CT_Ncrbaijan012306

Newcastle Disease_ Azerbaijan_ 1_23_2006

Newcastle Disease , Azerbaijan ,

January 23, 2006

Impact Worksheet

Summary:

An outbreak of Newcastle disease in a small backyard poultry flock was detected on January 6, 2006 in the Masalli district of Azerbaijan and reported to the OIE on January 18, 2006. Azerbaijan last reported an outbreak of Newcastle disease in 2001. In 2004, Azerbaijan’s poultry stocks totaled about 17.4 million chickens and turkeys, amounting to less than 0.1% of world stocks. Azerbaijan did not export any live poultry or poultry meat during 2003-2004, but did export about 1.3 metric tons of eggs in the shell valued at $631 thousand. Neither the US, Canada, nor Mexico imported any relevant poultry or poultry products from Azerbaijan during 2004 or 2005 (through October).

How extensive is Newcastle disease in Azerbaijan , and what was Azerbaijan ’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

The head of the State Veterinary Service of Azerbaijan reported to the OIE on January 18, 2006 an outbreak of Newcastle disease in the Masalli district, village of Binakhodzhavar (see map below). The outbreak occurred in a backyard poultry flock of 20 birds and was initially detected on January 6, 2006 . Control measures undertaken include control of wildlife reservoirs, quarantine, movement control inside the country, vaccination, and disinfection of infected premises. The last reported outbreak of Newcastle disease in Azerbaijan was in 2001 (see impact worksheet /vs/ceah/cei/IW_2001_files/newcastle_azerbaijan1101.htm). The USDA does not consider Azerbaijan to be free of Newcastle disease.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report

What is Azerbaijan ’s place in the international market for poultry and poultry products?

In 2004, Azerbaijan ’s poultry stocks totaled 17.4 million chickens and turkeys amounting to 0.1% of world stocks (Table 1). Chickens, totaling 16.8 million head in 2004, comprised the majority of Azerbaijan ’s poultry stocks followed by turkeys (0.5 million). Azerbaijan produced about 46.5 thousand metric tons of eggs in 2004. As a share of the world’s total production, Azerbaijan produced <0.1% of egg production and <0.1% of chicken meat production.

Table 1: Poultry stocks and production, Azerbaijan , 2003 and 2004

2003

2004

Stocks

(1,000 head)

Stocks

(1,000 head)

% of World

Stocks

Chickens

16,623

16,878

0.1%

Turkeys

515

522

0.2%

Total

17,138

17,400

0.1%

Production

(metric tons)

Production

(metric tons)

% of World Production

Chicken Meat

27,100

27,100

<0.1%

Eggs

37,753

46,505

<0.1%

Total

64,853

73,605

0.1%

During 2004, Azerbaijan exported 1.3 MT of eggs in the shell valued at $631 thousand dollars (Table 2). By quantity, the eggs in the shell exports were about 0.1% of the world’s total; however, by value, Azerbaijan ’s share of the world’s eggs in the shell exports was less than 0.1%. Azerbaijan did not export any live poultry or poultry meat.

Table 2: Exports of poultry products, Azerbaijan , 2003 - 2004

Exports

2003

2004

% of World in 2004

Quantity

(mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

(mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

(mt)

Value

(1000 $)

Eggs in the Shell

1,303

416

1,347

631

0.1%

<0.1%

Source: United Nations FAO

What are the US, Canadian, or Mexican imports of poultry or poultry products from Azerbaijan ?

Neither the US , Canada , nor Mexico imported any relevant poultry or poultry products from Azerbaijan during 2004 or 2005 (through October).

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from Azerbaijan ?

In 2004, 1,563 Azerbaijan residents arrived on flights to the US . As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 27 air passengers from Azerbaijan were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2004. No passengers were found to be carrying poultry items of interest.

Source: Office of Travel & Tourism Industries, US Department of Commerce, USDA APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection databases, Bureau of Transportation Statistics.

CEI’s plans for follow up:

At this time, CEI will continue to monitor this situation, but has no plans to issue additional reports. If you need more information or if you want to comment on this worksheet, you may reply to this message, or contact Judy Akkina (970-494-7324) or Kami Johnson (970-494-7253) .

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