CT_Newcastle_azerbaijan1101

Newcastle_ Azerbaijan 11_14_01

CEI LogoNewcastle Disease, Azerbaijan

Impact Worksheet, November 14, 2001

Summary:

An outbreak of Newcastle disease was reported in the Baku region of Azerbaijan. Their last reported outbreak was in 1995. Azerbaijan is a minimal producer of poultry and poultry products. Azerbaijan does not export live poultry. Only very small amounts of poultry meat (79 metric tons in 1999) have been exported in recent years. Neither the US, Canada, nor Mexico imported any relevant poultry or poultry products from Azerbaijan during 2000 or 2001 (through August). This outbreak of Newcastle disease in Azerbaijan presents negligible risk to US animal agriculture.

How extensive is the situation in the affected country and what was the country’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

The Chief Veterinary Officer of Azerbaijan reported an outbreak of Newcastle disease in the Baku region of Azerbaijan (see map) to the OIE. The outbreak is in 25 - 30 day old chicks and was initially detected October 3, 2001. The last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease in Azerbaijan was in 1995. The USDA does not consider Azerbaijan to be free of Newcastle disease.

NC Azerbaijan Map

Source: OIE Disease Information Report

What is the country’s production and trade in affected animals and animal products?

Azerbaijan is a minimal producer of poultry and poultry products (Table 1). In 2000, there was only one industrial poultry production facility in the country. Production of live chickens, chicken meat, and hen eggs are all less than one percent of world production. Azerbaijan does not export live poultry. Only very small amounts of poultry meat (79 metric tons in 1999 valued at $40,000) have been exported in recent years.

Table 1: Azerbaijan's poultry production in 2000 and 2001

Product

2000

2001

Quantity

% World

Quantity

% World

Live chickens

12,500,000 head

<0.1

14,500,000 head

<0.1

Chicken meat

16670 metric tons

<0.1

17500 metric tons

<0.1

Hen eggs

30,250 metric tons

<0.1

30500 metric tons

<0.1

Source: United Nations FAO; GAIN Report Foreign Agricultural Service/USDA

What are the US imports of affected animals or animal products from the country?

The US imported no relevant poultry or poultry products from Azerbaijan during 2000 or 2001 (through August). In addition, no relevant products were exported from Azerbaijan to Canada or Mexico. There are no poultry processing plants in Azerbaijan that are certified by FSIS to export poultry products to the US.

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from the affected country?

In 2000, there were just under 2000 Azeri visitors to the US. There are no direct flights to the US from Azerbaijan. As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 21 air passengers from Azerbaijan were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2000. Of these passengers, none were found to be carrying items of poultry origin.

Source: Department of Commerce, Tourism Industries , APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection data base

CEI’s interpretation:

This outbreak of Newcastle disease in Azerbaijan presents negligible risk to US animal agriculture.

CEI’s plans for follow up:

At this time, CEI has no plans for further activity regarding Newcastle disease in Azerbaijan. If you seek more information or wish to comment on this worksheet, please reply to this message or contact Vicki Bridges (970-490-7822) or Jennifer Grannis (970-490-7844) .

Complementary Content
${loading}