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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
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APHIS Programs and Activities on Tribal Lands

APHIS is an agency with many missions vital to the health and welfare of animals, plants, and the natural environment in Indian Country.  We have worked with Tribal partners and Native American communities for many years to help protect livestock and crops from disease, pests, and wildlife damage.  We collaborate on these important projects through cooperative agreements, technical and emergency training, outreach activities, and consultations that ensure Native American cultural heritage and values are respected.  

Veterinary Services (VS)

VS offers a broad range of services to help ensure the health of Native American animals and aquatic life.  VS works to:

  • Survey and test for diseases such as brucellosis, tuberculosis, scrapie, and more
  • Prevent disease and pests from harming livestock herds and fisheries
  • Prepare Native American communities to respond to animal disease and pest emergencies
  • Provide information on animal disease traceability and other disease program regulations

Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ)

PPQ protects crops, fields, forests, and other natural plant resources.  Among its many services in Indian Country, PPQ can:

  • Provide early detection of potentially damaging foreign weeds, diseases, and insects
  • Suppress outbreaks of rangeland grasshoppers and Mormon crickets
  • Combat invasive species that attack forests, such as emerald ash borers and Asian longhorned beetles
  • Train Tribal members to respond rapidly to plant disease and pest outbreaks

Wildlife Services (WS)

WS provides assistance in managing wildlife that prey on livestock, damage property, or carry diseases that may harm livestock or people.  WS may be able to help:

  • Protect livestock from predators like wolves, coyotes, mountain lions, and certain birds
  • Reduce damage to property, crops, and natural resources from feral swine, bears, beavers, and other wildlife
  • Offer technical guidance to help indigenous wildlife important to Native American communities thrive on Native lands
  • Manage rabies in wildlife
  • Develop—with Native American partners—tools and methods to resolve wildlife-related conflicts
  • Monitor and test for wildlife diseases that could be transmitted to livestock and people, such as plague, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, brucellosis, and more

Animal Care (AC)

For more than 40 years, Congress has entrusted APHIS with the stewardship of animals covered under the Animal Welfare and Horse Protection Acts.  APHIS’ AC program continues to uphold that trust, giving protection to millions of animals each year, nationwide.  In Indian Country, AC can help Native American communities with the following:

  • Control populations of dogs and cats by providing funding for spay and neuter clinics on their lands. 

Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS)

BRS protects plant health through rigorous regulation of genetically engineered (GE) organisms.  BRS is committed to:   

  • Provide information to Native American communities about field tests and petitions (requests) for non-regulated status of genetically GE organisms that may impact them.
  • Engage Native American communities on how these GE products may affect them, their culture, and their lands.
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