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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture

Predation Management Options

MT mountain scene Livestock producers that use an integrated predator management program, consisting of non-lethal and lethal techniques, are most effective at reducing livestock loss. Husbandry practices and other actions taken by producers can limit the impacts of predation.


Click here to learn “How WS Works with Livestock Producers” to protect livestock from predation.

WS works in partnership with agencies, organizations, and individuals around the nation to protect livestock from predation. Much of WS' operational management assistance to producers is supported by funds provided by states, counties, producers, and others, in addition to Federally appropriated dollars.

Click here for a 4-page Fact Sheet, "M44 Device for Local Predator Control"

Click here for a a 3-page Fact Sheet. "The Livestock Protection Collar"

To contact the Wildlife Services State Office for additional information and assistance with protecting livestock from predators, click on your state:


MassachusettsVermontDistrict of ColumbiaDelawareMarylandConnecticutNew JerseyNew HampshireAlaskaHawaiiVirgin IslandsWashingtonMontanaOregonIdahoCaliforniaNevadaWyomingUtahMontanaArizonaNew MexicoTexasNorth DakotaSouth DakotaNebraskaKansasOklahomaMinnesotaWisconsinmichiganIowaIllinoisMissouriArkansasLouisianaMaineMississippiIndianaNew YorkOhioPennsylvaniaWest VirginiaVirginiaKentuckyTennesseeAlabamaGeorgaGuamFloridaNorth CarolinaSouth CarolinaRhode Island






Click here for the 23 page booklet, "Lines of Defense: Coping with Predators in the Rocky Mountain Region 


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