APHIS published a pest risk assessment for stakeholder review and comment in April 2015. The assessment described the measures required to mitigate identified plant pests. This systems approach, under which persimmon from New Zealand can be safely imported into the United States, includes the following measures:
persimmon-producing orchards and packinghouses will have to be registered and approved by the National Plant Protection Organization of New Zealand;
persimmons must meet requirements for orchard pest control, post-harvest safeguards, fruit culling, the ability to traceback shipments to the orchard where they were grown, and treatment with either hot water or modified atmosphere treatment before shipment;
persimmons must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional declaration stating that they were produced under, and meet all the components of, the systems approach.
APHIS will consider all comments that we receive on or before October 25, 2016, at the Federal eRulemaking Portal. Comments can be submitted online at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2015-0052 or by mail at Docket No. APHIS-2015-0052, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238.
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