemiology. Veterinary Microbiology 166:1-10.

Pedersen, K. S.N. Bevins, J.A. Baroch, J.C. Cumbee, Jr., S.C. Chandler, B.S. Woodruff, T.T. Bigelow, and T.J. DeLiberto. 2013. Pseudorabies in feral swine in the United States, 2009-2012. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(3): 709-713.

Thomas, J.F., R.M. Engeman, E.A. Tillman, J.W. Fischer, S.L. Orzell, D.H. Glueck, R.K. Felix, and M.L. Avery. 2013. Optimizing line intercept sampling and estimation for feral swine damage levels in ecologically sensitive wetland plant communities. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20:1503-1510. DOI 10.1007/s11356-012-1004-z.



Campbell, T.A., Long D.B., Lavelle M.J., Leland B.R., Blankenship T.L., and K.C. Vercauteren. 2012. Impact of baiting on feral swine behavior in the presence of culling activities. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 104:249-257.

Engeman, R.M., Couturier K., Felix R.K., and M.L.Avery. 2012. Feral swine disturbance at important archaeological sites. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-012-1367-1.

Lapidge S.J., Wishart J., Staples L., Fagerstone K.A., Campbell T.A., and J.D. Eisemann. 2012. Development of a feral swine toxic bait (Hog-Gone®) and bait hopper (Hog-Hopper™) in Australia and the USA. Wildlife Damage Management Conference 14: 19-24.

Lavelle M.J., Hygnstrom S.E., Hildreth A.M., Campbell T.A., Long D.B., Hewitt D.G., Beringer J. and K.C. VerCauteren. 2012. Utility of improvised video-camera collars for collecting contact data from white-tailed deer: Possibilities in disease transmission studies. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36(4):828-834. DOI: 10.1002/wsb.216.

Moczygemba, J.D., Hewitt D.G., Campbell T.A., Ortega-S J.A., Feild J., Hellickson M.W. (2012) Home ranges of the nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) in Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 57:26-30.

Reyes Ramirez, E., M. C. Clayton, C. W. Lawson, S. M. Burns, R. Guarneros-Altimirano, S. J. Demaso, K. P. William Jr, D. G. Hewitt, J. A. Ortega-Santos, and T. A. Campbell. 2012. Home ranges of female Rio Grande Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo intermedia) in southern Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 57:198-201.

Thomas J.F., Engeman R.M., Tillman E.A., Fischer J.W., Orzell S.L., Glueck D.H., Felix R.K., and M.L. Avery. 2012. Optimizing line intercept sampling and estimation for feral swine damage levels in ecologically sensitive wetland plant communities. Environmental Science and Pollution Research: 1-8.

Wyckoff, A.C., Henke S.E., Campbell T.A., Hewitt D.G., and K.C. VerCauteren 2012. Movement and habitat use of feral swine near domestic swine facilities. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36:130-138.



11-CAMPBELL, T. A., D. B. LONG, L. R. BAZAN, B. V. THOMSEN, S. ROBBE-AUSTERMAN, R. B. DAVEY, L. A. SOLIZ, S. R. SWAFFORD, AND K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2011. Absence of Mycobacterium bovis in feral swine ( Sus scrofa) from the southern Texas border region. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47:974-978.

11-CAMPBELL, T. A., D. B. LONG, AND G. MASSEI. 2011. Efficacy of the boar-operated-system to deliver baits to feral swine. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 98:243-249.

11-CAMPBELL, T. A., K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2011. Diseases and parasites. Pages 219-249 in D. G. Hewitt ,editor. Biology and management of white-tailed deer. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

11-CÁRDENAS-CANALES, E. M., J. A. ORTEGA-SANTOS, T. A. CAMPBELL, Z. GARCIA-VÁZQUEZ, A. CANTÚ-COVARRUBIAS, J. V. FIGUEROA-MILLÁN, R. W. DEYOUNG, D. G. HEWITT, AND F. C. BRYANT. 2011. Nilgai antelope in northern Mexico as a possible carrier for cattle fever ticks and Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47:777-779.

11-FALL, M. W., M. L. AVERY, T. A. CAMPBELL, P. J. EGAN, R. M. ENGEMAN, D. PIMENTEL, W. C. PITT, S. A. SHWIFF, AND G. W. WITMER. 2011. Rodents and other vertebrate invaders in the United States. Pages 381-410 in D. Pimentel ,editor. Biological invasions, 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

11-HAMRICK, B., T. A. CAMPBELL, B. HIGGINBOTHAM, AND S. LAPIDGE. 2011. Managing an invaasion: effective measures to control wild pigs. The Wildlife Professional Summer:41-42.

