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Draft Standards

Draft Standards

Draft Standards and Other Documents for Comment

PPQ actively works to achieve broad participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of international and regional plant health standards. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards, documents, and specifications. The drafts below are open for comments and can be accessed by selecting the consultation links below.

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) Consultation

There are four consultation periods throughout the year:

After comments are submitted and consultation closes, the IPPC Secretariat compiles the comments and posts them to the IPPC website.

For more information about IPPC consultation, contact Dr. Marina Zlotina, PPQ's IPPC Technical Director, at

Drafts for first consultation (send your comments on draft ISPMS by August 15, 2018):

ISPM 8: Determination of pest status in an area: This is a revision of an existing standard that describes the use of pest records and other information to determine pest status in an area. The revised standard describes pest status categories and provides recommendations to national plant protection organizations (NPPOs) on good reporting practices. The draft includes guidance on the quality of information which NPPOs are likely to use based on reliability of different sources. Clarifications are provided for reporting pest status in unique situations, i.e. under limited distribution (e.g. green houses only), or on limited host plants. The draft also provides guidance on how pest interception can affect pest status. This standard is critical for conducting pest risk analysis (PRA), certifying exports, establishing pest free areas, and developing appropriate pest management programs.

Authorization of entities to perform phytosanitary actions: This is a new standard which will provide a framework for NPPOs when authorizing private and public entities (third parties) to perform specific phytosanitary actions on their behalf. These actions on behalf of NPPOs are associated with import, domestic, and export systems (excluding the issuance of phytosanitary certificates). The draft outlines the key requirements for the development of an authorization program and the eligibility criteria for third parties to become authorized. It identifies the roles and responsibilities of the parties involved in the implementation of an authorization program. The draft also describes processes for audits, types of nonconformities, and types of authorization status that may apply to entities. This standard will be an important tool in the future as NPPOs, including PPQ, seek to use alternative service delivery mechanisms to carry out plant protection objectives with lower cost and improved efficiency.

Requirements for the use of modified atmosphere treatments as a phytosanitary measure:
This is a new, stand-alone standard which provides technical guidance to NPPOs on the application of modified atmosphere treatments as a phytosanitary measure. The standard is operational in nature, and its purpose is to enhance harmonization of how such measures are applied globally. This standard does not provide details on specific modified atmosphere treatments for specific commodities. While currently not being broadly applied for phytosanitary purposes, modified atmospheres are routinely used in food safety. More research is needed to develop specific treatment schedules for different pests in plant commodities (e.g. fresh fruits and vegetables). The treatment is inexpensive because it uses existing equipment designed for fumigation. It is also less toxic because no external poisonous agent is used; rather the composition of concentrations of natural atmospheric gases is modified, causing mortality insect mortality. This standard will give producers an additional tool to support exporters, as well as offer an alternative to methyl bromide.

Amendments to the IPPC Glossary:

Revisions: seeds (as a commodity class), grain (as a commodity class), wood (as a commodity class), treatment

Deletions: commodity class, and its associated terms

Drafts for second consultation (send your comments on draft ISPMs by August 15, 2018)

Requirements for the use of fumigation as a phytosanitary measure: This standard provides technical guidance on the application of fumigation as a phytosanitary measure. Its main purpose is to harmonize the application of fumigation in different countries.

Draft specifications for consultation (send your comments on draft specifications by August 15, 2018)
Use of systems approaches in managing risks associated with the movement of wood commodities: The standard to be drafted according to this specification should provide harmonized guidance on the types of measures that may be used within a systems approach for production and trading of wood commodities. It should provide guidance on how to evaluate the efficacy of the individual measures and to describe the responsibility of the NPPO in supervising the system and the industry implementing the measures.

North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) Consultation

NAPPO consultation varies depending on the project. Starting August 1, 2018, there will be two NAPPO documents available for limited consultation periods (see below).  For more information about NAPPO consultation, contact Patricia Abad, PPQ's NAPPO Technical Director, at

The two NAPPO draft standards and documents available for consultation are described below, and include the dates that comments must be submitted and to whom.

APHIS will review your comments and contact you for clarification if needed.

How to Submit Comments (Instructions for U.S. Government and other U.S. Stakeholders)

Beginning August 1, 2018, you can download all the drafts for comment on the NAPPO consultation website.

Please focus your comments on these areas: substantive (conceptual changes and the addition of new aspects or ideas), technical (scientific corrections and technical adjustments), and editorial (clarifies or simplifies the text without changing the meaning). For each comment, provide alternative wording and justification for the changes you recommend.

For each document, you may use the Adobe PDF “Comment” features to comment directly in the draft PDF document downloaded from the NAPPO consultation website.

You may also use the “Comment Table” provided on the NAPPO consultation website to submit comments to APHIS. Instructions for how to complete the “Comment Table” are provided on that site.

You can also provide comments in any other format by indicating the paragraph (and line) number in the corresponding draft document. If the comment is relevant to the entire draft, state “General” instead.

NAPPO Regional Standard for Phytosanitary Measures 41 (RSPM 41) - Use of Systems Approaches to Manage Pest Risks Associated with the Movement of Forest Products

This regional standard is being sent out for the second round of consultation. The standard provides NAPPO member countries with guidance on the use of integrated measures to mitigate pest risks associated with the movement of specified wood commodities (i.e. forest products systems approach) and provides guidelines for their development and implementation.

This standard covers round wood, sawn wood, wood chips, and other specified wood commodities. It does not include wood packaging material, and other wood commodities which meet the phytosanitary requirements of the NPPO of the importing country. Also excluded are Christmas trees, boughs, wreaths, and other non-wood forest products.

Beginning on August 1, 2018, you may download the draft here.

Submit comments by August 31, 2018, to and

NAPPO Discussion Document: North American approach to preventing introduction, establishment and spread of khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium, Coleoptera: Dermestidae) in various pathways

This document evaluates the regulatory approach of each NAPPO member country (United States, Canada and Mexico) for khapra beetle (prevention, detection and response) to identify similarities, differences, gaps and to try to come to consensus on suggested activities that could be considered for harmonization in the region. The main purpose of this NAPPO project is to try to develop a North American approach to identify and enhance collaborative efforts to improve khapra beetle detection, exclusion, and control, including exploring what could be further done at origin to reduce risk.

Beginning on August 1, 2018, you may download the draft here.

Submit comments by August 31, 2018, to and

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