Skip to main content

International Standard Setting Activities - OIE


Sanitary International Standards Team

Successful competition of US animals and animal products within the global marketplace requires participation in the activities of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The United States, through its Sanitary International Standards Team, actively participates in helping shape the draft Animal Health standards proposed by the OIE.

  • What is an International Sanitary Standard?

An International Sanitary Standard or "International Standard" is defined in 19 U.S.C. 2578b as any standard, guideline, or recommendation developed under the auspices of the OIE regarding animal health and zoonoses.

  • What is the role of the OIE?

The World Trade Organization recognized the OIE as the body for setting animal health standards. The major functions of the OIE are to collect and disseminate information on the distribution and occurrence of animal diseases and to ensure that scientifically based standards govern international trade in animals and animal products. The OIE helps to achieve this through the development and revision of international standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines, and for the safe trade of animals and animal products.

OIE Specialist Commissions and Working Groups undertake the initial analysis and preparation of draft standards which are then circulated to Member Countries for review and comment. Draft standards are revised accordingly and then presented for adoption to the International Committee at the annual General Session of the OIE.

  • What is the role of Veterinary Services?

The Deputy Administrator of Veterinary Services (VS), as the Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO) is charged with managing U.S. sanitary standard-setting activities related to the OIE.  The CVO coordinates the U.S. comments to sanitary standards proposed for adoption or for consideration by OIE.

Generally, if a country has concerns with a particular draft standard and supports those concerns with sound technical information, the pertinent Specialist Commission will revise that standard accordingly and present the revised draft for adoption at the General Session in May. In the event that a country's concerns regarding a draft standard are not taken into account, that country may refuse to support the standard when it comes up for adoption at the General Session. However, each member country is obligated to review, comment, and make decisions regarding the adoption of standards strictly on their scientific merits.

While it is the intent of the United States to support adoption of international standards -- and to participate actively and fully in their development -- it should be recognized that the U.S. position on a specific draft standard would depend on the acceptability and technical merit of the final draft.

Additional information regarding these draft standards can be obtained by contacting:

USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services
Dr. Michael David, Director
Sanitary International Standards Team
4700 River Road, Unit 33
Riverdale, MD 20737-1231

The draft proposals on this site will come from the following OIE Specialist Commissions:

  • Terrestrial Animal Health Standards Commission (Code Commission)
    Establishes standards governing the safe trade of terrestrial animals and animal products.
  • Biological Standards Commission
    Establishes standards for methods of diagnosing diseases of animals and for testing biological products, such as vaccines, used for disease control purposes.
  • Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission (Aquatic Animals Commission)
    Compiles information on diseases of fish, crustaceans and mollusks, recommends methods for controlling these diseases, harmonizes rules for the safe trade in aquaculture commodities, and recommends methods for the diagnosis of aquatic animal diseases.

Please provide your comments to any of the three e-mail addresses below:

Chapters for comment are offered in Portable Document Format (pdf) and Rich Text Format (rtf). You will need to install the Acrobat Reader to view and then print the pdf files. This reader is available for free from Adobe. The Rich Text Format files must be downloaded and saved to a disk or your hard drive. These files can be opened with Microsoft Word or Windows Wordpad.




Complementary Content