APHIS regulates the introduction (importation, interstate movement, or environmental release [i.e. transport and outdoor use]) of certain genetically engineered (GE) organisms that may become pests to U.S. plants. All regulated introductions of GE organisms must be authorized by APHIS under either its permitting or notification procedures. When a developer has collected enough evidence that a GE organism poses no more of a plant pest risk than an equivalent non-GE organism, the developer may petition APHIS for a determination of non-regulated status. A GE organism is no longer subject to APHIS’ regulatory requirements when the agency determines that it qualifies for nonregulated status because it doesn’t pose a pest risk.
Guidance for these application processes can be found at the links below: