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Frequently Asked Questions: 2021 NADPRP Funding Opportunity


The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), Veterinary Services (VS) is announcing the 2021 competitive funding opportunity for the National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program (NADPRP). Established in the 2018 Farm Bill, this program allows APHIS to collaborate with animal health partners to implement high-value projects that enhance prevention, preparedness, detection, and response to the most damaging emerging and foreign animal diseases that threaten U.S. agriculture. Funded proposals are managed via cooperative or interagency agreements.

The following information addresses basic questions regarding the 2021 NADPRP funding opportunity USDA-APHIS-10025-VSSP0000-22-0001. In this funding opportunity, APHIS VS invites eligible entities to submit proposals for projects that will (1) develop and/or enhance State and Tribal foreign animal disease (FAD) vaccination plans to improve animal disease outbreak response capabilities, (2) support animal movement decisions in an FAD outbreak, or (3) strengthen outreach and education on animal disease prevention, preparedness, and response to specific audiences. Additional information is available on the USDA APHIS NADPRP website.

This information does not apply to the Joint NADPRP and National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) 2021 Funding Opportunity where APHIS invites NADPRP and NAHLN eligible entities to submit proposals for projects to develop and/or evaluate point-of-care diagnostic tests that will enhance the nation’s ability to quickly detect high-consequence foreign animal diseases (FADs). Applicants interested in applying for the JOINT NADPRP and NAHLN 2021 funding opportunity should refer to the application materials and instructions specific to this opportunity on the USDA APHIS NADPRP website and on the USDA APHIS NAHLN website.


How much funding is available through this opportunity?

APHIS will make available up to $10 million in funds to support NADPRP projects in 2021.

Who can apply for funds?

  • States (including State departments of agriculture, State animal health officials, and State emergency agencies),
  • Universities (including land-grant colleges and universities, non-land-grant colleges of agriculture, Tribal colleges, and veterinary colleges),
  • State, regional, or national livestock, poultry, or aquaculture producer organizations,
  • Veterinary organizations recognized by the American Veterinary Medical Association,
  • Tribal organizations, and
  • Federal agencies.

Can someone from the private sector apply?

No. However, a private sector entity may contribute to or collaborate on a proposal submitted by an eligible applicant. The proposal should describe the necessity and added value to engage private sector collaborators to accomplish the proposed activities.

May a foreign entity apply?

No. However, a foreign entity may contribute to an eligible domestic entity’s proposal. The proposal should describe the necessity and added value to engage foreign collaborators to accomplish the proposed activities.

How much funding does APHIS expect to award to individual applicants?

APHIS anticipates that most 2021 NADPRP awards will range from $25,000 to $500,000. The average NADPRP award is about $170,000.

Are there limitations on what Farm Bill Section 12101 funds can be used for?

NADPRP funds cannot be used for construction, promotional materials, or project activities typically supported through VS umbrella and traceability agreements. See the Guidelines for Use of Funds for USDA APHIS VS NADPRP and NAHLN Cooperative and Interagency Agreements full details.


When are applications due?

Applications must be received by 11:59 PM Eastern Daylight Savings Time on August 6, 2021. Applications received after this deadline will not be considered for funding, no exceptions.

Where can I find application materials?

All application materials and information is on the USDA APHIS NADPRP website. Information may also be found on the ezFedGrants (eFG) website or the website by searching CFDA number 10.025 or Funding Opportunity Number USDA-APHIS-10025-VSSP0000-22-0001.

What should I do first to apply for NADPRP funds?

We urge interested applicants to complete the following activities as soon as possible: (1) obtain a DUNS number, (2) register and maintain an advice account with the System for Award Management (SAM), (3) create a USDA eAuthentication account, and (4) establish an ezFedGrants (eFG) Account. Instructions for these steps are available on NADPRP’s ‘Here’s How to Get Ready Now!’ web page.

How do applicants apply for funds?

Non-federal applicants must submit all application materials electronically using ezFedGrants. Federal applicants (only) must submit their application materials via email to

Can I submit more than one proposal?

Yes. An entity may contribute more than one proposal and collaborate on multiple project proposals. However, applicants should realistically consider their ability to successfully complete multiple projects in the same time frame.

I have several different proposal ideas for projects that support the 2021 funding priorities. Should I combine them into one big proposal and application package?

No. Applicants are encouraged to submit separate application packages (including separate proposal work plans) for separate projects. This helps reviewers score each project on its individual merits.

When should the project start and end? How long will I have to complete the project?

We recommend that cooperators plan for project start dates between January 15 and March 1, 2022, but flexibility may be allowed to accommodate specific project needs. A project’s specific performance period will depend on the nature and scope of the project, but all projects must be completed 24 months after the start date.

