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Newcastle Disease, Algeria

Impact Worksheet, August 30, 2002

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Summary:

An outbreak of Newcastle disease involving poultry layer farms in Algeria was reported to the OIE on August 27, 2002. Algeria’s last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease was in 1997. Algeria’s percentage of poultry stocks and production are less than 1% of total world stocks. Algeria exported no live poultry or poultry products in 2000 or 2001. The US imported no animals or products relevant to Newcastle disease from Algeria between January 1999 and June 2002. This outbreak poses negligible risk to the US.

How extensive is the disease in the affected country, and what was the country’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

Newcastle Algeria Map

An outbreak of Newcastle disease involving poultry layer farms in Algeria was reported to the OIE on August 27, 2002. Algeria’s last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease was in 1997. The current outbreak involves the Wilaya of Medea and the Wilaya of Bouira (pushpin markers on map). The disease was first detected on August 18 and the source of the outbreak is under investigation.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report

What is Algeria’s production and trade in affected animals and animal products?

Algeria had stocks of chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese totaling just over 100,000 birds in the years 2000 and 2001. Production year 2000 had a total of 211,050 mt of poultry meat (chicken and turkey) and year 2001 had a very small increase, as indicated in Table 1. Algeria’s percentage of poultry stocks and production are less than 1% of total world stocks. By all indications Algeria did not export live poultry or poultry meat during the years 2000 and 2001.

Table 1: Production in poultry and poultry meat, Algeria, 2000 and 2001

Poultry Production

2000

2001

production

production

% of world production

Live stocks (# head)

110,135

110,137

< 1%

Poultry meat (mt)

211,050

211,100

< 1%

Source: United Nations FAO

What are the US imports of affected animals or animal products from the country?

The US imported no animals or animal products relevant to Newcastle disease from Algeria between January 1999 and June 2002. Canada and Mexico also imported no relevant products in this time frame (Mexico data through April 2002).

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from the affected country?

A total of 2,719 passengers arrived on direct flights to the US from Algeria in 1999 and 3,294 arrived in the year 2000. This number does not include passengers who arrived in the US from Algeria via indirect flights.

As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 20 air passengers from Algeria were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2001. Of these passengers, no items were found that could potentially harbor the Newcastle disease virus. None of the passengers reported plans to visit or work on a ranch or farm while in the US.

Source: US Department of Commerce and APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Database

CEI’s plans for follow up:

At this time, CEI has no plans for further reporting on Newcastle disease in Algeria. If you seek more information or wish to comment on this worksheet, please reply by e-mail or contact Vicki Bridges at (970) 494-7322 or Nancy Baker at (970) 494-7329.

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