Infectious diseases affect cultured aquatic animal populations similar to the impacts seen in other livestock sectors; loss of production, increased costs associated with treatment, and loss of trade or markets. APHIS encourages aquaculture producers to work with aquatic animal veterinarians and other aquatic animal health experts to address health issues on the production site.
APHIS encourages the reporting of detections of all OIE-listed aquatic animal diseases to state animal health officials (SAHO). For a list of the current OIE-listed diseases reporting to USDA APHIS click here.
Infectious Salmon Anemia Virus (ISAV)
ISAV, or more commonly "ISA" is a viral disease that causes severe anemia in infected fish. It affects farmed and wild Atlantic salmon in several areas of the world. APHIS works with fish health partners to help protect U.S. aquaculture and wild fish populations from this disease.
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease
Infection with Aphanomyces astaci (crayfish plague)
Infection with Hepatobacter penaei (necrotising hepatopancreatitis)
Infection with infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus
Infection with infectious myonecrosis virus
Infection with Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (white tail disease)
Infection with Taura syndrome virus
Infection with white spot syndrome virus
Infection with yellow head virus genotype 1
Infection with abalone herpesvirus
Infection with Bonamia exitiosa
Infection with Bonamia ostreae
Infection with Marteilia refringens
Infection with Perkinsus marinus
Infection with Perkinsus olseni
Infection with Xenohaliotis californiensis