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Status of Reportable Diseases in the United States

Status of Reportable Diseases in the United States

Status of Reportable Diseases in the United States
The following tables show the United States' status for animal diseases that are reported to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) if they are confirmed to be present in specific livestock, poultry, and aquaculture species. This information is reported to OIE every six months and is also presented on the international OIE website.

Report date: Final report for 2016 (PDF version available here)
Terrestrial Animal Diseases

Aquatic Animal Diseases

Terrestrial Animal Diseases

Diseases Associated with Multiple Species:

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Anthrax

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

Aujeszky’s disease

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution to feral and-or non-commercial production swine. Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as pseudorabies / national eradication  program / no commercial  production swine herd detections in 2016

Bluetongue

Present

Sporadic

Brucellosis (Brucella abortus)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution-primarily limited to wildlife in the Greater Yellowstone National Park area/national eradication program

Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis

Free

1999

Brucellosis (Brucella suis)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution to feral and-or non-commercial production swine. Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as brucellosis / national eradication  program / no commercial  production swine herd detections in 2016

Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever

Free

Never occurred

Echinococcosis/hydatidosis (Echinococcosis granulosus, E. multilocularis)

Present?

Sporadic (uncommon in all species)/2008

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD)

Present

Sporadic and limited distribution.

Equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

Foot-and-mouth disease

Free

1929

Heartwater

Free

Never occurred

Japanese encephalitis

Free

Never occurred

New world screwworm

Present

One event in 2016 limited to the Florida Keys – infestation in Key Deer. There was no NWS myiasis in any production livestock. Eradicated in early 2017 using sterile flies.

Old world screwworm

Free

Never occurred

Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease)

Present

Voluntary control program

Q fever

Present

Sporadic

Rabies

Present

 

Rift Valley fever

Free

Never occurred

Rinderpest

Free

Never occurred

Surra (Trypanosoma evansi)

Free

Never occurred

Trichinellosis

Present?   

Sporadic (backyard and wild animals) / no commercial production swine herd detections in 2016

Tularemia

Present (wild)

Sporadic

West Nile fever/encephalitis

Present

 

Avian Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Avian chlamydiosis

Present

Sporadic (wild birds, pet birds, backyard) / no commercial production flock detections in 2016

Avian infectious bronchitis

Present

 

Avian infectious laryngotracheitis

Present

Sporadic (primarily vaccine-related)

Avian mycoplasmosis (M. gallisepticum)

Present

Sporadic / all commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status.  Commercial table-egg laying hens may be vaccinated.

Avian mycoplasmosis (M. synoviae)

Present

Sporadic / all commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status. 

Duck viral hepatitis

Free

1998

Fowl typhoid (Salmonella gallinarum)

Free

1981

Highly pathogenic avian influenza

Present

Two events reported to the OIE in 2016: 1) H7N8 in commercial turkey flock, Closed 4/2016; 2) identification of H5N2 in a wild mallard duck

Low pathogenic avian influenza (poultry) Notifiable H5 and H7

Identification of the presence of infection

   Identified sporadically in backyard poultry and in live-bird-markets which serve local ethnic communities. Two LPAI detections in commercial turkey flocks (H7N8 and H5N1) reported to the OIE in 2016.

Infectious bursal disease (Gumboro disease)

Present

Sporadic

Newcastle disease (Neurotropic and viscerotropic strains)

Present (wild)

2003-domestic poultry are considered Free / sporadic detections in wild birds

Pullorum disease (Salmonella pullorum)

Present

Sporadic (backyard) / no commercial production flock detections since 1991, considered absent in them

Turkey rhinotracheitis

Present?

 Disease suspected but not confirmed limited to certain zones / regions of the country  

Bee Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Acarapisosis of honey bees (Acarapis woodi)

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution

American foulbrood of honey bees (Paenibacillus larvae)

Present

 

European foulbrood of honey bees (Melissococcus plutonius)

Present

 

Small hive beetle infestation (Aethina tumida)

Present

 

Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees (Tropilaelaps spp.)

Free

Never occurred

Varroosis of honey bees (Varroa spp.)

Present

 

Cattle Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Bovine anaplasmosis

Present

 

Bovine babesiosis

Free

Limited distribution (endemic in territories of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands; last occurrence on the U.S. mainland was in 1943)

Bovine genital campylobacteriosis

Present

Sporadic

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

OIE-Negligible Risk status

2012 detection of atypical BSE, an uncommon form of the agent not generally associated with an animal consuming infected feed

Bovine tuberculosis

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution / national eradication program

Bovine viral diarrhea

Present

 

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides SC)

Free

1892

Enzootic bovine leukosis

Present

 

Haemorrhagic septicaemia (Pasteurella multocida, serotypes B/Asian or E/African)

Absent

1969

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/ infectious pustular vulvovaginitis

Present

 

Lumpy skin disease

Free

Never occurred

Theileriosis

Free

Never occurred

Trichomonosis

Present

 

Trypanosomosis (tsetse-transmitted)

Free

Never occurred

Equine Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

African horse sickness

Free

Never occurred

Contagious equine metritis

Absent

No detections since 2013

Dourine

Free

1934

Equine encephalomyelitis (Western)

Present?

