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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture
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2018 Farm Bill Section 12101: Animal Disease Prevention and Management

These three programs will work together to keep foreign pests and diseases out of the U.S., which will help farmers and ranchers provide high-quality agricultural products to consumers here and abroad.

National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program

Our most effective strategy to protect animal health is keeping disease out of the country in the first place. To that end, the new National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program (Preparedness and Response Program) allows APHIS to enter into cooperative agreements with States, universities, livestock producer organizations, and other eligible entities for targeted projects aimed at preventing animal pests and diseases from entering the United States and reducing the spread and impact of potential disease incursions.

National Animal Health Laboratory Network

Should foreign animal pests or disease strike, diagnosing and detecting the extent of the outbreak as rapidly as possible plays a key role in limiting the impact on producers. The National Animal Health Laboratory Network, NAHLN, is a nationally coordinated network and partnership of Federal, State, and university-associated animal health laboratories.  NAHLN veterinary diagnostic laboratories provide animal health diagnostic testing to detect biological threats to the nation’s food animals, thus protecting animal health, public health, and the nation's food supply.  

National Animal Vaccine and Veterinary Countermeasures Bank

For our highest consequence animal diseases, it is important to have an effective insurance policy in the extremely rare chance of an outbreak.  The new U.S.-only vaccine bank—a concept APHIS officials have long discussed with stakeholders and industry—allows USDA to stockpile animal vaccine and related products to use in the event of an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease or other high-impact foreign animal diseases.

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