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Status of Reportable Diseases in the United States

Status of Reportable Diseases in the United States

The following tables show the United States' status for animal diseases that are reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) if they are confirmed to be present in specific livestock, poultry, and aquaculture species. This information is reported to OIE every six months and is also presented on the international OIE website.

Report date: Final report for 2017 (PDF version available here)
Terrestrial Animal Diseases

Aquatic Animal Diseases

Terrestrial Animal Diseases

Diseases Associated with Multiple Species:

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Anthrax

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

Aujeszky’s disease

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution in feral and/or non-commercial production swine. Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as pseudorabies. National eradication program. No commercial production swine herd detections in 2017

Bluetongue

Present

Sporadic

Brucellosis (Brucella abortus)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution. Primarily limited to free-ranging bison (Bison bison) and wapiti (Cervus canadensis) in the Greater Yellowstone National Park area/national eradication program

Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis

Free

1999

Brucellosis (Brucella suis)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution in feral and/or non-commercial production swine. Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as brucellosis. B. suis, biovar 4 is endemic in wild caribou (Rangifer tarandus) herds in Alaska, and biovar 1 is endemic in feral swine in several States. National eradication program. No commercial production swine herd detections in 2017.

Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever

Free

Never occurred

Echinococcosis/hydatidosis (Echinococcosis granulosus, E. multilocularis)

Present?

Suspected. Last detected in 2008. 

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD)

Present

Sporadic

Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

Foot-and-mouth disease

Free

1929

Heartwater

Free

Never occurred

Japanese encephalitis

Free

Never occurred

New world screwworm

Present

One event in 2017 limited to the Florida Keys – infestation in Key Deer. There was no NWS myiasis in any production livestock. Eradicated in early 2017 using sterile flies.

Old world screwworm

Free

Never occurred

Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease)

Present

Voluntary control program

Q fever

Present

Sporadic

Rabies

Present

 

Rift Valley fever

Free

Never occurred

Rinderpest

Free

Never occurred

Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)

Free

Never occurred

Trichinellosis

Present?   

Sporadic (backyard and wild animals) / no commercial production swine herd detections in 2017

Tularemia

Present (wild)

Sporadic in wild populations. Last domestic detection was in 2009.

West Nile fever/encephalitis

Present

 

Avian Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Avian chlamydiosis

Present

Sporadic occurrence in wild birds, pet birds, and backyard birds only. No commercial production flock detections in 2017.

Avian infectious bronchitis

Present

 

Avian infectious laryngotracheitis

Present

Avian mycoplasmosis (M. gallisepticum)

Present

Sporadic occurrence. All commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status. Commercial table-egg laying hens may be vaccinated. The “finch strain” of MG occurs in wild passerine birds, primarily house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus), in which it causes conjunctivitis. This strain has been shown experimentally to be nonpathogenic in chickens.

Avian mycoplasmosis (M. synoviae)

Present

Sporadic occurrence. All commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status.

Duck viral hepatitis

Free

1998

Fowl typhoid (Salmonella gallinarum)

Free

1981

Highly pathogenic avian influenza

Present

Two events reported to the OIE in 2017. 1) H7N9 in commercial chicken broiler-breeder flock, closed 8/2017. 2) Identification of H5N2 in a wild mallard duck, closed 3/2017.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry) Notifiable H5 and H7

Present

Identified sporadically in backyard poultry and in live-bird-markets that serve local ethnic communities. Two LPAI events reported to the OIE in 2017. 1) H7N9 in chicken flocks, resolved 6/2017. 2) H5N2 in a commercial turkey flock, resolved 6/2017.

Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease)

Present

Sporadic

Newcastle disease (Neurotropic and viscerotropic strains)

Present (wild)

Sporadic detections in wild birds. Domestic poultry are considered free – last detection was in 2003.

Pullorum disease (Salmonella pullorum)

Present

Sporadic detections in backyard flocks. No commercial production flock detections since 1991, considered absent in them.

Turkey rhinotracheitis

Present?

Disease suspected but not confirmed limited in certain zones / regions of the country  

Bee Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Acarapisosis of honey bees (Acarapis woodi)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

American foulbrood of honey bees (Paenibacillus larvae)

Present

 

European foulbrood of honey bees (Melissococcus plutonius)

Present

 

Small hive beetle infestation (Aethina tumida)

Present

 

Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees (Tropilaelaps spp.)

Free

Never occurred

Varroosis of honey bees (Varroa spp.)

Present

 

Cattle Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Bovine anaplasmosis

Present

 

Bovine babesiosis

Free

Last occurrence on the U.S. mainland was in 1943. Endemic in territories of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

Bovine genital campylobacteriosis

Present

Sporadic

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

OIE-Negligible Risk status

One detection of atypical BSE reported to the OIE in 2017. Atypical BSE is an uncommon form of the agent not generally associated with an animal consuming infected feed.

