Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS) prepares environmental documentation as part of its obligations under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and the APHIS NEPA implementing regulations. Under NEPA, all Federal agencies are required to look closely at the significance of environmental impacts arising because of agency decisions. If a permit for an environmental release of an organism developed using genetic engineering involves a new species or organism or novel modification that raises new issues, BRS conducts an environmental review prior to deciding to issue the permit. Depending on the circumstances, BRS prepares an Environmental Assessment (EA) and/or an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), following the APHIS’ applicable regulations at 7 CFR part 372. The procedures for EAs and EISs give the public the opportunity to submit written comments on draft EAs and EISs, so the Agency can consider them before publishing the final EA or EIS and issuing the permit. These environmental reviews help inform the Agency's decision-making process.
You can view a list of these documents in the tables below.