Feral Swine

Wildlife Services received $20 million to implement a collaborative, national feral swine management program in all 39 states where there is a recognized feral swine population.  The overarching goal of the APHIS National Feral Swine Damage Management Program is to protect agricultural and natural resources, property, animal health, and human health and safety by reducing feral swine populations in the United States.  APHIS’ feral swine damage management program supports the USDA strategic goals and objectives by improving the health and prosperity of rural America.  APHIS (Wildlife Services) will reduce problems by suppressing populations in States where feral swine populations are large and widely distributed.  In States where feral swine are emerging or populations are low, APHIS will cooperate with Federal, State, Tribal, and local entities to implement strategies to eliminate them.  APHIS also will target feral swine emerging in urban areas where they pose a danger to people and property. APHIS will also conduct research to develop and evaluate new and emerging tools to further reduce damage inflicted by feral swine.

For more information about the National Feral Swine Damage Management Program, view this short video or see the brochure, Feral Swine: An Overview of a Growing Problem.


APHIS has issued a Record of Decision on a Final Environmental Impact Statement that evaluated the alternatives for reducing feral swine damage in the U.S., Guam, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands.  APHIS has selected the preferred alternative to implement a nationally coordinated, integrated feral swine damage management program. Please visit the APHIS feral swine EIS webpage to learn about the decision and Final Environmental Impact Statement and how to stay involved with feral swine damage management.

Feral SwineFree-ranging populations of feral swine exist in at least 35 states, and the nationwide population is 
estimated at approximately 6 million animals. States with the highest numbers of feral swine include, 
California, Florida, Oklahoma, and Texas. Feral swine are an invasive species that are native to 
Eurasia, but have become well adapted to the United States since their introduction in the early 1500's.

  1. To learn more about damages caused by feral swine, view the Feral Swine Damages factsheet here.
  2. For information about how to identify and report feral swine damages, see the Identifying and Reporting Feral Swine factsheet here.


Feral Swine brochureClick here to view the brochure, “Feral Swine: Damage and Disease Threats”

Feral swine damage pastures, agricultural crops, lawns, landscaping and natural areas due to feeding, 
rooting, wallowing, grazing, and trampling activities. Feral swine are reservoirs of many diseases and 
act as a host to parasites that can negatively impact agricultural animals, especially swine. Integrated 
management solutions to address problems and control or eradicate feral swine populations may include 
exclusion, population management and removal of animals, and innovative approaches and tools 
generated by research.

Feral swineFeral swine are an invasive species that cause damage to agricultural crops and livestock and threaten 
native wildlife and the environment.  >>More

feral swine rooting damages lawns.
Conflicts with feral swine vary widely, from agricultural crop damage to disease
threats to livestock.  >>More

Management Assistance 
Feral Swine in a trap
WS provides technical assistance and direct management of feral swine problems 
n many states.  >>More

Feral swine research
WS' National Wildlife Research Center (NWRC) conducts research and investigational 
activities on a wide variety of wildlife damage issues, including those related to 
feral swine.  >>More

Report Feral Swine
Many states have phone, Internet sites, or methods for the public to report sightings 
of feral swine, especially where they cause damage.  >>More


Feral Swine Image Gallery

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