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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture

Threatened and Endangered Species Protection


An “endangered” species is one that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range. A “threatened” species is one that is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future.




APHIS Wildlife Services' threatened and endangered species work is based on partnerships with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, state wildlife management agencies, organizations, landowners, and others.

  • Protecting threatened and endangered (T&E) wildlife and plants from the impacts of disease, invasive species, and predators is one focus of the APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) program. WS’ T&E species activities are conducted in collaboration with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), State wildlife management agencies, conservation organizations, private landowners, and others.

  • During FY 2013, WS’ research and operational efforts contributed to the conservation of 165 threatened and endangered species: birds (50), mammals (28), reptiles (14), amphibians (4), fish (9), clams (3), snails (4), insects (1), and plants (52).

  • WS T&E activities were conducted in 34 States, as well as in Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Cuba.

  • Of the 165 listed species conserved by WS, 60 species are State listed only and 105 species are Federally listed (including some that are also State listed).

  • More than $6.6 million in funds were expended by WS on T&E conservation during FY 2013.
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