CT_Hpaiindia022306

CEI_s plans for follow up_

Avian Influenza, India

February 23, 2006

Impact Worksheet

Summary: On February 18, 2006, an outbreak of avian influenza virus type H5N1 in poultry was reported in Navapur, Nandurbar district, Maharashtra state of India. This is the first confirmed occurrence of H5N1 in India. Outbreaks reportedly began on January 27, 2006, and involved chickens in both commercial and backyard farms. Navapur is one of the major egg production centers of India. Commercial broilers and backyard birds in Navapur were mainly for household consumption and sale in the local markets only.

In 2005, India’s poultry stocks totaled 430 million chickens and 33 million ducks, amounting to 2.6% and 3.2%, respectively, of world stocks. India produced nearly 2.5 million metric tons of eggs, 1.9 million metric tons of chicken meat, and 65,000 metric of duck meat in 2005. During 2004, India exported nearly 1.5 million live chickens valued at $430,000. By quantity and value, live chicken exports were 0.2% and <0.1%, respectively, of the world’s total. Nepal, Yemen and Germany were the largest importers of live poultry from India in 2004. The countries receiving live poultry exports from India vary considerably from year to year. India also exported significant quantities of poultry meat and eggs, with

Saudi Arabia receiving the largest portion of poultry meat exports (72%) and United Arab Emirates, Oman and Kuwait combined receiving almost 73% of India’s exports of eggs.

US imports of poultry products from India during 2004 and 2005 consisted of bird and feather parts and prepared or preserved poultry meat products. No live bird imports were reported. In 2005, did not import any live poultry but did import articles of down and feathers used for stuffing valued at 5,000 Canadian dollars. Mexico did not import any live poultry or poultry products from India in 2005.

Following the report of avian influenza virus type H5N1 in India, APHIS, Veterinary Services placed a temporary ban on the US import of poultry and commercial shipments of live birds, hatching eggs, and unprocessed avian products from India. Processed avian products from India must be accompanied by a VS import permit and government certification confirming that the products were treated according to APHIS requirements. US-origin pet birds and performing birds will be allowed to return upon entering one of the three USDA Quarantine centers for 30 days.



How extensive is avian influenza in India , and what was India ’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

On February 18, 2006 , an outbreak of avian influenza virus type H5N1 in poultry was reported in Navapur, Nandurbar district, Maharashtra state of India . This is the first confirmed occurrence of H5N1 in India . Outbreaks reportedly began on January 27, 2006 , and involved chickens in both commercial and backyard farms. News reports indicate that about 50,000 birds died. Control measures include culling and stamping out of all domestic poultry within a radius of approximately 10 kilometers of affected premises and vaccination of all poultry within a zone of approximately 6-7 kilometers around the zone of culling. Movement controls within the infected zone are also in place. Navapur is one of India ’s major chicken and egg producing areas. Commercial broilers and backyard birds in Navapur were mainly for household consumption and sale in the local markets only. India had never reported highly pathogenic avian influenza to the OIE previously. The U.S. does not consider India free of Newcastle disease.

Source: OIE Disease Information Report; CIDRAP news; Agence France-Presse; FAS personal communications

What is India ’s place in the international market for poultry and poultry products?

In 2005, India ’s poultry stocks totaled 430 million chickens and 33 million ducks, amounting to 2.6% and 3.2%, respectively, of world stocks (Table 1). India produced nearly 2.5 million metric tons of eggs, 1.9 million metric tons of chicken meat, and 65,000 metric of duck meat in 2005. India ’s share of world production in 2005 was 4.2% of chicken eggs, 2.7% of chicken meat, and 1.9% of duck meat.

During 2004, India exported nearly 1.5 million live chickens valued at $430,000 (Table 2). By quantity and value, live chicken exports were 0.2% and <0.1%, respectively, of the world’s total. Nepal , Yemen and Germany were the largest importers of live poultry in 2004 (latest data available). The three countries combined equaled about 64% of all exports of live poultry from India in 2004. The countries receiving live poultry exports from India vary considerably from year to year. India also exported significant quantities of poultry meat and eggs with Saudi Arabia receiving the largest portion of poultry meat exports (72%) and United Arab Emirates , Oman and Kuwait combined receiving almost 73% of India exports of eggs. India ’s exports of chicken eggs made up 4.7% of world total chicken egg exports in 2004.

