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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDA FAQ's and resources about coronavirus (COVID-19).  LEARN MORE

What Plant Material Requires a Permit?

Under the plants for planting quarantine (7 CFR 319 Subpart-Plants for Planting), the following restricted articles (other than articles for food, analytical, medicinal, or manufacturing purposes) in any of the following categories may be imported or offered for importation into the United States only after issuance of a written permit by Plant Protection and Quarantine:

  • Lots of 13 or more articles (other than seeds, bulbs, or sterile cultures of orchid plants) from any country or locality except Canada;
  • Seeds of trees or shrubs from any country or locality except Canada;
  • Articles subject to the special foreign inspection and certification requirements.
  • Articles subject to treatment and other specific requirements listed in the plants for planting manual;
  • Articles subject to  postentry quarantine conditions;
  • Articles (except seeds) of Malus spp., Pyrus spp., Prunus spp., Cydonia spp., Chaenomeles spp. and Rubus spp., from Canada;
  • Articles (except seeds) of Pinus spp. from Canada;
  • Solanum tuberosum true seed from New Zealand and the X Region of Chile (that area of Chile between 39° and 44° South latitude—see Plants for Planting manual ;
  • Articles (except seeds) of Fraxinus spp. from counties or areas in Canada that are not regulated for emerald ash borer (EAB) but are within an EAB-regulated Province or Territory
  • Articles whose entry for propagation is Not Authorized Pending Pest Risk Analysis (NAPPRA)

Other quarantines in 7 CFR  319 restrict and/or require permits for certain plants and plant parts. If you wish to import any of the following commodities, please see the appropriate quarantine:

  • Foreign Cotton and Covers
  • Sugarcane
  • Citrus
  • Corn and Corn relatives
  • Rice
  • Wheat
  • Coffee

(Note: all herbaceous material of members of the grass family, Poaceae, is prohibited under 7 CFR 319 Subpart- Plants for Planting. The quarantines above for grasses (sugarcane, corn, rice and wheat) apply to seed, as well.)

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