11-LAVELLE, M. J., K. C. VERCAUTEREN, T. J. HEFLEY, G. E. PHILLIPS, S. E. HYGNSTROM, D. B. LONG, J. W. FISCHER, S. R. SWAFFORD, AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2011. Evaluation of fences for containing feral swine under simulated depopulation conditions. Journal of Wildlife Management 75:1200-1208.

11-REIDY, M. M., T. A. CAMPBELL, AND D. G. HEWITT. 2011. A mark-recapture technique for monitoring feral swine populations. Rangeland Ecology & Management 64:316-318.

11-TIMMONS, J., J. RATTAN, T. CAMPBELL, D. LONG, B. HIGGINBOTHAM, D. CAMPION, M. MCFARLAND, N. DICTSON, J.C. CATHEY. 2011. Using fences to exclude feral hogs from wildlife feeding stations. Texas A&M University, TexasAgriLife Extension, L-5533, Bryan, Texas.


10-BLIZZARD, E. L., C. D. DAVIS, S. HENKE, D. B. LONG, C. A. HALL, AND M. J. YABSLEY. 2010. Distribution, prevalence, and genetic characterization of Baylisascaris procyonis in selected areas of Georgia. Journal of Parasitology 96:1128-1133. 518K

10-CAMPBELL, T. A. 2010. Reducing the risk of human exposure to wildlife diseases. Texas Wildlife, August 2010:38. 214K

10-CAMPBELL, T. A., S. L. BULLOCK, D. B. LONG, D. G. HEWITT, AND M. K. DOWD. 2010. Visitation to cottonseed storage sites by feral swine and evidence of gossypol exposure. Human-Wildlife Interactions 4:145-151. 761K

10-CAMPBELL, T. A., M. R. GARCIA, L. A. MILLER, M. A. RAMIREZ, D. B. LONG, J.-B. MARCHAND, AND F. HILL. 2010. Immunocontraception in male feral swine treated with a recombinant gonadotropin-releasing hormone vaccine. Journal of Swine Health and Production 18:118-124. 796K

10- CAMPBELL, T. A., AND D. B. LONG. 2010. Activity patterns of wild boars ( Sus scrofa) in southern Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 55:564-600. 357K

10- CAMPBELL, T. A., D. B. LONG, AND B. R. LELAND. 2010. Feral swine behavior relative to aerial gunning in southern Texas. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:337-341.

10-DELGADO-ACEVEDO, J., A. ZAMORANO, R. W. DEYOUNG, T. A. CAMPBELL, D. G. HEWITT, AND D. B. LONG. 2010. Promiscuous mating in feral pigs ( Sus scrofa) from Texas, USA. Wildlife Research 37:539-540. 530K

10-GONZALEZ-VALENZUELA, E. A., D. G. HEWITT, J. A. ORTEGA-SANTOS, R. W. DEYOUNG, T. A. CAMPBELL, AND F. C. BRYANT. 2010. Ganaderia y fauna silvestre del noreste de Mexico y sur de Texas e implicaciones de la garrapata Boophilus: opcion de los ganaderos. Seminario Internacional Sobre Venado Cola Blanca, Union Ganadera Regional de Nuevo Leon 12:12-23. 772K

10-LONG, D. B., T. A. CAMPBELL, AND G. MASSEI. 2010. Evaluation of feral swine-specific feeder systems. Rangelands 32:8-13. 101K

10-MILLER, B. F., T. A. CAMPBELL, B. R. LASETER, W. M. FORD, AND K. V. MILLER. 2010. Test of localized management for reducing deer browsing in forest regeneration areas. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:370-378. 1,040K

10-RATTAN, J. M., B. J. HIGGINBOTHAM, D. B. LONG, AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2010. Exclusion fencing for feral hogs at white-tailed deer feeders. Texas Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resource 23:83-89. 267K



09-CAMPBELL, T. A. 2009. Las enfermedades del venado cola blanca en Norteamerica: situacion actual y desafios (White-tailed deer diseases in North America: current situation and challenges). Memorias: Seminar Internacional Sobre Venado Cola Blanca 11:1-11. 1,482K

09-CAMPBELL, T. A., AND D. B. LONG. 2009. Feral swine damage and damage management in forested ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 257:2319-2326. 190K

09-CAMPBELL, T. A., AND D. B. LONG. 2009. Strawberry-flavored baits for pharmaceutical delivery to feral swine. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:615-619. 190K

09-DEYOUNG, R. W., A. ZAMORANO, B. T. MESENBRINK, T. A. CAMPBELL, B. R. LELAND, G. M. MOORE, R. L. HONEYCUTT, AND J. J. ROOT. 2009. Landscape-genetic analysis of population structure in the Texas gray fox oral rabies vaccination zone. Journal of Wildlife Management 73:1292-1299. 263K