Bovine tuberculosis

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution / national eradication program

Bovine viral diarrhea

Present

 

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC)

Free

1892

Enzootic bovine leukosis

Present

 

Haemorrhagic septicaemia (Pasteurella multocida, serotypes B/Asian or E/African)

Absent

1969

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/ infectious pustular vulvovaginitis

Present

 

Lumpy skin disease

Free

Never occurred

Theileriosis

Free

Never occurred

Trichomonosis

Present

 

Trypanosomosis (tsetse-transmitted)

Free

Never occurred

Equine Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

African horse sickness

Free

Never occurred

Contagious equine metritis

Free

2014

Dourine

Free

1934

Equine encephalomyelitis (Western)

Present?

No equine detections reported the last 20 years

Equine infectious anemia

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution / National Control Program

Equine influenza

Present

Sporadic

Equine piroplasmosis

 Present

Sporadic / limited distribution. Iatrogenic transmission cases only. No cases of natural tick-borne transmission identified since 2009 (single outbreak – eradicated).

Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1)

Present

 

Equine viral arteritis

Present

Sporadic

Glanders

Free

1942

Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

Free

1971

Lagomorph Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Myxomatosis

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution in wild rabbits

Rabbit hemorrhagic disease

Free

2010

Sheep and Goat Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Caprine arthritis/encephalitis

Present

 

Contagious agalactia

Present

Sporadic/ limited distribution 

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia

Free

Never occurred

Enzootic abortion of ewes (ovine chlamydiosis, Chlamydophila abortus)

Present

Sporadic

Maedi-visna

Present

Sporadic

Nairobi sheep diseases

Free

Never occurred

Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis)

Present

 

Peste des petits ruminants

Free

Never occurred

Salmonellosis (S. abortus ovis)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

Scrapie

Present

Sporadic occurrence. National eradication program.

Sheep pox and goat pox

Free

Never occurred

Swine Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

African swine fever

Free

Never occurred

Classical swine fever (hog cholera)

Free

1976

Nipah virus encephalitis

Free

Never occurred

Porcine cysticercosis

Free

2004

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome

Present

 

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Present

 

Other Listed Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Leishmaniosis

Present 

Sporadic occurrence in canines

Camelpox

Free

Never occurred

Aquatic Animal Diseases

Amphibian Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Present

 

Infection with ranavirus

Present (wild)

 

Aquaculture Diseases - Crustaceans

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease

Present

 One event reported to th OIE in 2017, resolved 12/2017

Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci)

Absent

 

Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis

Absent

 

Infectious myonecrosis

Free

Never occurred

Necrotising hepatopancreatitis

Free

 

Taura syndrome

Free

2007-Domestic

White spot disease

Present? (wild)

Suspected but not confirmed in wild populations in limited geographical regions/zones. Domestic populations considered free, last detection was in 2012.

White tail disease

Free

Never occurred

Yellowhead disease

Free

Never occurred

Aquaculture Diseases - Fish

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Epizootic hematopoietic necrosis (EHN)

Free

Never occurred

Infection with Aphanomyces invadans (Epizootic ulcerative syndrome, EUS)

Present (wild)

Sporadic occurrence / limited distribution in wild populations. Absent in domestic populations, last detection was in 2004. 

Gyrodactylosis (Gyrodactylus salaries)

Free

Never occurred

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN)

Present (wild)

Sporadic occurrence / limited distribution in wild populations. Free in domestic populations, last detection was 2015.

Infectious salmon anemia, ISA (HPR-deleted or HPR0)

Absent HPR-deleted

ISAV HPR0 detected through routine surveillance in healthy fish, no detections of ISAV HPR-deleted.

Koi herpesvirus disease (KHV)

Present

Red sea bream iridoviral disease

Free

Never occurred

Salmonid alphavirus (SAV)

Free

Never occurred

Spring viremia of carp (SVC)

Present? (Wild)

Suspected but not confirmed in wild populations in limited geographical regions/zones. Absent in domestic populations, last detection was in 2004.

Viral hemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS)

Present (Wild)

Sporadic / limited distribution in wild populations. Never occurred in domestic populations.

Aquaculture Diseases - Molluscs

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Infection with abalone herpes virus

Free

Never occurred

Infection with Bonamia exitiosus

Present (wild)

Suspected but not confirmed in wild populations in limited geographical regions/zones. Free in domestic populations, last detection was in 2015.

Infection with Bonamia ostreae

Present? (wild)

Suspected but not confirmed in wild populations in limited geographical regions/zones. Free in domestic populations, last detection was in 2006.

Infection with Marteilia refringens

Free

Never occurred

Infection with Perkinsus marinus

Present

Sporadic /limited distribution

Infection with Perkinsus olseni

Free

Never occurred 

Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensis

Present

Sporadic/ limited distribution

Status of Animal Diseases in the United States of America

Present = occurrence of the disease reported 

Free = no occurrence in the U.S. of the OIE-listed disease 

Present? = occurrence suspected but not confirmed 

Absent = disease absent during the reporting period/no detections reported 

Sporadic = occurring only occasionally 

Limited distribution = limited geographic distribution

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