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Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) Enforcement Summary

To support domestic plant health in fiscal year (FY) 2017, APHIS initiated 66 cases and issued 20 pre-litigation settlement agreements, resulting in the collection of $67,762 in stipulated penalties. Of note were an IES investigation into the alleged prohibited importation of Hass avocados into Puerto Rico by a company that settled for a civil penalty of $17,500; as well as an IES investigation for an alleged wood packaging materials violation involving a company that produced and used a fraudulent International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM15) stamp to mark several wooden crates, resulting in a settlement for a civil penalty of $12,500. Additionally, IES Investigators working with the USDA Office of the General Counsel obtained a Decision and Order resulting in a civil penalty of $130,000 to a company for the improper movement of imported fire ants; and a Default Decision resulting in a civil penalty of $12,500 to an individual for attempting to bring wood across the United States / Mexico border without proper permits.

Totals FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018
(through 3rd quarter)
Cases Initiated 55 66 31
Warnings 11 20 12
Settlement Agreements 18 20 14
Stipulated Penalties Assessed $101,926 $67,762 $44,469
Non-Monetary Stipulations 0 0 0
Referrals to OGC 8 (alleged violators)
5 (cases)
1 (alleged violator)
1 (case)
Administrative Complaints 1 0 0
Administrative Decisions 4 6 0
Civil Penalties Assessed $30,625 $142,500 $0
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