In order to meet U.S. entry requirements, certain fresh fruits and vegetables require the application of a quarantine treatment to mitigate pests that may pose a phytosanitary risk to US agriculture and natural resources. Irradiation is a viable option utilized for this purpose in some instances.
Click the links below for information to determine if an irradiation treatment is an option, and if applicable, the requirements to utilize irradiation treatments.
I checked FAVIR. The commodity is eligible for entry, but irradiation is not listed as an approved treatment. What do I do?
If the commodity is eligible for entry AND requires a treatment other than irradiation, and you propose to replace the current treatment with an irradiation treatment, please contact:
Email: Paul Gadh
If the commodity is eligible for entry AND DOES NOT require any treatment to satisfy import requirements, apply for an import permit. If you have questions about this process contact:
Telephone (301) 851-2046 or (877) 770-5990 (Toll-Free Automated System)
Fax (301) 734-4300
I checked FAVIR. The commodity is eligible for entry, and irradiation is an approved treatment. What are my options?
If the commodity is eligible for entry AND irradiation treatment has been approved, then there are 2 options:
For information concerning Preclearance Irradiation Programs contact:
Telephone: 301-851-2278 or
Email: Vedpal Malik
Regardless of whether treatment takes place in the country of origin or in the United States, APHIS requires a signedFramework Equivalency Agreement that allows for bilateral trade in irradiated commodities. A bilaterally signed Operational Work Plan, with commodity specific Addenda, between APHIS and the Plant Protection Organization of the exporting country is also required. For more information concerning these agreements contact directly the exporting country’s Plant Protection Organization utilizing this list of contacts at: https://www.ippc.int/countries/contactpoints/. If the Plant Protection Organization of the exporting country agrees, it will make the formal request to APHIS for domestic irradiation.
Once all of the required agreements and documentation are prepared and operative, utilize the following guideline, Steps for Importing Commodities for Irradiation Treatment in the United States, to acquire the necessary PPQ documentation and to assist with planning importations.
Other Federal Agencies may have regulatory oversight on importations of food items into the United States. Requirements for Prior Notice, packaging for food safety and any other tariff, duties or quotas may be available from the applicable agency. Consider contacting the agencies below for additional information in advance of importation or product using irradiation:
I am interested in having an irradiation facility certified by APHIS to apply quarantine treatments for fresh fruits and vegetables. Where can I get more information?
For more information regarding the approval process for facility certification contact:
Dr. Laura Jeffers
Telephone: (919) 855-7455
Email: Laura Jeffers
Or refer to the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 7, Agriculture, Part 305, Phytosanitary Treatments, Subpart 9, Irradiation Treatment Requirements (7CFR305.9).