09-GONZALEZ-V, E. A., HEWITT, D. G., ORTEGA-SANTOS, J. A., DEYOUNG, R. W., CAMPBELL, T. A., AND BRYANT, F. C. 2009. Rangelands use and management at the border area of northeast Mexico and south Texas. Pages (n.p.) in VI Simposio Internacional de Pastizales
Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. 64K

09-MILLER, B. F., T. A. CAMPBELL, B. R. LASETER, W. M. FORD, AND K. V. MILLER. 2009. White-tailed deer herbivory and timber harvesting rates: implications for regeneration success. Forest Ecology and Management 258:1067-1072. 343K 343K

09-WYCKOFF, A. C., S. E. HENKE, T. A. CAMPBELL, D. G. HEWITT, AND K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2009. Feral swine contact with domestic swine: a serologic survey and assessment of potential for disease transmission. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45:422-429. 261K


08-CAMPBELL, T. A., AND J. CORN. 2008. Recent range expansion of invasive feral hogs. South Texas Wildlife 12:3-4. 414K

08-CAMPBELL, T. A., R. W. DEYOUNG, E. M. WEHLAND, L. I. GRASSMAN, D. B. LONG, AND J. DELGADO-ACEVEDO. 2008. Feral swine exposure to selected viral and bacterial pathogens in southern Texas. Journal of Swine Health and Production 16:312-315. 240K

08-CAMPBELL, T. A., AND D. B. LONG. 2008. Mammalian visitation to candidate feral swine attractants. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:305-309. 206K

08-FOLEY, A. M., B. PIERCE, D. G. HEWITT, R.W. DEYOUNG, T. A. CAMPBELL, M. W. HELLICKSON, J. FEILD, S. MITCHELL, M. A. LOCKWOOD, AND K. V. MILLER. 2008. Survival and movements of translocated white-tailed deer in south Texas. Proceedings of the 2008 Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 62:25-30. 148K

08-HALL, J. S., R. B. MINNIS, T. A. CAMPBELL, S. BARRAS, R. W. DEYOUNG, K. PABILONIA, M. L. AVERY, H. SULLIVAN, L. CLARK, AND R. G. MCLEAN. 2008. Influenza exposure in the United States feral swine populations. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 44:362-368. 243K

08-REIDY, M. M., T. A. CAMPBELL, AND D. G. HEWITT. 2008. Evaluation of electric fencing to inhibit feral pig movements. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:1012-1018. 244K

08-REIDY, M. M., T. A. CAMPBELL, AND D. G. HEWITT. 2008. Tetracycline as an ingestible biological marker for feral pigs. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 23:210-212. 116K


07-CAMPBELL, T. A., AND D. B. LONG. 2007. Species-specific visitation and removal of baits for delivery of pharmaceuticals to feral swine. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43:485-491. 173K

07-DELGADO-ACEVEDO, J., R. W. DEYOUNG, AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2007. Landscape genetics of feral swine and implications for management. Pages 451-453 in G. W. Witmer, W. C. Pitt, and K. A. Fagerstone, editors. Managing invasive vertebrate species: proceedings of an international symposium. USDA/APHIS/National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. 26K

07-HARTIN, R. E., M. R. RYAN, AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2007. Distribution and disease prevalence of feral hogs in Missouri. Human-Wildlife Conflicts 1:186-191. 363K

07-HENKE, S. E., A. M. FEDYNICH, AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2007. Wildlife disease management: an insurmountable challenge? Pages 279-294 in T. E. Fulbright, and D. G. Hewitt, editors. Wildlife science: linking ecological theory and managment applications. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 2,158K


06-CAMPBELL, T. A., S. J. LAPIDGE, AND D. B. LONG. 2006. Using baits to deliver pharmaceuticals to feral swine in southern Texas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:1184-1189. 138K

06-LONG, D. B., T. A. CAMPBELL, AND S. E. HENKE. 2006. Baylisascaris procyonis (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea) in raccoons ( Procyon lotor) from Duval County, Texas. Texas Journal of Science 58:281-285. 208K

06-WILES, M. C., AND T. A. CAMPBELL. 2006. Liquid chromatography--electrospray ionization mass spectrometry for direct identification and quantification of iophenoxic acid in serum. Journal of Chromatography B 832:144-157. 1,267K

06-108 WYCKOFF, A. CHRISTY, S. E. HENKE, T. CAMPBELL, AND K. C. VERCAUTEREN. 2006. Is trapping success of feral hogs dependent upon weather conditions? Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference 22:370-372. 154K


05-100 WYCKOFF, A. C., S. HENKE, T. A. CAMPBELL, D. HEWITT, AND K. VERCAUTEREN. 2005. Preliminary serologic survey of selected diseases and movements of feral swine in Texas. Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 11:23-32. 111K

Project Homepage
Project Goal and Objectives

Complementary Content