CT_Newcastle_denmark0726

Newcastle Disease_ Denmark 7_26_2002

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Newcastle Disease , Denmark

Impact Worksheet, July 26, 2002

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Summary:

The Danish National Veterinary and Food Administration on Friday, July 26, 2002 confirmed an outbreak of Newcastle disease at 42 premises in western Denmark . The last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease in Denmark was 1998. Production of poultry and poultry products in Denmark accounts for less than 0.1% of total world production. Denmark ’s exports of live poultry and poultry products in 1999 and 2000 did not account for a significant share of the world export market. The predominant export markets for these products are the Middle East , Germany , and Britain . The only recent import of concern into the US from Denmark was bird’s eggs for hatching. In 2001, 4,680 dozen bird’s eggs for hatching were imported from Denmark . Through May of 2002, 3,781 dozen bird’s eggs for hatching were imported into the US . The USDA is preparing an interim rule that will remove Denmark from the list of regions that are considered to be free of exotic Newcastle disease. The effective date will be July 16, 2002 .

How extensive is the Newcastle disease outbreak in Denmark , and what was Denmark ’s Newcastle disease status prior to the outbreak?

The Danish National Veterinary and Food Administration on Friday, July 26, 2002 confirmed via the Danish Veterinary Institute an outbreak of Newcastle disease at 42 premises in western Denmark . The last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease in Denmark was 1998. In mid-July, Danish authorities suspected an outbreak of Newcastle disease on premises located in the southern part of the Jutland Peninsula , near the German border. To control the outbreak, the chickens were destroyed. Also as a preventive measure, safety zones of 10 kilometers were established around the premises affected. Neither poultry nor poultry equipment may be removed from the safety zones without permission. It is anticipated that the safety zones will be discontinued within 30 days, after disinfection and cleaning of affected premises has been approved.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report

What is Denmark ’s place in the international market for affected animals and animal products?

Denmark maintained limited stocks of poultry in 2000 and 2001. The most significant stocks were chickens, but these chickens represented less than 0.1% of total world stocks.

Table 1: Animal Stocks and Production, Denmark , 2000 and 2001.

2000

2001

Stocks

(1000 head or mt)

Stocks

(1000 head or mt)

% of World

Production

Chickens (hd)

20,982

21,500

0.1%

Ducks (hd)

296

290

<0.1%

Geese (hd)

7

7

<0.1%

Turkeys (hd)

546

550

0.2%

Source: United Nations FAO

What is Denmark ’s production and trade in affected animals and animal products?

Denmark exported live poultry and poultry products in 1999 and 2000. However, none of these birds or poultry products accounted for a significant share of the world export market. Chicken exports in 2000 were nearly half of Denmark ’s domestic stocks that year, and egg and chicken meat exports suggest that a significant share of chicken production in Denmark is exported. The predominant export markets are the Middle East , Germany , and Britain , according to the Danish Poultry Council.

Table 2: Exports of live animal and animal products, Denmark , 1999 – 2000.

Exports

1999

2000

% of World in 2000

Quantity

(# head or mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

(# head or mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

(# head or mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Chicken(1000hd)

6,422

8,307

7,753

9,622

1.1%

1.3%

Turkey(1000hd)

12

109

?

6

<0.1%

<0.1%

Chicken meat

111,324

172,124

107,403

146,944

1.6%

2.3%

Hen eggs

8,357

12,014

13,405

15,714

1.4%

1.6%

Eggs exclude hen

8

238

9

335

0.1%

0.7%

Eggs in the shell

8,365

12,252

13,414

16,049

1.4%

1.6%

Eggs liquid dried

3,874

8,617

4,606

8,943

2.7%

3.4%

Eggs liquid hen

3,874

8,617

4,606

8,943

3.2%

4.9%

Turkey meat

7,158

10,968

10,900

13,372

1.2%

1.0%

Goose meat

2

11

5

32

<0.1%

<0.1%

Meat of pigeon, other birds

1

12

3

18

0.1%

0.1%

Meat canned chick

7,637

30,928

9,505

31,019

1.7%

1.8%

Fat of poultry

43

88

0

0

<0.1%

<0.1%

Fat of poultry, rendered

0

0

325

93

<0.1%

0.8%

? indicates an undeterminable quantity. Source: United Nations FAO

What are the US imports of affected animals or animal products from Denmark ?

The only recent import of concern into the US from Denmark was bird’s eggs for hatching. In 2001, 4,680 dozen bird’s eggs for hatching (value of $79,000) were imported from Denmark . Through May of 2002, 3,781 bird’s eggs for hatching (value of $72,000) were received. The USDA is preparing an interim rule that will remove Denmark from the list of regions that are considered to be free of exotic Newcastle disease. The effective date will be July 16, 2002 .

Mexico imported no products of concern in 2001 or through May of 2002 from Denmark . In 2001, Canada imported 8,048 fowls ( Gallus Dom) for breeding purposes from Denmark . Canada also imported 228 kg of feathers in 2001 and 262 kg of feathers through May of 2002. The value of all of these imports was less than 45 thousand Canadian dollars.

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the US from Denmark ?

A total of 209,512 passengers arrived on direct flights to the US from Denmark in 2001. This number does not include passengers who arrived in the US from Denmark via indirect flights.

As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 587 air passengers from Denmark were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2001. None of these passengers were found to be carrying restricted poultry products.

Source: APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Database

CEI’s plans for follow up:

As of July 30, 2002 , CEI will continue to monitor the situation, but has no plans at this time to issue additional reports. If you need more information, or if you want to comment on this worksheet, please contact Reg Johnson (970-494-7326) or Jennifer Grannis (970-494-7328).

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