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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
U.S. Department of Agriculture

USDA Issues Final Environmental Impact Statement to Help Reduce Potential Risks during an Animal Health Emergency

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WASHINGTON, Dec. 11, 2015— The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is issuing a final environmental impact statement (EIS) for carcass management alternatives that could be implemented during an animal health emergency.

Livestock carcasses in large numbers can present a potential environmental risk. The agency must effectively manage carcasses in a mass animal health emergency to reduce potential risks to humans, livestock, and the surrounding environment.

In the EIS, the agency evaluated three alternatives, including:

  • Taking no action, under which APHIS would manage carcasses in a mass animal health emergency in accordance with the existing regulations in 9CFR53.4, using either unlined burial or open-air burning.
  • Using standard procedures, which would consider four additional carcass-management options – landfill, rendering, fixed incineration, and composting – in addition to those listed in the no action alternative.
  • Adaptive management, chosen as the preferred alternative, which allows for all high-capacity, widely-available carcass management options – including unlined burial, open-air burning, landfill, rendering, incineration, composting, and other nonstandard options – to be considered and potentially used during a mass animal health emergency.  This chosen alternative is expected to provide greater flexibility for using the best available resources in such an event.

The EIS finds that carcasses resulting from an animal health emergency can be disposed of safely using a variety of available methods.  The EIS is not specific to any one animal disease.  The findings of the EIS will be used to support animal health emergency planning and decision-making.

The final EIS is available at:

The notice of availability for the final EIS is expected to be published in the Federal Register on Friday, December 18.


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