Proposal to Allow Argentina to Import Lemons into the Continental United States
APHIS is proposing to allow commercial consignments of lemons from northwest Argentina into the continental United States. As a condition of entry, the lemons would have to be produced under a systems approach that would require:
- Registration and monitoring of places of production and packinghouses;
- Pest-free places of production;
- Grove sanitation, monitoring, and pest control practices;
- Treatment with a surface disinfectant;
- Lot identification; and
- Inspection for quarantine pests by the Argentine national plant protection organization.
In addition, lemons from northwest Argentina would have to be harvested green and within a certain time period, or treated for Medfly in accordance with an approved treatment schedule. We would also require the lemons to be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional declaration stating that they have been inspected and found to be free of quarantine pests and were produced in accordance with the proposed requirements.
APHIS published the proposed rule on May 10, 2016. The public comment period closed on August 10, 2016. APHIS is currently considering all comments received.
Proposed rule on Regulations.gov (includes links to the Pest Risk Assessment, Risk Mitigation Document, and public comments)
Market Access Trip Report: Site Visit to Assess Fresh Lemon Fruit and Risk Management Practices in Northwest Argentina, September 12-16, 2016