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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
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Expenditures for the Protection of Resources

WS activities are directed at resource protection through professional recommendation and application of science-based wildlife damage management methods. Resources are divided into four categories: agriculture, natural resources, property, and health & safety.

Each year, a portion of the Federal Funding that is provided to the WS Program by Congress through the Federal budget and appropriations processes is directed at reducing wildlife damage to resources. In some situations, program recipients provide WS with cooperative funding to support very specific program activities to protect these interests.


The Agriculture resource category includes livestock (e.g. sheep, cattle, calves, fowl, and swine) crops (e.g. corn, soybeans, strawberries, and pecans), rangeland and timber, aquaculture (e.g. farm raised catfish and trout), agricultural animal feed, and animal products. WS work to protect agriculture may include predation management to protect livestock, alleviation of bird damage at aquaculture facilities, and application of integrated waterfowl and deer damage management programs to reduce crop damage.

Health and Safety

Health and Safety as a resource is associated with the protection of humans or animals from death, damage, or threats. This category includes human safety protection and response related to wildlife-aircraft collisions, attacks on people by mountain lions and other wildlife species, and surveillance associated with zoonotic and other diseases.

Natural Resources

Natural Resources are those associated with publically managed parks, lakes, state and national forests, wildlife and fish, (including sensitive, threatened, and endangered species), and wetlands. The Natural Resource category includes the protection of natural areas from the impacts of invasive species such as nutria and feral swine, the safeguarding of rare, threatened and endangered wildlife species from the negative impacts of more abundant ones, and the provision of information and education on the ecology and values associated with wildlife encountered by the public.


The Property resource category includes business and residential buildings and structures, equipment, vehicles, and machinery, pets and other companion animals, and a myriad of other items of value to people. WS work to protect property may consist of waterfowl management to protect golf courses, dispersal of vultures to protect vehicles and homes, and provision of recommendations to reduce deer and woodchuck damage to backyard gardens and plantings.
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