Risk Based Inspection System

Risk Based Inspection System

Animal Care (AC)  uses a risk-based inspection system to support its focused inspection strategy, allowing more frequent and in-depth inspections at facilities with a higher risk of animal welfare concerns, and fewer at those that are consistently in compliance.  The system, initiated in 1998, uses several objective criteria, including but not limited to past compliance history, to determine the minimum inspection frequency at each licensed and registered facility.  Facilities meeting the criteria for low-frequency intervals are subject to inspection once every year, or every 2–3 years, or in some cases only when we receive a complaint.   Facilities determined to require high-frequency inspections are subject to inspection as often as every 3 months.  Those in the middle are inspected about once per year.  Registered research facilities are inspected at least once per year, as required by the AWA.  With this system, AC has been able to provide more in-depth inspections and improve the Agency’s interactions with licensees and registrants—an approach that APHIS firmly believes makes better use of AC’s inspection resources.

After the Inspection: If inspectors discover conditions or records that are not in compliance with the regulations, AC typically establishes a deadline for correcting these items and provides it in the inspection report unless the noncompliance is a repeat noncompliance, because for repeat noncompliance, the original correction deadline has already passed, and no additional time is given.  Inspectors are required to reinspect within 45 days any facilities where areas of noncompliance were found that have, or are likely to have, a serious impact on the well-being of the animals.  In cases of unrelieved suffering, AC may confiscate the animals or arrange for their placement elsewhere. BETWEEN 2010-2015, AC, with the assistance of IES and OGC, either confiscated or facilitated the voluntary surrender of over 11,000 animals. The species involved include dogs, farm animals, hedge hogs, hamsters, guinea pigs, black bears, lions, tigers, rabbits, cats, chimpanzees, cougars, and alpacas. AC also assisted State, county or local agencies with a seizure or surrender. 



FY 2010 AWA Inspections

Certificate Type Total
Regulated
Facilities
Compliance
Inspections
Pre-License/
Pre-Registration
Inspections
Attempted
BREEDER 3296 3516 544 722
CARRIER 284 783 0 21
DEALER 939 1215 208 164
EXHIBITOR 2764 3693 535 463
FEDERAL RESEARCH FACILITY 53 2 0 0
INTERMEDIATE HANDLER 260 188 2 15
REGISTERED EXHIBITOR 9 10 0 1
RESEARCH FACILITY 1104 1683 2 40
VETERANS ADMINISTRATION HOSPITAL 73 2 0 0
Not Licensed N/A 89 102 3
All Facilities 8782 11181 1393 1429



Total Number of Inspections Performed FY 2005-2010

Fiscal Year (FY)
Number of Inspections
2010
14,003
2009
13,877
2008
15,372
2007
18,343
2006
20,311
2005
18,290





 

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