Sources: United Nations FAO, Global Trade Atlas

Table 1: Poultry stocks and production, India , 2004 and 2005

2004

2005

Stocks

(1,000 head)

Stocks

(1,000 head)

% of World

Stocks

Stocks (1,000 head)

Chickens

425,000

430,000

2.6%

Ducks

33,000

33,000

3.2%

Total Stocks

458,000

463,000

Production (metric tons)

Production

(metric tons)

Production

(metric tons)

% of World Production

Chicken Meat

1,650,000

1,900,000

2.7%

Duck Meat

65,000

65,000

1.9%

Chicken Eggs

2,464,000

2,492,000

4.2%

Total Production

4,179,000

4,457,000

3.4%

Source: United Nations FAO

Table 2: Exports of live poultry and poultry products, India , 2003 and 2004

Exports

2003

2004

% of World in 2004

Quantity

(1,000 head)

Value

(1,000$)

Quantity

(1,000 head)

Value

(1,000$)

Quantity

(1,000 head)

Value

(1,000$)

Live (head)

Chickens

2,045

493

1,480

430

0.2%

<0.1%

Ducks

2,050

670

1,609

636

14.9%

2.1%

Turkeys

30

5

0

0

0%

0%

Products (metric tons)

Quantity (metric tons)

Value (1,000$)

Quantity (metric tons)

Value (1,000$)

% Quantity (metric tons)

% Value (1,000$)

Chicken Meat

4,473

4,422

1,404

1,407

<0.1%

<0.1%

Duck Meat

802

749

256

246

0.3

0.1

Turkey Meat

982

955

0

0

0.0

0.0

Chicken Eggs

42,319

29,912

48,582

37,416

4.7%

2.9%

Source: United Nations FAO

What are the US imports of poultry or poultry products from India ?

US imports of poultry products from India during 2005 consisted of bird and feather parts with a value of $84,000. In 2005, no prepared or preserved poultry meat was imported from India . A small amount of prepared or preserved poultry meat was imported in 2004 with a value of $5,000. No live bird imports were reported for 2004 and 2005.

The US does not consider India free of Newcastle disease; therefore, exports of commercial poultry and poultry products to the US are restricted. In addition, following the report of H5N1 avian influenza in India, APHIS Veterinary Services placed a temporary ban on the U.S. import of poultry and commercial shipments of live birds, hatching eggs, and unprocessed avian products from India. The ban includes shipments currently on the water. Processed avian products from India must be accompanied by a VS import permit and government certification that the products were treated according to APHIS requirements. Pet and performing birds originating in the US will be allowed to return to the US upon entering one of three USDA quarantine centers for 30 days.

Table 3: U.S. imports of animal products from India , 2004 and 2005

Product

2004

2005

Quantity

(kg)

$ Value

(U.S. dollars)

Quantity

(kg)

$ Value

(U.S. dollars)

Bird skins and other feather parts and down

Not available

14,000

Not available

84,000

Prepared or preserved poultry meat

1,531

5,000

0

0

Source: World Trade Atlas

What are the Canadian or Mexican imports of poultry or poultry products from India ?

I n 2005, Canada did not import any live poultry but did import articles of down and feathers used for stuffing valued at 5,000 Canadian dollars. Mexico did not import any live poultry or poultry products from India in 2005.

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the US from India ?

In 2004, 308,845 India residents arrived via plane from India . As part of APHIS-PPQ’s agriculture quarantine inspection monitoring, 11,666 air passengers from India were sampled for items of agricultural interest in fiscal year 2004. No passengers were found to be carrying poultry items of interest.

Sources: Office of Travel & Tourism Industries, US Department of Commerce, USDA APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection databases, Bureau of Transportation Statistics

At this time, CEI will continue to monitor this situation, but has no plans to issue additional reports. If you need more information or if you want to comment on this worksheet, you may reply to this message, or contact Judy Akkina (970) 494-7324.

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