RES follows science- and risk-based approaches that are consistent with APHIS obligations under international trade agreements. When evaluating the animal health status of a foreign region or compartment, or import risk from a particular commodity, RES staff do the following:
RES risk assessments for APHIS recognition of disease status or a commodity-based evaluation (if the region cannot be considered free of the disease) typically follow an 8-factor framework defined in title 9, Code of Federal Regulations, part 92.2(b). These factors are:
APHIS may consider a region to be historically free of a disease if the disease has not occurred in domestic livestock in the region for at least the past 25 years or in wildlife for at least the past 10 years. RES evaluates regions for historical freedom from disease according to a 6-factor format defined in title 9, Code of Federal Regulations, part 92.2(c). These factors are:
The RES process for conducting evaluations is further described in this document:
A list of regions that have requested APHIS evaluation of their animal health statuses is available at the following:
In addition, RES reviews the animal health statuses of regions APHIS has previously recognized as a condition for maintaining those statuses using a rigorous, science-based approach. This process strengthens assurances that our import procedures continue to appropriately mitigate the risk of foreign animal disease introduction over time by maintaining a high level of vigilance and, if necessary, adjusting safeguards when new information or situations arise.
RES risk assessments for compartmentalization evaluations typically follow an 8-factor framework defined in title 9, Code
of Federal Regulations, part 92.2(d). These factors are:
The RES process for conducting compartmentalization evaluations is similar to the RES process for conducting regionalization evaluations.
All evaluation requests and supporting materials must be submitted in English. Submission of the information in electronic format can facilitate the review. Information submitted to support an evaluation but not withheld as confidential is made available to the public. Therefore, if submitted information contains confidential business information that would not normally be disclosed to the public, please indicate specifically which words, paragraphs, or pages contain confidential business information. APHIS intends to protect confidential business information in accordance with legal and regulatory obligations and practices.
If you wish to submit a request for a standard regionalization evaluation (not qualified for consideration as historically-free), please follow the format described in the following document:
If you wish to submit a request for evaluation as a historically-free region, please follow the format described in the following document:
If you wish to submit a request for a compartmentalization evaluation, please follow the format described in the following document:
Countries requesting APHIS classification as negligible or controlled risk for BSE should refer to 9 CFR 92.5.
If the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) has classified a region’s BSE risk status as negligible or controlled, APHIS will seek and evaluate documentation to determine concurrence with the OIE’s classification. If a region’s BSE risk status has not been classified by the OIE as negligible or controlled, the country must submit an official request for classification to APHIS, along with supporting documentation.
The documents describing the RES evaluation processes and the templates for requesting recognition of the animal health status of a region or compartment are presented in a Portable Document Format (PDF). Viewing these files requires a PDF file reader, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Please note that the APHIS electronic mail server does not accept certain executable file attachments, e.g. .exe, .pif, .cmd, .scr, .com, .bat, .zip, .vbs, .dll, .chm, .js, .jse, .vb, and .vbe, or attachments over a certain size.