CT_Ncgreece010705

Newcastle Disease_ Greece_ 1_10_2005

Exotic Newcastle disease, Greece

January 10, 2005

Impact Worksheet

Summary:

Greek authorities on January 5, 2005 reported an outbreak of Exotic Newcastle disease on a poultry farm with 20,000 free-range broilers in the region of Arkadhia. Control measures in accordance with European Union directives have been taken. This is the first outbreak of Newcastle disease in Greece since 1986. Prior to this outbreak, Greece was considered by the USDA to be free of exotic Newcastle disease. VS’ National Center for Import and Export is monitoring the situation and will implement control measures as deemed appropriate.

Greece is a minor player in terms of world poultry stocks and production. However, Greece exported 3.4 million live chickens in 2003, mostly to Albania , Macedonia , and Romania . Greece also exported some poultry meat and eggs. T he US imported no live birds, no poultry products, no eggs, and no feathers from Greece in 2003 and 2004.

How extensive is Newcastle disease in Greece , and what was Greece ’s disease status prior to the outbreak?

Greek authorities on January 5, 2005 reported an outbreak of Newcastle disease on a poultry farm with 20,000 free-range broilers in the region of Arkadhia. Control measures in accordance with European Union directives have been taken. This is the first outbreak of Newcastle disease in Greece since 1986. Prior to this outbreak, Greece was considered by the USDA to be free of exotic Newcastle disease. VS’ National Center for Import and Export is monitoring the situation and will implement control measures as deemed appropriate.

Source: Official report from Greece to the EU

What is Greece ’s place in the international market for poultry and poultry products?

Greece is a minor player in terms of world poultry stocks and production, with 0.2% of world chicken stocks and <0.1% of the world’s ducks, geese, and turkeys. Production of poultry meat and eggs each account for 0.2% of world production of these commodities.

Table 1: Poultry Stocks and Production, Greece , 2003 and 2004

2003

2004

Stocks

(1,000 head)

Stocks

(1,000 head)

% of World Stocks

Chickens

28,000

28,000

0.2

Ducks

70

70

<0.1

Geese

33

33

<0.1

Turkeys

90

90

<0.1

Production

(Metric Tons)

Production

(Metric Tons)

% of World Production

Poultry meat

134,373

134,373

0.2

Eggs

105,576

105,000

0.2

Greece exported 3.4 million live chickens in 2003, accounting for 0.5% of world live chicken exports. Over 90% of the live chickens went to Albania , Macedonia , and Romania . Eggs were exported primarily to Germany , France , the Netherlands , and Italy . The top 4 destination countries for poultry meat were Bulgaria , Macedonia , Belgium , and the Netherlands .

Table 2: Exports of live Poultry and Poultry Products, Greece , 2002 - 2003

Exports

2002

2003

% of World in 2003

Quantity

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

Value

(1000 $)

Quantity

Value

(1000 $)

Live Birds (1,000 head)

Chickens

9,900

4,362

3,372

1,991

0.5

0.2

Turkeys

3

6

3

4

<0.1

<0.1

Poultry products (mt)

Eggs, in the shell

263

190

3,576

3,837

0.3

0.3

Eggs, liquid or dried

23

88

84

379

<0.1

<0.1

Poultry meat

3,387

4,917

5,774

8,501

<0.1

<0.1

Source: United Nations FAO; Global Trade Altas

What are the US imports of live birds or poultry products from Greece ?

Greece was considered by the USDA to be free of exotic Newcastle disease. However, the US imported no live birds, no poultry products, no eggs, and no feathers from Greece in 2003 and 2004.

Source: World Trade Atlas; VS Import Tracking System

What are Canada and Mexico ’s imports of live birds or poultry products from Greece ?

Neither Canada nor Mexico imported any live birds, poultry products, eggs, or feathers from Greece in 2003 and 2004.

Source: World Trade Atlas

What is the level of passenger traffic arriving in the United States from Greece ?

In 2003, a total of 40,993 air passenger arrivals in the US reported Greece as their country of residency. As part of USDA, APHIS-PPQ’s Agricultural Quarantine Inspection Monitoring system, 722 air passengers arriving in the US from Greece in fiscal year 2003 were sampled for items of agriculture interest. Seven passengers were carrying an unspecified meat product, such as a sandwich. No passengers were found to be carrying items specified as poultry products.

Source: Office of Travel & Tourism Industries, US Department of Commerce; USDA APHIS-PPQ Agricultural Quarantine Inspection databases

CEI’s plans for follow up:

If you need more information or if you want to comment on this worksheet, you may reply to this message, or contact Judy Akkina at (970) 494-7324 or Chris Kopral at (970) 494-7325.

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