No equine detections reported the last 20 years

Equine infectious anemia

Present

Sporadic / limited distribution / national control program

Equine influenza

Present

Sporadic

Equine piroplasmosis

 Present

Sporadic / limited distribution. Iatrogenic transmission cases only; No cases of natural tick-borne transmission identified since 2009 (single outbreak – eradicated).

Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1)

Present

 

Equine viral arteritis

Present

Sporadic

Glanders

Free

1942

Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

Free

1971

Lagomorph Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Myxomatosis

Present?

Sporadic / limited distribution in wild rabbits

Rabbit hemorrhagic disease

Absent

2010

Sheep and Goat Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Caprine arthritis/encephalitis

Present

 

Contagious agalactia

Present

Sporadic/ limited distribution 

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia

Free

Never occurred

Enzootic abortion of ewes (ovine chlamydiosis, Chlamydophila abortus)

Present

Sporadic

Maedi-visna

Present

Sporadic

Nairobi sheep diseases

Free

Never occurred

Ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis)

Present

 

Peste des petits ruminants

Free

Never occurred

Salmonellosis (S. abortus ovis)

Present?

Sporadic / no detections reported in 2016

Scrapie

Present

National eradication program/ no detections May 2016 – May 2017

Sheep pox and goat pox

Free

Never occurred

Swine Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

African swine fever

Free

Never occurred

Classical swine fever (hog cholera)

Free

1976

Nipah virus encephalitis

Free

Never occurred

Porcine cysticercosis

Absent

2004

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome

Present

 

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Present

 

Other Listed Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Leishmaniosis

Present 

Sporadic occurrence in canines

Camelpox

Free

Never occurred

Aquatic Animal Diseases

Amphibian Diseases

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Present (wild)

 

Infection with ranavirus

Present (wild)

 

Aquaculture Diseases - Crustaceans

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease

Absent

 

Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci)

Absent

 

Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis

Absent

 

Infectious myonecrosis

Free

Never occurred

Necrotising hepatopancreatitis

Free

 

Taura syndrome

Free

2007-Domestic

White spot disease

Present? (wild)

2012-domestic /wild present? – limited distribution

White tail disease

Free

Never occurred

Yellowhead disease

Free

Never occurred

Aquaculture Diseases - Fish

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Epizootic hematopoietic necrosis (EHN)

Free

Never occurred

Infection with Aphanomyces invadans (Epizootic ulcerative syndrome, EUS)

Present

2004-Domestic absent / sporadic occurrence in wild species

Gyrodactylosis (Gyrodactylus salaries)

Free

Never occurred

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN)

Present

2015-Domestic/ sporadic / limited distribution

Infectious salmon anemia, ISA (HPR-deleted or HPR0)

Absent HPR-deleted

2016- OIE reported detection of HPR0 ISA  in healthy fish, no detections of ISAV HPR-deleted

Koi herpesvirus disease (KHV)

Present

Limited distribution

Red sea bream iridoviral disease

Free

Never occurred

Salmonid alphavirus (SAV)

Free

Never occurred

Spring viremia of carp (SVC)

Present? (Wild)

2004-Domestic absent

Viral hemorrhagic septicaemia (VHS)

Present (Wild)

Domestic absent / Sporadic (wild species)- / limited distribution

Aquaculture Diseases - Molluscs

Disease

Status

Date of Last Occurrence / Notes

Infection with abalone herpes virus

Free

Never occurred

Infection with Bonamia exitiosus

Present (wild)

2015-Domestic/ Sporadic – limited distribution (wild species).

Infection with Bonamia ostreae

Present? (wild)

2006-domestic/ limited distribution

Infection with Marteilia refringens

Free

Never occurred

Infection with Perkinsus marinus

Present

Sporadic /limited distribution

Infection with Perkinsus olseni

Free

Never occurred 

Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensis

Present

Sporadic/ limited distribution

Present = occurrence of the disease reported
Free= no occurrence in the U.S. of the OIE-listed disease
Present? = occurrence suspected but not confirmed
Absent = disease absent during the reporting period/no detections reported
Sporadic = occurring only occasionally
Limited distribution = limited geographic distribution

 

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