Newcastle Disease in Mexico, April 2000
The Exotic Newcastle Disease (END) outbreak in north-central Mexico was confirmed on 30 March 2000 and reported to the OIE on 31 March 2000. Detailed information on the outbreak is available from the National Center for Import and Export, and from the joint U.S.-Mexico Exotic Animal Disease Commission.
As of 10 April, the outbreak was occurring in two states, Coahuila and Durango, in an agriculturally important region called the Comarca Lagunera. This two-state region holds about 22 million chickens, or 6.5 percent of Mexico's total poultry flock of 336.6 million. Three million birds had been depopulated as of 10 April, and another 1.4 million birds were in the process of being depopulated in the two states. Most of the confirmed and suspected incidents were in operations wholly or partially owned by Tyson Foods of Arkansas. The operations have been serving the growing Mexican market for poultry.
National Center for Import and Export data indicate that, in March 1998, Mexico formally requested the USDA to recognize Coahuila and Durango as free of END. That application was pending but had not been approved. In March 2000, USDA amended its regulations to remove certain restrictions on the importation of poultry meat and other poultry products from Sinaloa and Sonora, two states in Western Mexico. Also, an application to recognize the southern states of Yucatan, Quintana Roo, and Campeche as free of END has been pending.
END outbreaks in several Mexican states in the 1990s have impeded the country's growing poultry industry and its ability to export to Japan and the U.S. According to Government of Mexico data, the following states or agricultural regions were self-declared to be free of END in the years noted:
|Comarca Lagunera||1996 March|
|Quintana Roo||1997 December|
The map below highlights self-reported Newcastle Disease status in most of the remaining Mexican states. The Exotic Newcastle Disease program in Mexico is a national program coordinated by SAGAR, the national ministry of agriculture. States are categorized in one of three different program phases: control, eradication or free. In each state a tripartite committee formed by state, federal and producer representatives coordinates the program . As of April 2000, eight states had ongoing eradication programs; 11 states had control programs; and 6 states were free.
The United States has not legally imported any poultry meat or live poultry from Mexico in 1997, 1998, 1999, or 2000.
Mexican poultry production had been projected to grow 6 percent in 2000 due to a dynamic economic recovery that has also boosted poultry consumption in Mexico. In 1999, the U.S. exported to Mexico poultry meat and offal valued at $184 million; live chickens, ducks, or turkeys valued at $9.5 million; and eggs valued at $16 million.
If you have questions or comments on this information, please contact David Cummings (979-490-7895) or Dr. Reginald Johnson (970-490-7896).