Draft Standards

Draft Standards

Draft Standards and Other Documents for Comment

PPQ actively works to obtain broad participation by States, industry, and other stakeholders in the development and use of international and regional plant health standards. Plant health stakeholders are strongly encouraged to comment on draft standards and specifications. Draft standards and specifications open for comments can be accessed by selecting the consultation links below.

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) Consultation

Current IPPC draft standards available for consultation (Comments due by Friday, August 26, 2016)

APHIS will review your comments and contact you for clarification if needed.
Comments on Draft standards due by Friday, August 26, 2016.     

International Movement of Seeds    

This standard would apply to seed moved internationally (including forest tree seeds). The proposed standard is intended to provide additional guidance to assist NPPOs to identify, assess, and manage the pest risk associated with the international movement of seed. The standard may also facilitate the international movement of seed through increased harmonization of phytosanitary import requirements. The standard would not apply to grain.


National Surveillance Systems
ISPM 6:1997 describes the components of survey and monitoring systems for the purpose of pest detection and information for use in pest risk analyses, the establishment of pest free areas and, where appropriate, the preparation of pest lists. Members requested the revision to take into account the greater knowledge of surveillance methodologies now available, as well as experiences with implementation of the standard.

Arrangements for Verification of Compliance of Consignments (Formerly “Pre-Clearance”)
The NPPO of the importing country usually verifies compliance of consignments with the phytosanitary import requirements upon entry. However, in some cases, to facilitate trade logistics, contracting parties may bilaterally or multilaterally negotiate an arrangement that allows verification procedures to be performed by the NPPO of the importing country in the exporting country. The draft standard explains situations where such arrangements are justified and provides guidance on requirements for establishing such an arrangement.


International Movement of Growing Media in Association with Plants for Planting
Many countries regulate the import of growing media in association with plants for planting. Growing media, particularly soil, are often prohibited. While it is possible to remove growing media from some plants for planting, it may be difficult to completely avoid the movement of growing media associated with plants for planting. Some plants can survive transport only when moved in growing media. This standard provides guidance on internationally harmonized phytosanitary measures to minimize the probability of introduction or spread of quarantine pests with the movement of growing media in association with plants for planting.


International Movement of Wood
Based on technical justification, NPPOs may establish specific requirements for phytosanitary treatment and/or phytosanitary certification of wood. Numerous countries stipulate specific import requirements for wood, including: heat treatment, kiln drying, chemical treatment, or bark removal. To assist NPPOs in determining what types of treatments may be appropriate, whether treatments have been applied correctly, and whether overall related phytosanitary certification is sufficient, a standard is required to outline key phytosanitary certification criteria and the processes available for verifying that import requirements are met.


International Movement of Vehicles, Machinery, and Equipment
When moved internationally, vehicles, machinery, and equipment can harbor and spread plants, parts of plants, and soil and may present a phytosanitary risk to the importing country. Depending on their use in the country of import, they may introduce quarantine pests to agricultural, forested, wilderness, or other areas. Specific guidance is needed for NPPOs in the exporting and importing countries to assess the risks associated with the movement of these articles and to determine phytosanitary measures that may be required to mitigate assessed risks in order to facilitate the safe movement of such articles.    


Temperature Treatments as Phytosanitary Measures
There are many treatments against pests of plants and plant products moving in international trade. Harmonization of the operational aspects of applying these treatments will reduce pest risk globally. This draft standard provides guidance for the application of temperature treatments, ensuring they are applied effectively, consistently, and in a manner that minimizes economic and environmental impacts.


Glossary of Phytosanitary Terms
This draft proposes additions, revisions, and deletions to Glossary terms. Proposed additions include “exclusion (of a pest)”; revisions include “quarantine”, “test”, “visual examination”, “contaminating pest/contamination”, and “endangered area”; and deletions include “pre-clearance” and “kiln-drying”.


Diagnostic Protocols
Proper pest detection and pest identification are crucial for the appropriate application of phytosanitary measures. In particular, contracting parties need proper diagnostic procedures for determination of pest status and pest reporting, and the diagnosis of pests in imported consignments. The purpose of harmonized diagnostic protocols is to support efficient phytosanitary measures in a wide range of circumstances and to enhance the mutual recognition of diagnostic results by NPPOs, which may also facilitate trade. Furthermore these protocols should aid the development of expertise and technical cooperation, and they may also be relevant to the accreditation and/or approval of laboratories. The following protocols are available for consultation:

The background information for some of the above draft standards can be located on the IPPC Regional Workshop website:

How to Submit Comments

You can download all the drafts for comment on the IPPC consultation site. To view the documents in English, open the “En” version. Please focus your comments on these areas: substantive (conceptual changes and the addition of new aspects or ideas), technical (scientific corrections and technical adjustments), and editorial (clarifies or simplifies the text without changing the meaning). For each comment, provide alternative wording and justification for the changes you recommend. For each standard, use Word document “Review” features to comment directly in the draft document downloaded from the IPPC website. You can also provide comments in any other format by indicating the paragraph number in the corresponding draft document. If the comment is relevant to the entire draft, state “General” instead.

Please email your comments to:

Marina Zlotina
PPQ IPPC Technical Director
Telephone: 301-851-2200

There are three member consultation periods throughout the year:

After comments are submitted and consultation closes, the IPPC Secretariat compiles the comments and posts them to the IPPC website.

For more information about IPPC member consultation, contact Marina Zlotina, IPPC Technical Director, at Marina.A.Zlotina@aphis.usda.gov.

North American Plant Protection Organization (NAPPO) Consultation

NAPPO consultation varies depending on the project. For more information about NAPPO consultation, contact Patricia Abad, PPQ NAPPO Technical Director, at Patricia.V.Abad@aphis.usda.gov.

There are currently no drafts available for comment.

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