Newcastle Disease, Turkey
Impact Worksheet, June 26, 2001
A single outbreak of Newcastle disease in western Turkey was reported in June 2001 to the O.I.E. The last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease in Turkey was in July 1997. Turkey's stocks of chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys represent approximately 1.0 to 2.0 percent of the worlds stocks. Turkey is an insignificant exporter of live poultry or poultry meat. The US imported no live poultry and no fresh or frozen poultry products from Turkey in 1999, 2000, or 2001 (January to March). Approximately 170,000 passengers arrived in the US on almost 1000 direct flights from Turkey in 1999. Under APHIS-PPQs agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, no sampled air passengers from Turkey were found to be carrying items of poultry origin.
How extensive is the situation in the affected country and what was the countrys disease status prior to the outbreak?
A single outbreak of Newcastle disease occurred in Kütahya, Turkey (indicated by a blue triangle on map) in May 2001 and was reported in June 2001 to the O.I.E. by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. The last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease in Turkey was in July 1997.
Source: OIE Disease Information Report
What is Turkeys production and trade in affected animals and animal products?
In 2000, Turkeys poultry stocks consisted of 236 million chickens, 1.3 million ducks, 1.7 million geese, and 3.8 million turkeys. These stocks represent approximately 1.0 to 2.0 percent of the worlds stocks of chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys. Turkey slaughtered less than 1.0 percent of the worlds total slaughter of chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys in 2000.
In 1999, Turkey exported only 0.6 million chickens and 0.001 million ducks. These exports of chickens and ducks represent significantly less than 1.0 percent of the worlds totals. Regarding poultry meats, Turkey, in 1999, exported only 2,233 metric tons of chicken meat (less than 1.0 percent of world exports) and 4.0 metric tons of duck meat (less than 0.1 percent of world exports). Turkey did not export any goose meat or turkey meat in 1997-1999.
Source: United Nations FAO
What are the U.S. imports of affected animals or animal products from Turkey?
The US imported no live poultry and no fresh or frozen poultry products from Turkey in 1999, 2000, or 2001 (January to March). Neither were other products from poultry imported into the US during this same period of time.
Source: World Trade Atlas
What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from the affected country?
A total of 167,138 passengers arrived in the US on 985 direct flights from Turkey in 1999. During the first half of 2000 (January - June), 88,997 passengers arrived on 541 direct flights from Turkey. These numbers do not include passengers who arrived in the US from Turkey via indirect flights.
As part of APHIS-PPQs agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 725 air passengers from Turkey were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2000. Of these passengers, none were found to be carrying items of poultry origin. Five passengers were carrying a total of 8 kg of unspecified meat, with reported destinations of Florida, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Utah. None reported plans to visit or work on a farm or ranch while in the US.
Source: US Department of Transportation, and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection data base
CEIs plans for follow up:
CEI has no plans for further activity regarding Newcastle disease in Turkey at this point in time. If you seek more information or wish to comment on this worksheet, please reply to this message or contact Vicki Bridges at (970) 490-7822 or Reg Johnson at (970) 490-7896.