Can an application submitted in the eFG system be modified or amended after it is submitted?

After the applicant’s Signatory Official signs and submits an application, it may be modified or amended in eFG before the application due date. To modify or amend an application, send an e-mail to and request that your application be “returned”. After it is returned, only the application creator can edit the application. The application must be resubmitted prior to the application deadline to be considered.


What are the funding priorities?

In 2021, APHIS will only consider project proposals that clearly, directly, and strongly support one of the animal disease preparedness and response topics described below.

  • Develop and/or enhance State and Tribal foreign animal disease (FAD) vaccination plans to improve animal disease outbreak response capabilities. Vaccine planning is critically needed to support the ability to use vaccine effectively and efficiently in an animal disease outbreak. APHIS will support projects that develop and/or improve State and Tribal FAD vaccination strategies and plans that are realistic, adaptable to different situations, align with USDA plans and guidelines, and are consistent with - or easily coordinated with - plans from other States or Tribes. Priority will be given to projects that:
    1. Develop and improve FAD vaccination plans. Plans may include strategy(ies) for (1) prioritization of limited products; (2) vaccine distribution, handling, storage, and transportation; (3) resources to support vaccine delivery including personnel and supplies; and (4) information management and communications to support implementation of a vaccination strategy.
    2. Provide training and/or conduct exercises to increase understanding of and capabilities to implement vaccination plans and to identify gaps. Includes training and exercise projects to quantitatively assess/measure a State’s or Tribe’s speed and capacity to vaccinate, such as estimating how many animals / premises to vaccinate and how many animals / premises can be vaccinated per day for the different species, production types, and premises sizes within a State or Tribe for different vaccination strategies.
    3. Collate and share information from vaccination plan exercises to ensure that lessons learned are incorporated into vaccine planning efforts and minimize duplication of work.
    4. Develop and test strategies to identify, track, and manage vaccinated animals, including information management and plans to permit movement of vaccinated animals in an outbreak situation.
    5. Develop just-in-time training modules and standard operating procedures targeted at State or Tribe level logistics and biosecurity for implementing a vaccine plan after vaccine is received by the State or Tribe, such as training vaccinators in receiving and administering vaccine on a premises.
  • Support animal movement decisions in an FAD outbreak. Moving animals in commerce during a large-scale animal disease outbreak while controlling disease spread is a critical concern and a key component of animal disease response plans. APHIS will support projects that will facilitate animal movement decisions in an outbreak as described below, including projects that address practical and effective cleaning and disinfection of animal transportation assets such as trucks and trailers. Priority will be given to projects that:
    1. Enhance the ability of States and Tribes to implement nationally consistent decisions on risks and movement of animals in an FAD outbreak, including projects focused on developing standardized criteria and data/information requirements to allow interstate movement of animals in an FAD outbreak and developing consensus on standardized criteria from SAHOs, Tribes, industry, and USDA partners.
    2. Exercise and coordinate transportation and movement plans established in Secure Food Supply Plans for FAD outbreaks with existing State and Tribal plans and with State Animal Health Officials (SAHOs) to ensure continuity of business as much as possible in FAD outbreak situations. Develop and improve secure movement plans where needed.
    3. Develop and exercise regional plans and agreements to support animal movement decisions in an FAD outbreak.
    4. Develop, validate, and improve practical procedures to ensure appropriate disinfection of trucks, trailers, and other animal transportation assets in an FAD outbreak, especially under different environmental and weather conditions. May include projects focused on assessing and mitigating the impact of disinfection procedures on premises or on the environment.
    5. Identify and recommend biosecurity practices that eliminate or minimize the potential for spreading FADs through animal transportation assets such as trucks and trailers as components of Secure Food Supply Plans.
    6. Quantitatively assess the risk of spreading FADs through animal transportation assets in different weather / environmental conditions and the impact of cleaning and disinfection procedures and biosecurity measures on the mitigation of risk.
  • Strengthen outreach and education on animal disease prevention, preparedness, and response to specific audiences. APHIS will support projects that will deliver outreach and education on animal disease prevention, preparedness, and response topics to specific audiences including but not limited to underserved, non-traditional, small-to-mid-size producers, and Indian Tribes. Priority will be given to projects that:
    1. Address information gaps among these audiences in areas of animal disease prevention, biosecurity, early disease recognition and reporting, critical activities for animal disease outbreak response, roles and responsibilities in an animal disease outbreak event, and raising awareness about what happens in large-scale animal disease outbreaks that could impact them.
    2. Leverage existing agriculture extension networks and existing educational materials to provide outreach, education, and training on animal disease preparedness, disease recognition, and response issues to target audiences.
    3. Foster understanding among producers on different types of operations (large commercial operations, small-to-medium size operations, and backyard operations) within a specific geographic area on the roles and responsibilities of all producers, regardless of size, in an animal disease outbreak.

