The World Trade Organization recognizes the OIE as the body for setting animal health standards. The major functions of the OIE are to collect and disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal diseases and to ensure that scientifically based standards govern international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE helps to achieve this through the development and revision of international standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines, and for the safe trade of animals and animal products.
OIE Specialist Commissions and Working Groups undertake the initial analysis and preparation of draft standards which are then circulated to Member Countries for review and comment. Draft standards are revised accordingly and then presented for adoption to the International Committee at the annual General Session of the OIE.
The OIE has five Regional Commissions to address specific problems facing its Members in the different regions of the world. The United States is a member of the Regional Commission of the Americas.
The OIE also annually collects data on antimicrobial use in animals. The data that the United States of America submitted to the OIE in 2019 can be viewed here.
The Deputy Administrator of Veterinary Services (VS), as the Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO) is charged with managing U.S. animal health standard-setting activities related to the OIE. The CVO coordinates the U.S. comments to animal health standards proposed for adoption or for consideration by OIE.
Generally, if a country has concerns with a particular draft standard and supports those concerns with sound technical information, the pertinent Specialist Commission will revise that standard accordingly and present the revised draft for adoption at the General Session in May. In the event that a country's concerns regarding a draft standard are not taken into account, that country may refuse to support the standard when it comes up for adoption at the General Session.
While it is the intent of the United States to support adoption of international standards -- and to participate actively and fully in their development -- it should be recognized that the U.S. position on a specific draft standard would depend on the acceptability and technical merit of the final draft.
The draft proposals on this site will come from the following OIE Specialist Commissions:
Chapters for comment are offered in Microsoft Word Format (doc). The Microsoft Word Format files must be downloaded and saved to a disk or your hard drive. These files can be opened with Microsoft Word.