For all priorities, applicants are encouraged to develop proposals that:

  1. Address significant known gaps, problems, and areas of concern in animal disease preparedness that have been identified and documented at local, State, Tribal, and national levels through exercises and events, including lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.
  2. Address the needs of high-risk, underserved, non-traditional, niche, Indian Tribe, or hard-to-reach audiences.
  3. Build on findings from other studies and projects, including projects previously funded by NADPRP.
  4. Leverage effective partnerships across animal and related industries, and veterinary organizations, States, Federal agencies, Tribes, academic institutions and cooperative extension services, and other animal disease response collaborators.
  5. Provide benefit across animal industry sectors and address the needs of different operation sizes.
  6. Align with and support published standards, regulations, and best management practices that may relate to the project’s topic.


Will NADPRP agreements impact APHIS VS’ umbrella agreements or Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) agreements with States and Tribes?

No. APHIS VS’ NADPRP agreements with States and Tribes will be distinct and separate from other APHIS VS agreements that are funded with appropriated funds, such as umbrella agreements with States.

What is competitive funding and how does it work in a cooperative agreement?

In the NADPRP program, proposals are awarded based on a competitive process where a team of experts evaluate the merits the proposals using pre-determined criteria. Funding is based on the merits of the proposal and application package, and recipients are not pre-determined. Final decisions are made by USDA.

When cooperative agreements are awarded through a competitive process, applicants must submit a complete and polished proposal because there is no opportunity for modifications or discussion with cooperators during the review process. After projects are selected, projects are funded through cooperative agreements, which means there will be substantial involvement between the Federal awarding agency and the recipient entity in carrying out the activity funded by the Federal award.

Is cost sharing required?


What is the limit on indirect cost (administrative costs)?

Applicants may charge their negotiated indirect cost rate or 10% of direct costs, whichever is lower. As described in the 2018 Farm Bill Section 12101, indirect cost rates exceeding 10% are not permitted. See the Guidelines for Use of Funds for APHIS Veterinary Services Farm Bill Cooperative Agreements for details and examples.


How are proposals reviewed and who reviews them? Who makes the final decision?

Application packages that meet the minimum eligibility criteria will be evaluated by a team of subject matter experts nominated by APHIS VS and by the NADPRP Consultation Board. To avoid potential conflicts of interest, reviewers may have no association with projects they are reviewing. In the event of a real or perceived conflict of interest, a reviewer shall recuse themselves as appropriate. The review team may seek counsel from additional subject-matter experts as appropriate. Proposals are scored based on the merits of the application relative to the evaluation criteria, which are listed in the funding opportunity announcement. USDA considers the review team’s recommendations in making final funding decisions.

Will partial funding of a proposal be considered?

Yes. Based on reviewer recommendations, APHIS may award less than the requested amount of funds to a project. In these cases, applicants may accept or decline the award that is offered. If applicants accept a reduced funding level, applicants will submit a revised application that addresses reviewer concerns and aligns with the lower award amount. APHIS will provide additional guidance to applicants in these situations.

When and how will I find out if my proposal is funded, and when will funds be awarded?

APHIS anticipates announcing the list of awarded projects in the last quarter of calendar year 2021. APHIS will publish the 2021 NADPRP Spending Plan and List of Projects and notify applicants of their award status promptly after the spending plan is approved by USDA. Applicants will be notified by email and through the publication of the NADPRP spending plan on the USDA APHIS NADPRP website. APHIS intends to award funds to selected projects by the end of 2021.


What happens with equipment purchased under a funded project after the project has ended?

APHIS will address equipment disposition when the funded project is closed out.

If I invent something unique with NADPRP funds, who owns it when the cooperative agreement ends?

The Bayh-Dole Act, Public Law 96-517, is followed when intellectual property (IP) is developed under a federal award. Bayh-Dole allows the cooperator to take ownership of their developed IP if they elect to do so. It also permits the federal funding agency (e.g., APHIS) to retain a nonexclusive, nontransferable, irrevocable, paid-up license to use the developed technology – or have someone else use for or on behalf of the U.S. government – for government purposes.


Is there a website with more information?

The USDA APHIS NADPRP website includes all information and links related to this funding opportunity.

Whom can applicants contact regarding questions about NADPRP and the 2021 funding opportunity?

For questions about this funding opportunity and the NADPRP program, please send an email to You may also contact these program staff:

For questions pertaining to required documents or the ezFedGrants application process, please contact You may also email program staff:

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